Morfologija kavkaških jezikov: tipološki pregled

Avtorji

  • Peter Arkadiev

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3986/JZ.28.1.01

Ključne besede:

kavkaški jeziki, tipologija, oblikoslovje, označevanje morfoloških pomenov, razmerja med obliko in pomenom, polisintetizem

Povzetek

Jeziki avtohtonih jezikovnih družin na Kavkazu (naško-dagestanske, abhaško-adigejske in kartvelske družine) se odlikujejo po raznolikosti svojih oblikoslovnih sistemov. Prav na oblikoslovni ravnini so si ti jeziki tudi med seboj različni – medsebojno se razlikujejo tako jezikovne družine kot predstavniki posameznih družin. Prispevek predstavlja teoretični in tipološki pregled osnovnih posebnostih oblikoslovnih sistemov kavkaških jezikov, pri čemer izpostavlja netipične in s tipološkega stališča redke pojave v njihovi morfologiji. Osredotoča se na posebnosti izražanja skladenjskih razmerij med jedrom in odvisnim delom ter na različne tipe razmerij med morfološkimi pomeni in sredstvi njihovega izražanja; prav tako obravnava primere netipičnih razmerij med obliko in pomenom ter tipe polisintetizma, ki so značilni za kavkaške jezike.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Literatura

Anderson 2015 = Stephen R. Anderson, Dimensions of morphological complexity, in: Understanding and Measuring Morphological Complexity, ed. Matthew Baerman – Dunstan Brown – Greville G. Corbett, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 11–26.

Arkadiev 2020 = Peter Arkadiev, Syntax in morphological guise: interrogative verbal morphology in Abaza, Linguistic Typology 24.2 (2020), 211–251.

Arkadiev – Caponigro 2021 = Peter Arkadiev – Ivano Caponigro, Conveying content questions without wh-words: evidence from Abaza, in: Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 25, ed. Patrick Grosz – Luisa Martí – Hazel Pearson – Yasutada Sudo – Sarah Zobel, 2021, 73–94, https://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/sub/index.php/sub/issue/view/29.

Arkadiev – Lander 2020 = Peter Arkadiev – Yury Lander, The Northwest Caucasian languages, in: The Oxford Handbook of the Languages of the Caucasus, ed. Maria Polinsky, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020, 369–446.

Arkadiev – Letuchiy 2011 = Peter Arkadiev – Alexander Letuchiy, Prefixes and suffixes in the Adyghe polysynthetic wordform: types of interaction, in: Languages and Cultures in the Caucasus, ed. Vittorio Springfield Tomelleri – Manana Topadze – Anna Lukianowicz, München – Berlin: Otto Sagner, 2011, 495–514.

Arkadiev – Letuchiy 2021 = Peter Arkadiev – Alexander Letuchiy, Indirect antipassive in Circassian, in: Antipassive: Typology, Diachrony, and Related Constructions, ed. Katarzyna Janic – Alena Witzlack-Makarevich, Amsterdam – Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2021, 483–514.

Arkadiev et al. (to appear) = Peter Arkadiev – Yury Lander – Irina Bagirokova, Applicative constructions in the Northwest Caucasian languages, in: Applicative Constructions: A Comparative Handbook, ed. Denis Creissels – Fernando Zúñiga, Berlin – Boston: De Gruyter Mouton.

Arkadiev – Maisak 2018 = Peter Arkadiev – Timur Maisak, Grammaticalization in the North Caucasian languages, in: Grammaticalization from a Typological Perspective, ed. Heiko Narrog – Bernd Heine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, 116–145.

Authier 2009 = Gilles Authier, Development of introflexion (root-and-pattern morphology) in Budugh verbs, handout, https://docest.com/development-of-introflexion-root-and-pattern-morphology-in-budugh-verbs.

Authier 2010 = Gilles Authier, Finite and non-finite: prosodic distinctions on Budugh verb stems, in: Clause Linking and Clause Hierarchy: Syntax and Pragmatics, ed. Isabelle Bril, Amsterdam – Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2010, 143–164.

