Relationships between vegetation of Macedonian pine (Pinus peuce Griseb.) and different types of soils on which it develops

Authors

  • Dejan Mandžukovski Public enterprise “Nacionalni šumi”, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Aco Teofilovski Public enterprise “Nacionalni šumi”, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Marjan Andreevski Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Institute of Agriculture, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Renata Ćušterevska Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Institute of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Rossen Tzonev Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Biology, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridsky”, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Marius Dimitrov Department of Dendrology, Faculty of Forestry, Forestry University, Sofia, Bulgaria

Keywords:

vegetation, Macedonian pine, soil, mechanical and chemical properties, Ellenberg indicator values, Braun-Blanquet approach

Abstract

This paper deals with relationships between vegetation of Macedonian pine (Pinus peuce Griseb.) and soils developed on different parent materials on the territory of the Republic of North Macedonia. We analysed the floristic composition of its communities at localities on limestone, on scree of dolomite marble and on scree of silicate (glaciofluvial deposit). On limestone and scree of dolomite marble, rendzinas on hard limestone and dolomite have developed, and on silicate parent material brown forest soils – (cambisols). The vegetation was sampled according to the Braun-Blanquet approach. Detrended correspondence analysis (DCA) and Ellenberg’s indicator values were used for ecological interpretation of the vegetation patterns. The mechanical and chemical properties of soil and textural classes were also processed. An evident increased presence of carbonates in the soil of scree of dolomite marble on Nidže Mountain was observed, unlike that on Shar Mountain which has formed on typical limestone. Although it is a forest community dominated by the same species, differences between the massifs, the precipitation regime, geology, differences in soil properties in relation to the appearance of carbonates and pH values, and other factors, result in differences in their floristic composition and are the reason for the distinction between the two groups. On silicate terrain on Nidže Mountain, Macedonian pine forests have also developed on brown forest soils (cambisols), with a different floristic composition to that of the other group on different parent material - carbonate (dolomite and limestone).

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Published

2022-01-04

How to Cite

Mandžukovski, D., Teofilovski, A., Andreevski, M., Ćušterevska, R., Tzonev, R. and Dimitrov, M. (2022) “Relationships between vegetation of Macedonian pine (Pinus peuce Griseb.) and different types of soils on which it develops”, Hacquetia, 21(1), pp. 89–106. Available at: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/9540 (Accessed: 28 May 2022).

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