https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/issue/feed Hacquetia 2020-06-20T11:50:54+02:00 Urban Šilc urban@zrc-sazu.si Open Journal Systems <p><em>Hacquetia</em> is a science journal, founded in 2002, bearing on Taxonomy, Floristics, Faunistic, Vegetation ecology, Biocoenology and Palynology with a geographical focus on Southeastern Europe, although more general topics from all over the world are also invited.</p> <p>Print ISSN: 1581-4661<br>Online ISSN: 1854-9829</p> https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/7622 Challenges and conservation implications of Polylepis woodlands in the Andean region: Defining actions for sustainable management 2020-06-16T14:51:19+02:00 Juan Pinos jpinos@uazuay.edu.ec <p>Polylepis species represent one of the most important and endemic woodlands of the mid- and high-elevation regions of the Andean Cordillera. I provide a review of the current situation of Polylepis woodlands, discuss the potential effects of various conservation measures and consider the likely impact of climate change on tree phenology and tree regeneration, aiming to foster the conservation and sustainable management of these woodlands through proper environmental planning. I argue that in addition to the delineation and extension of protected areas, it is essential to incorporate actions such as forestation, forest policies, environmental education and local community participation. To be effective, conservation measures should be implemented in an international transdisciplinary research framework and in harmony with site-specific conditions. Finally, given the likely but uncertain influences of climate change on Polylepis woodlands, further research (and communication of that research) is needed to improve forest management strategies and research priorities for the Andean region.</p> 2020-03-01T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ZRC-SAZU https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/7966 Plant communities of moist rock crevices with endemic Primula carniolica in the (sub)montane belt of western Slovenia 2020-06-16T10:20:10+02:00 Igor Dakskobler igor.dakskobler@zrc-sazu.si Andrej Martinčič andrej.martincic@siol.net <p>Based on our analysis of a large number of relevés of communities of moist rock crevices in western Slovenia (southern Julian Alps, northern part of the Trnovski Gozd Plateau) we described several new syntaxa with the endemic <em>Primula carniolica</em>. The most unique in terms of ecology is a hygrophilous chasmophytic community classified into the association <em>Astrantio carniolicae-Primuletum carniolicae</em>, which served, together with similar hygrophilous associations <em>Astrantio carniolicae-Pinguiculetum alpinae</em> and <em>Campanulo cespitosae-Saxifragetum aizoidis, </em>associations <em>Phyteumato columnae-Primuletum carniolicae</em> and<em> Primulo carniolicae-Potentilletum clusianae, </em>and the subassociation <em>Primuletum carniolicae violetosum biflorae, </em>as the basis for the description of the new suballiance <em>Astrantio carniolicae-Paederotenion luteae</em> within the alliance <em>Physoplexido comosae-Saxifragion petraeae.</em> The elevational range of chasmophytic communities with the Natura 2000 species <em>Primula carniolica</em> is 200 to 1460 m a.s.l. Chasmophytic species that most commonly accompany <em>Primula carniolica</em> include <em>Orthothecium rufescens</em>, <em>Paederota lutea</em>, <em>Phyteuma schuechzeri</em> subsp. <em>columnae</em>, <em>Sesleria caerulea</em> and <em>Aster bellidiastrum</em>.</p> 2020-04-06T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ZRC-SAZU https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/7974 Forest vegetation diversity of Slivenska Mountain (eastern Stara planina, Bulgaria) 2020-06-16T10:20:11+02:00 Alexandra Alexandrova a.v.alexandrova@abv.bg Marius Dimitrov mariusdimitrov@ltu.bg Kiril Vassilev kiril5914@abv.bg Desislava Sopotlieva desislava.sopotlieva@iber.bas.bg Hristo Pedashenko hristo_pedashenko@yahoo.com Alexander Tashev altashev@abv.bg <p>This study deals with the diversity of forest vegetation in the Slivenska Mountain (Eastern Stara planina) and presents a contemporary classification scheme for the identified syntaxa. A total of 137 relevés were collected and analyzed using specialized software (JUICE 7.0 and PC-ORD Version 4). As a result, forest vegetation is classified into 10 associations, 3 subassociations, 4 variants and 5 communities They belong to 7 alliances, 5 orders and 3 classes: <em>Carpino-Fagetea sylvaticae,</em> <em>Quercetea pubescentis</em> and <em>Alno glutinosae-Populetea albae</em>. The recorded 18 distinguished vegetation groups show a relatively high diversity of forest plant communities of the study area.