Authier Ms. = Gilles Authier, Grammatical sketch of Budugh, manuscript, https://www.academia.edu/66065917/.

Baerman et al. 2017 = Matthew Baerman – Greville G. Corbett – Dunstan Brown, Morphological Complexity, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

Boeder 1967 = Winfried Boeder, Über die Versionen des georgischen Verbs, Folia Linguistica 2 (1967), 32–52.

Caballero – Harris 2012 = Gabriela Caballero – Alice C. Harris, A working typology of multiple exponence, in: Current Issues in Morphological Theory. (Ir)regularity, Analogy and Frequency. Selected Papers from the 14th International Morphology Meeting, Budapest, 13–16 May 2010, ed. Ferenc Kiefer – Mária Ladányi – Péter Siptár, Amsterdam – Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2012, 163–188.

Caponigro – Polinsky 2011 = Ivano Caponigro – Maria Polinsky, Relative embeddings: a Circassian puzzle for the syntax/semantics interface, Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 29.1 (2011), 71–122.

Carstairs 1987 = Andrew Carstairs, Allomorphy in Inflection, London etc.: Croom Helm, 1987.

Chirikba 1999 = Vyacheslav Chirikba, The West Caucasian material in “The North Caucasian Etymological Dictionary” by S. L. Nikolaev and S. A. Starostin, in: Studies in Caucasian Linguistics: Selected Papers from the Eighth Caucasian Colloquium, ed. Helma van den Berg, Leiden: CNWS, 1999, 152–170.

Chirikba 2003 = Vyacheslav Chirikba, Abkhaz, München: LINCOM Europa, 2003.

Chirikba 2008 = Vyacheslav Chirikba, The problem of the Caucasian Sprachbund, in: From Linguistic Areas to Areal Linguistics, ed. Pieter Muysken, Amsterdam – Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2008, 25–93.

Chirikba 2016 = Vyacheslav Chirikba, From North to North West: How North-West Caucasian evolved from North Caucasian, Mother Tongue: Journal of the Association for the Study of Language in Prehistory 21 (2016), 1–27.

Chumakina – Corbett 2015 = Marina Chumakina – Greville G. Corbett, Gender-number marking in Archi: small is complex, in: Understanding and Measuring Morphological Complexity, ed. Matthew Baerman – Greville G. Corbett – Dunstan Brown, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 93–116.

Comrie 2008 = Bernard Comrie, Linguistic diversity in the Caucasus, Annual Review of Anthropology 37 (2008), 131–143.

Dahl 2004 = Östen Dahl, The Growth and Maintenance of Linguistic Complexity, Amsterdam – Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2004.

Daniel 2019 = Michael Daniel, Mehweb verb morphology, in: The Mehweb Language: Essays on Phonology, Morphology, and Syntax, ed. Michael Daniel – Nina Dobrushina – Dmitry Ganenkov, Berlin: Language Science Press, 2019, 73–115.

Dobrushina et al. 2020 = Nina Dobrushina – Michael Daniel – Yury Koryakov, Languages and sociolinguistics of the Caucasus, in: The Oxford Handbook of the Languages of the Caucasus, ed. Maria Polinsky, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020, 27–66.

Dryer 2013 = Matthew S. Dryer, Prefixing vs. suffixing in inflectional morphology, in: The World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. Matthew S. Dryer – Martin Haspelmath, Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, 2013, http://wals.info/chapter/26.

Dumézil – Esenç 1975 = Georges Dumézil – Tevfik Esenç, Le verbe oubykh: études descriptives et comparatives, Paris: Klincksieck, 1975.

Elšík 2000 = Viktor Elšík, Romani nominal paradigms: their structure, diversity and development, in: Grammatical Relations in Romani: the Noun Phrase, ed. Viktor Elšík – Yaron Matras, Amsterdam – Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2000, 9–30.

Erschler 2018 = David Erschler, Suspended affixation as morpheme ellipsis: Evidence from Ossetic alternative questions, Glossa 3.1 (2018), 1–41.

