The development of vowel length in Slavic

Frederik Kortlandt

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/JZ.21.2.6883

Povzetek

In pretonic syllables long vowels originated from Dybo’s law while in stressed and posttonic syllables long vowels continue Proto-Indo-European lengthened grade vowels and dialectal Indo-European contractions and arose from the Slavic monophthongization of diphthongs, and after the rise of the new timbre distinctions resulted from Van Wijk’s law and contractions in posttonic syllables, in accent paradigm (c) from the retraction of the stress from final jers and from lengthening in monosyllables, in accent paradigm (b) from Stang’s law, and only in post-posttonic syllables from the loss of laryngeals.

Ključne besede

Laryngeals; lengthened grade; monophthongization; contractions; lengthening; shortening

Celotno besedilo:

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Literatura

Dybo 1962 = Vladimir A. Dybo, O rekonstrukcii udarenija v praslavjanskom glagole, Voprosy slavjanskogo jazykoznanija 6 (1962), 3–27.

Dybo 1968 = Vladimir A. Dybo, Akcentologija i slovoobrazovanie v slavjanskom, in: Slavjanskoe jazykoznanie: VI meždunarodnyj sъezd slavistov, Praga, 1968, Moskva: Nauka, 1968, 148–224.

Greenberg 2000 = Marc L. Greenberg, A historical phonology of the Slovene language, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2000.

Kortlandt 1977 = Frederik Kortlandt, Historical laws of Baltic accentuation, Baltistica 13 (1977), no. 2, 319–330.

Kortlandt 1985 = Frederik Kortlandt, Long vowels in Balto-Slavic, Baltistica 21 (1985), no. 2, 112–124.

Kortlandt 1993 = Frederik Kortlandt, Tokie šalti rytai, Baltistica 28 (1993), no. 1, 45–48.

Kortlandt 2009 = Frederik Kortlandt, Baltica & Balto-Slavica, Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2009.

Kortlandt 2011 = Frederik Kortlandt, Selected writings on Slavic and general linguistics, Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2011.

Rigler 1970 = Jakob Rigler, Akcentske variante, Slavistična Revija 18 (1970), 5–15.

Stang 1957 = Christian S. Stang, Slavonic accentuation, Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 1957.

Vermeer 1984 = Willem Vermeer, On clarifying some points of Slavonic accentology: The quantity of the thematic vowel in the present tense and related issues, Folia Linguistica Historica 5 (1984), no. 2, 331–395.

Vermeer 1992 = Willem Vermeer, In the beginning was the lengthened grade: On the continuity of Proto-Indo-European vowel quantity in Slavic, in: Rekonstruktion und relative Chronologie: Akten der VIII. Fachtagung der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft, Leiden, 1987, Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft, 1992, 115–136.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/JZ.21.2.6883

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