</p> 2020-04-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ZRC-SAZU https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/8592 Two new mesophilous oriental hornbeam communities from the northern Dinaric Alps (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 2020-06-16T10:20:12+02:00 Vladimir Stupar stuparvladimir@gmail.com Jugoslav Brujić jugoslav.brujic@sf.unibl.org Ognjen Lukić ognjen.lukic94@gmail.com <p>The paper describes two new mesophilous communities of oriental hornbeam (<em>Carpinus orientalis</em>) scrub from the northern Dinaric Alps in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&amp;H). While oriental hornbeam is mainly considered to be a part of thermophilous forests and scrub, numerical analysis of 103 relevés of <em>C. orientalis</em> dominated scrub from B&amp;H has shown that two new, rather mesophilous, communities thrive on calcareous bedrock of NW B&amp;H. They are mainly coppices that present secondary successional stages of mesotermic forest vegetation in this region. Association&nbsp; <em>Epimedio alpini-</em><em>Carpinetum </em><em>orientalis</em> ass. nova hoc loco is related to Illyrian oak-hornbeam forests of <em>Erythronio-Carpinion betuli</em>, while <em>Asplenio scolopendrii-Carpinetum orientalis</em> ass. nova hoc loco is linked to Balkan submediterranean ravine forests of <em>Ostryo-Tilion</em>. Although these two associations were recorded only in the NW B&amp;H, their distribution is potentially larger, as their source communities are relatively common throughout the Dinaric Alps, so the information about their distribution, vertical structure, and syndynamic relations could be very useful in a national scale forest management and nature conservation.</p> 2020-06-06T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ZRC-SAZU https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/7379 A Mediterranean element of the vegetation: Junco maritimi-Cladietum marisci – a new association for Ukraine 2020-06-16T10:20:12+02:00 Anastasia Davydova anasta3kz@gmail.com <p><em>Cladium mariscus</em> (L.) Pohl (Cyperaceae) is a rare species in Europe considered by several authors to be a relict of the early Holocene period. It is listed in the Red Data Book of Ukraine, Annexes of the Habitat Directive and the Bern Convention. Communities with domination of this species are included in the Green Data Book of Ukraine. Substantial differences in major ecological factors for <em>Cladium mariscus</em> communities in the western (carbonate bogs) and the southern (marshes and floating swamps of the northern Black Sea) regions of Ukraine were shown. The author carried out comparisons of relevés characterizing different communities with <em>Cladium mariscus</em> within Europe. Based on the results of TWINSPAN analysis, four associations were identified, confirmed by floristic indices and ecological data: <em>Cladietum marisci</em> Allorge 1921, <em>Soncho maritimi-Cladietum marisci </em>(Br.-Bl. &amp; O. de Bolòs 1957) Cirujano 1980,<em> Dorycnio recti-Cladietum marisci</em> Gradstein &amp; Smittenberg 1977 and <em>Junco maritimi-Cladietum marisci</em> (Br.-Bl. &amp; O. de Bolòs 1957) Géhu &amp; Biondi 1988. Thus, in addition to the association <em>Cladietum marisci</em>, a new one was indicated for Ukraine, <em>Junco maritimi-Cladietum marisci</em>.</p> 2020-05-22T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ZRC-SAZU https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/7662 Morphological and phenological shifts in the Plantago lanceolata L. species as linked to climate change over the past 100 years 2020-06-16T10:20:12+02:00 Svitlana Igorivna Prokhorova s.boyko.prokh@gmail.com Maxym Victorovych Netsvetov disfleur76@live.fr <p>Herbarium collections have proven to be irreplaceable information base in recent studies directed towards revealing shifts in plants phenology and morphology caused by climate change. We examined eight parameters of morphological traits in the perennial herb species <em>Plantago lanceolata</em> L. collected in the wild between 1905 and 2019 and stored at the KW-herbarium (Kyiv, Ukraine) to find out if there were changes in plants' organ sizes during the last 114 years. For this period, we also calculated 13 climatic parameters obtained from meteorological records from the State archive that gave us the opportunity to check if there are any relations between the climate change in Kyiv region and shifts in morphological parameters of plants. Our results have shown <em>Plantago lanceolata</em> leaf blades, petioles and spikes had become significantly longer with time, increasing 3.0cm, 2.1cm and 0.6cm respectively. The Co-inertia analysis revealed that 34% of the morphological changes was attributed to climate change. The analysis also demonstrated that leaf length correlated more with raised temperatures when plants were in flower, while spike length depended on the temperatures during bud development. Received knowledge can be used to reveal rapid evolutionary processes of the <em>Plantago</em> species and predicting their further course for the construction of historical climate models based on the leaves traits.</p> 2020-04-08T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ZRC-SAZU https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/7788 Conservation assessment and action on Lotus sanguineus (Fabaceae), a critically endangered species endemic to Turkey 2020-06-16T10:20:13+02:00 Ümit Subaşi subasi_umit@hotmail.com Fatoş Şekercıler fatos_sekerciler87@hotmail.coM Mecit Vural mecitvural@gmail.com <p><em>Lotus</em> <em>sanguineus</em> is one of the endemic taxa from Turkey in the Mediterranean Regions<em>. </em>It has hitherto been known from type locality and was assessed under VU and EN categories despite the lack of information population size, location number and habitat quality. This study aims to determine the global conservation status and conservation strategies of the narrow endemic species. We collected all available data and evaluated them with the field studies. We reported the sizes of populations, altitude, coordinates, habitat types and the threats it faces for each locality. GeoCAT analyses at global levels indicate extent of occurrence 19.965 km<sup>2 </sup>and area of occupancy 9 km<sup>2</sup> and there could be an inferred decline due to habitat loss and fragmentation of the original population, suggesting this species might be classified as Critically Endangered, based on criterium B1ab (i, ii, iii) + 2ab (i, ii, iii) in the Red List categorization. Conservation priorities identified include life history and ecology studies, in-situ conservation, population monitoring and ex-situ conservation to prevent the destruction of the existing gene pool.