Fenwick 2011 = Rohan [Rhona] S. H. Fenwick, A Grammar of Ubykh, München: LINCOM Europa, 2011.

Forker 2013 = Diana Forker, A Grammar of Hinuq, Berlin – Boston: De Gruyter Mouton, 2013.

Forker 2020 = Diana Forker, A Grammar of Sanzhi Dargwa, Berlin: Language Science Press, 2020.

Fortescue 2017 = Michael Fortescue, What are the limits of polysynthesis?, in: The Oxford Handbook of Polysynthesis, ed. Michael Fortescue – Marianne Mithun – Nicholas Evans, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, 115–134.

Ganenkov 2010 = Dmitry Ganenkov, Topological relations in Daghestanian languages, Linguistics Special issue on Spatial Case 48.5 (2010), 1011–1041.

Gurevich 2003 = Olga Gurevich, The status of morpheme in Georgian verbal morphology, Proceedings of the 29th Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, Berkeley: University of California, Berkeley Linguistics Society, 2003, 161–172.

Gurevich 2006 = Olga Gurevich, Constructional Morphology: the Georgian Version, PhD dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 2006, https://escholarship.org/uc/item/1b93p0xs.

Harris 2002a = Alice C. Harris, On the origins of circumfixes in Kartvelian, in: Philologie, Typologie und Sprachstruktur: Festschrift für Winfried Boeder zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Wolfram Bublitz – Manfred von Roncador – Heinz Vater, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2002, 305–322.

Harris 2002b = Alice C. Harris, Endoclitics and the Origins of Udi Morphosyntax, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Harris 2009 = Alice C. Harris, Exuberant exponence in Batsbi, Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 27 (2009), 267–303.

Harris 2017 = Alice C. Harris, Multiple Exponence, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.

Haspelmath 1993 = Martin Haspelmath, A Grammar of Lezgian, Berlin – New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1993.

Haspelmath 2008 = Martin Haspelmath, An empirical test of the Agglutination Hypothesis, in: Universals of Language Today, ed. Sergio Scalise – Elisabetta Magni – Antonietta Bisetto, Dordrecht: Springer, 2008, 13–29.

Hewitt 1979a = B. George Hewitt, The relative clause in Abkhaz (Abžui dialect), Lingua 47 (1979), 151–188.

Hewitt 1979b = B. George Hewitt, The relative clause in Adyghe (Temirgoi dialect), Annual of Ibero-Caucasian Linguistics 6 (1979), 134–162.

Jespersen 1917 = Otto Jespersen, Negation in English and Other Languages, København: Bianco Lunos Bogtrykkeri, 1917.

Khvtisiashvili 2013 = Tamrika Khvtisiashvili, Principal Aspects of Xinaliq Phonology and Morphosyntax, PhD thesis, University of Utah, 2013, https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED560426.

Kibrik 1991 = Alexander E. Kibrik, Organising principles for nominal paradigms in Dagestanian languages: comparative and typological observations, in: Paradigms: the Economy of Inflection, ed. Frans Plank, Berlin – New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1991, 255–274.

Kibrik 1995 = Alexander E. Kibrik, Direct-oblique agreement of attributes in Daghestanian, in: Double Case: Agreement by Suffixaufname, ed. Frans Plank, New York – Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995, 216–229.

Kibrik 2003 = Alexander E. Kibrik, Nominal inflection galore: Daghestanian, with side glances at Europe and the world, in: Noun Phrase Structure in the Languages of Europe, ed. Frans Plank, Berlin – New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 2003, 37–112.

Korotkova – Lander 2010 = Natalia Korotkova – Yury Lander, Deriving suffix ordering in polysynthesis: evidence from Adyghe, Morphology 20 (2010), 299–319.

Lacroix 2009 = René Lacroix, Description du dialecte laze d’Arhavi (caucasique du sud, Turquie): grammaire et textes, thèse du doctorat, Université Lumière de Lyon 2, 2009, http://theses.univ-lyon2.fr/documents/lyon2/2009/lacroix_r.

