Halofitska vegetacija v jugovzhodni Bolgariji in ob obali Črnega morja

Rossen Tzonev, Tatiana Lysenko, Chavdar Gussev, Petar Zhelev

Povzetek

V članku so predstavljeni rezultati sintaksonomske analize zeliščnih fitocenoz slanih step, travišč in močvirij v jugovzhodni Bolgariji in ob južni črnomorski obali. Halofitska vegetacija je najbolj pogosta v nižini Tundzha in v velikih slanih jezerih ob obali Črnega morja, kjer slana tla zavzemajo velika območja. Večina obravnavanih sintaksonov je dobro znanih in splošno razširjenih v srednji in vzhodni Evropi (Salicornietum prostratae, Suaedetum maritimae, Juncetum maritimae itd.), nekaj pa je posebnih vegetacijskih tipov, ki jih predstavljajo endemične asociacije Petrosimonio brachiatae-Puccinellietum convolutae, Bupleuro tenuissimae-Camphorosmetum monspeliacae. Najbolj razširjena je združba, ki jo uvrščamo v asociacijo Diantho pallidiflori-Puccinellietum convolutae, za katero je značilna velika variabilnost v videzu in dominantni strukturi. Primerjava halofitske vegetacije iz Bolgarije je pokazala podobnosti z vegetacijskimi tipi, razširjenimi v vzhodnem Sredozemlju ter srednji in vzhodni Evropi.

Ključne besede

halofitska vegetacija, sintaksonomija, slanišča, NATURA 2000, Bolgarija

Celotno besedilo:

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