</p> 2020-03-20T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ZRC-SAZU https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/7024 Genetic and morphological variability in medicinal plant Helichrysum oocephalum Boiss. (Asteraceae) in Iran 2020-06-16T10:20:13+02:00 Mobina Abaszade mobina.abaszade@gmail.com Masoud Sheidai msheidai@yahoo.com Narges Azizi hacquetia@gmail.com Fahimeh Koohdar f_koohdar@yahoo.com <p class="Body"><em>Helichrysum oocephalum</em> is a medicinal plant of the genus <em>Helichrysum</em> that grows in limited area in Iran. This species is used by locals and therefore, it faces a negative selection pressure and should be protected. For plant genetic conservation, we need detailed data on population genetic variability and structure. Moreover, local geographical populations may differ in their genetic content and form different gene pools. Therefore, we carried out population genetic investigation and morphological studies in five geographical populations of <em>Helichrysum oocephalum</em> that are distributed in Markazi-Khorasan and Razavi-Khorasan provinces. Sixty-eight plant specimens were collected and used for morphological and population genetic studies by using ISSR molecular markers. AMOVA produced significant genetic difference (PhiPT = 0.196, P = 0.010) and revealed that, 80% of total genetic variation was due to within population diversity and 20% was due to among population genetic differentiation. Gst (0.218, P = 0.001), Hedrick<sup>,</sup> standardised fixation index (G'st = 0.233, P = 0.001) and Jost<sup>,</sup> differentiation index (D-est = 0.06, P = 0.001), revealed that the studied populations are genetically differentiated. Evanno test performed on STRUCTURE analysis and K-Means clustering produced optimum number of k = 2. These results indicated that we have 2 genetic groups in the studied populations. Morphometric study revealed two major clusters and revealed that populations 1 and 2 are different from the other studied populations. The present findings may be of use in conservation of this medicinal plant in Iran.</p> 2020-03-02T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ZRC-SAZU https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/8546 Phymosia (Malvaceae) a new recorded genus for the flora of Africa, with nomenclatural notes on some names 2020-06-16T10:20:13+02:00 Duilio Iamonico d.iamonico@yahoo.it Ridha El Mokni ridha.elmokni@fphm.rnu.tn <p>As part of ongoing studies of Tunisian Malvaceae, a population of <em>Phymosia umbellata</em> was discovered in Monastir city. It represents the first generic record for the national and continental flora. Morphological characters, as well as ecological data are given. A list of all the accepted names in <em>Phymosia</em>, their synonyms and types is also provided, with nomenclatural notes about some accepted <em>Phymosia </em>species are provided.</p> 2020-04-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ZRC-SAZU https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/8552 Amaryllis belladonna L. (Amaryllidaceae; Amaryllidoideae), first record as naturalised geophyte in Tunisia and North Africa 2020-06-16T10:20:13+02:00 Ridha El Mokni riridah@hotmail.com Salvatore Pasta salvatorepasta45@gmail.com Davide Pacifico davide.pacifico@ibbr.cnr.it <p><em>Amaryllis belladonna</em> L. is recorded for the first time as a naturalized non-native geophyte of the Tunisian and N-African flora. Distribution and habitat, brief morphological description, as well as taxonomic notes, are provided. Original photographs are also given.</p> 2020-05-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ZRC-SAZU https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/7375 Identifying habitat use of Ursus arctos, Lynx lynx martinoi and Canis lupus lupus in Albanian forests using occupancy modelling 2020-06-20T11:50:54+02:00 Kuenda Laze m1.laze@outlook.com <p>Forests are the principal terrestrial ecosystem for protected and endangered large carnivores, providing the main habitat for species maintenance and survival. Changes in forest cover influence species distribution. The aim was (1) to test hypotheses on the natural environmental (abiotic) and biological (biotic) factors and human disturbances that determine the colonization and local extinction of three large carnivore species in relation to forest cover, (2) to infer the biotic interactions between these three large carnivore species occupying the same forested areas in Albania. Colonization is estimated to be positively affected by forest cover for brown bear, Balkan lynx and grey wolf. Brown bear and grey wolf tend to compete for the same forested areas. Local extinction increased with decreasing forest cover for brown bear and increased with decreasing mixed broadleaved forests for Balkan lynx. Anthropological variables (proximity to villages and to neighbourhood roads) increased local extinction for brown bear, grey wolf and Balkan lynx. Further studies are recommended for better understanding biotic interactions of large carnivore species in forest habitats in Albania and its neighbouring countries, which could contribute to conservation of large carnivore species on a large scale.</p> 2020-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ZRC-SAZU