Lander 2016 = Yury Lander, Word formation in Adyghe, in: Word-Formation. An International Handbook of the Languages of Europe 5, ed. Peter O. Müller – Ingeborg Ohnheiser – Susan Olsen – Franz Rainer, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2016, 3508–3526.

Lander 2017 = Yury Lander, Nominal complex in West Circassian: between morphology and syntax, Studies in Language 41.1 (2017), 76–98.

Lander – Daniel 2019 = Yury Lander – Michael Daniel, West Caucasian relative pronouns as resumptives, Linguistics 57.6 (2019), 1239–1279.

Lander – Letuchiy 2010 = Yury Lander – Alexander Letuchiy, Kinds of recursion in Adyghe morphology, in: Recursion in Human Language, ed. Harry van der Hulst, Berlin – New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 2010, 263–284.

Lander – Nichols 2020 = Yury Lander – Johanna Nichols, Head/dependent marking, in: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics, 2020, https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199384655.013.523.

Lander – Testelets 2017 = Yury Lander – Yakov Testelets, Adyghe, in: The Oxford Handbook of Polysynthesis, ed. Michael Fortescue – Marianne Mithun – Nicholas Evans, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, 948–970.

Lomize 2011 = Grigorij Lomize, Fieldwork report on locative expressions in Besleney Kabardian, 2011 (in Russian).

Maisak 2014 = Timur A. Maisak, Preverbs in Aghul: an elaborate system of locative prefixation, handout from the workshop East Caucasian preverbs and the compounding-derivation-inflection continuum, Pavia, September 2014.

Maisak 2021 = Timur A. Maisak, Endoclitics in Andi, Folia Linguistica 55.1 (2021), 1–34.

Mattissen 2004 = Johanna Mattissen, A structural typology of polysynthesis, Word 55.2 (2004), 189–216.

Mattissen 2006 = Johanna Mattissen, The ontology and diachrony of polysynthesis, in: Advances in the Theory of the Lexicon, ed. Dieter Wunderlich, Berlin – New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 2006, 287–353.

Mattissen 2017 = Johanna Mattissen, Sub-types of polysynthesis, in: The Oxford Handbook of Polysynthesis, ed. Michael Fortescue – Marianne Mithun – Nicholas Evans, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, 70–98.

Mithun 1988 = Marianne Mithun, System-defining structural properties in polysynthetic languages, Zeitschrift für Phonetik, Sprachwissenschaft und Kommunikationsforschung 41.4 (1988), 442–452.

Mithun 1997 = Marianne Mithun, Lexical affixes and morphological typology, in: Essays on Language Function and Language Type, ed. John Haiman – Joan Bybee – Sandra Thompson, Amsterdam – Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1997, 357–372.

Nichols 1986 = Johanna Nichols, Head-marking and dependent-marking grammar, Language 62.1 (1986), 56–119.

Nichols 1992 = Johanna Nichols, Linguistic Diversity in Space and Time, Chicago – London: The University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Nichols 1994 = Johanna Nichols, Chechen, in: The Indigenous Languages of the Caucasus 4, ed. Rieks Smeets, New York: Delmar, 1994, 2–78.

Nichols 1997 = Johanna Nichols, Modelling ancient population structure and movement in linguistics, Annual Review of Anthropology 26 (1997), 359–384.

Nichols 2011 = Johanna Nichols, Ingush Grammar, Berkeley – Los Angeles: The University of California Press, 2011, https://escholarship.org/uc/item/3nn7z6w5.

Nichols – Bickel 2013 = Johanna Nichols – Balthasar Bickel, Locus of marking: whole-language typology, in: The World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. Matthew S. Dryer – Martin Haspelmath, Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, 2013, http://wals.info/chapter/25.

Nikolaev – Starostin 1994 = Sergei Nikolaev – Sergei Starostin, A North Caucasian Etymological Dictionary, Moscow: Asterisk, 1994.

Plungian 2001 = Vladimir A. Plungian, Agglutination and flexion, in: Language Typology and Language Universals: An International Handbook 1, ed. Martin Haspelmath – Ekkehard König – Wulf Oesterreicher – Wolfgang Raible, Berlin – New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 2001, 669–678.

Polinsky 2020 = Maria Polinsky (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Languages of the Caucasus, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020.

Serdobolskaya 2011 = Natalia Serdobolskaya, Grammaticalization patterns of the Adyghe instrumental case, in: Languages and Cultures in the Caucasus, ed. Vittorio Springfield Tomelleri – Manana Topadze – Anna Lukianowicz, München – Berlin: Otto Sagner, 2011, 515–539.

Smeets 1997 = Rieks Smeets, Suffixal marking of plural in Ubykh verb forms, in: Proceedings of the Conference on Northwest Caucasian Linguistics, 10–12 October 1994, ed. Sumru A. Özsoy, Oslo: Novus forlag – Instituttet for sammenlignende kulturforskning, 1997, 37–62.

Spruit 1986 = Arie Spruit, Abkhaz Studies, doctoral dissertation, Universiteit Leiden, 1986.

Stump 2016 = Gregory T. Stump, Inflectional Paradigms. Content and Form at the Syntax-Morphology Interface, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Testelets 2020 = Yakov G. Testelets, Kartvelian (South Caucasian) languages, in: The Oxford Handbook of the Languages of the Caucasus, ed. Maria Polinsky, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020, 491–528.

Trubetzkoy 1926 = Nikolai S. Trubetzkoy, Studien auf dem Gebiete der vergleichenden Lautlehre der nordkaukasischen Sprachen I, Caucasica 3 (1926), 7–36.

Tuite 1997 = Kevin Tuite, Svan, München – Newcastle: LINCOM Europa, 1997.

Tuite 1999 = Kevin Tuite, The myth of the Caucasian Sprachbund: the case of ergativity, Lingua 108 (1999), 1–26.

Tuite 2008 = Kevin Tuite, The rise and fall and revival of the Ibero-Caucasian hypothesis, Historiographia Linguistica 34.2–3 (2008), 23–82.

van Gelderen 2008 = Elly van Gelderen, Negative cycles, Linguistic Typology 12.1 (2008), 195–243.

Vogt 1971 = Hans Vogt, Grammaire de la langue géorgienne, Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 1971.

Yu 2007 = Alan C. L. Yu, A Natural History of Infixation, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Аркадьев 2014 = П. М. Аркадьев, О некоторых особенностях склонения в адыгских языках, в: Язык. Константы. Переменные: памяти Александра Евгеньевича Кибрика, отв. ред. В. А. Плунгян, Санкт-Петербург: «Алетейя», 2014, 552–563.

[P. M. Arkad’ev, O nekotoryh osobennostjah sklonenija v adygskih jazykah, v: Jazyk. Konstanty. Peremennye: pamjati Aleksandra Evgen’eviča Kibrika, otv. red. V. A. Plungjan, Sankt-Peterburg: «Aletejja», 2014, 552–563.]

Аркадьев – Ландер 2020 = П. М. Аркадьев – Ю. А. Ландер, Амбификсы и другие звери, в: ВАПросы языкознания: мегасборник наностатей к юбилею В. А. Плунгяна, ред. А. А. Кибрик и др., Москва: «Буки-Веди», 2020, 35–42.

[P. M. Arkad’ev – Ju. A. Lander, Ambifiksy i drugie zveri, v: VAProsy jazykoznanija: mega­sbornik nanostatej k jubileju V. A. Plungjana, red. A. A. Kibrik i dr., Moskva: «Buki-Vedi», 2020, 35–42.]

Беляев 2014 = О. И. Беляев, Осетинский язык как язык с двухпадежной системой: групповая флексия и другие парадоксы падежного маркирования, Вопросы языкознания 2014, 6, 31–65.

[O. I. Beljaev, Osetinskij jazyk kak jazyk s dvuhpadežnoj sistemoj: gruppovaja fleksija i drugie paradoksy padežnogo markirovanija, Voprosy jazykoznanija 2014, 6, 31–65.]

Кибрик 1977 = А. Е. Кибрик, Опыт структурного описания арчинского языка II: таксономическая грамматика, Москва: Изд-во Московского университета, 1977.

[A. E. Kibrik, Opyt strukturnogo opisanija arčinskogo jazyka II: taksonomičeskaja grammatika, Moskva: Izd-vo Moskovskogo universiteta, 1977.]

Кибрик 2001 = А. Е. Кибрик (ред.), Багвалинский язык. Грамматика. Тексты. Словарь, Москва: «Наследие», 2001.

[A. E. Kibrik (red.), Bagvalinskij jazyk. Grammatika. Teksty. Slovar’, Moskva: «Nasledie», 2001.]

Клычев 1995 = Р. Н. Клычев, Словарь сочетаемости локальных превербов с суффиксоидами и глагольными корнями в абазинском языке, Черкесск: Карачаево-черкесское книжное издательство, 1995.

[R. N. Klyčev, Slovar’ sočetaemosti lokal’nyh preverbov s suffiksoidami i glagol’nymi kornjami v abazinskom jazyke, Čerkessk: Karačaevo-čerkesskoe knižnoe izdatel’stvo, 1995.]

Комри et al. 2015 = Б. Комри – М. Ш. Халилов – З. М. Халилова, Грамматика бежтинского языка I: фонетика, морфология, Лейпциг: Институт эволюционной антропологии им. Макса Планка – Махачкала: Институт языка, литературы и истории им. Г. Цадасы, 2015.

[B. Comrie – M. Š. Halilov – Z. M. Halilova, Grammatika bežtinskogo jazyka I: fonetika, morfologija, Lejpcig: Institut èvoljucionnoj antropologii im. Maksa Planka – Mahačkala: Institut jazyka, literatury i istorii im. G. Cadasy, 2015.]

Кумахов 1964= М. А. Кумахов, Морфология адыгских языков: синхронно-диахронная характеристика I: введение, структура слова, словообразование частей речи, Нальчик: Кабардино-балкарское книжное издательство, 1964.

[M. A. Kumahov, Morfologija adygskih jazykov: sinhronno-diahronnaja harakteristika I: vvedenie, struktura slova, slovoobrazovanie častej reči, Nal’čik: Kabardino-balkarskoe knižnoe izdatel’stvo, 1964.]

Кумахов 1974= М. А. Кумахов, К проблеме аблаута в абхазо-адыгских языках, Ежегодник иберийско-кавказского языкознания 1 (1974), 80–90.

[M. A. Kumahov, K probleme ablauta v abhazo-adygskih jazykah, Ežegodnik iberijsko-kavkazskogo jazykoznanija 1 (1974), 80–90.]

Ландер 2012 = Ю. А. Ландер, Релятивизация в полисинтетическом языке: адыгейские относительные конструкции в типологической перспективе, диссертация ... кандидата филологических наук, Москва, РГГУ, 2012.

[Ju. A. Lander, Reljativizacija v polisintetičeskom jazyke: adygejskie otnositel’nye konstrukcii v tipologičeskoj perspektive, dissertacija ... kandidata filologičeskih nauk, Moskva, RGGU, 2012.]

Ломтатидзе 1983 = К. В. Ломтатидзе, Основные типы локальных превербов в абхазском и абазинском языках, в: Система превербов и послелогов в иберийско-кавказских языках, отв. ред. Н. Т. Табулова – Р. Х. Темирова, Черкесск: Карачаево-черкесский НИИ истории, филологии и экономики, 1983, 10–13.

[K. V. Lomtatidze, Osnovnye tipy lokal’nyh preverbov v abhazskom i abazinskom jazy­kah, v: Sistema preverbov i poslelogov v iberijsko-kavkazskih jazykah, otv. red. N. T. Tabulova – R. H. Temirova, Čerkessk: Karačaevo-Čerkesskij NII istorii, filologii i èkonomiki, 1983, 10–13.]

Лютикова 2017 = Е. А. Лютикова, Падежная морфология, синтаксические категории и проблема классификации падежей, Acta linguistica Petropolitana 13.1 (2017), 650–679.

[E. A. Ljutikova, Padežnaja morfologija, sintaksičeskie kategorii i problema klassifikacii padežej, Acta linguistica Petropolitana 13.1 (2017), 650–679.]

Махмудова 2001 = С. М. Махмудова, Морфология рутульского языка, Москва: Институт языкознания РАН, 2001.

[S. M. Mahmudova, Morfologija rutul’skogo jazyka, Moskva: Institut jazykoznanija RAN, 2001.]

НКъ 2007 = Нарт къэбархэр = Нартские сказания, Майкоп: Качество, 2007.

[Nart qebarxer = Nartskie skazanija, Majkop: Kačestvo, 2007.]

Пазов 2019= С. У. Пазов, Усилительно-подтвердительная частица гь(ы)- и особенности её употребления в структуре отрицательного глагола в абазинском языке, в: Кавказская филология: история и перспективы: к 90-летию Мухадина Абубекировича Кумахова: сборник научных статей, отв. ред. Б. Ч. Бижоев, Нальчик: Институт гуманитарных исследований, 2019, 219–225.

[S. U. Pazov, Usilitel’no-podtverditel’naja častica g’(y)- i osobennosti eё upotreblenija v strukture otricatel’nogo glagola v abazinskom jazyke, v: Kavkazskaja filologija: istorija i perspektivy: k 90-letiju Muhadina Abubekiroviča Kumahova: sbornik naučnyh statej, otv. red. B. Č. Bižoev, Nal’čik: Institut gumanitarnyh issledovanij, 2019, 219–225.]

Рогава – Керашева 1966 = Г. В. Рогава – З. И. Керашева, Грамматика адыгейского языка, Краснодар – Майкоп: Краснодарское книжное издательство, 1966.

[G. V. Rogava – Z. I. Keraševa, Grammatika adygejskogo jazyka, Krasnodar – Majkop: Krasnodarskoe knižnoe izdatel’stvo, 1966.]

Сулайбанов – Сумбатова 2022 = Г. Р. Сулайбанов – Н. Р. Сумбатова, Об одном типоло­гическом раритете: каузатив в цугнинском говоре даргинского языка, Вопросы языко­знания 2022, 3, 109–131.

[G. R. Sulajbanov – N. R. Sumbatova, Ob odnom tipolo­gičeskom raritete: kauzativ v cugninskom govore darginskogo jazyka, Voprosy jazykoznanija 2022, 3, 109–131.]

Сумбатова 2009= Н. Р. Сумбатова, Коммуникативная структура адыгейского предложения: перспектива и фокус, в: Аспекты полисинтетизма: очерки по грамматике адыгейского языка, отв. ред. Я. Г. Тестелец, Москва: Изд-во РГГУ, 2009, 559–611.

[N. R. Sumbatova, Kommunikativnaja struktura adygejskogo predloženija: perspektiva i fokus, v: Aspekty polisintetizma: očerki po grammatike adygejskogo jazyka, otv. red. Ja. G. Testelec, Moskva: Izd-vo RGGU, 2009, 559–611.]

Тестелец 2019= Я. Г. Тестелец, Грамматика косвенности в дагестанских языках, презентация на международной конференции «Кавказские языки: типология и диахрония» памяти М. Е. Алексеева, Москва, 24 октября 2019 г.

[Ja. G. Testelec, Grammatika kosvennosti v dagestanskih jazykah, prezentacija na meždunarodnoj konferencii «Kavkazskie jazyki: tipologija i diahronija» pamjati M. E. Alekseeva, Moskva, 24 oktjabrja 2019 g.]

Objavljeno

2022-09-27 — posodobljeno 2022-09-28

Verzije

Kako citirati

Arkadiev, P. (2022). Morfologija kavkaških jezikov: tipološki pregled. Jezikoslovni Zapiski, 28(1), 7–38. https://doi.org/10.3986/JZ.28.1.01 (Original work published 27. september 2022)

Številka

Rubrike

Razprave in članki