Phytosociology, ecology and conservation status of Salvia brachyodon (Lamiaceae), a narrow endemic of Eastern Adriatic


  • Dijana Kosič Celovška cesta 30, SI–1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Emina Zečić Marka Marulića 2B, 71 000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Manica Balant Institut Botànic de Barcelona, Passeig del Migdia s.n., 08038 Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain
  • Peter Glasnović Faculty of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Information Technologies, University of Primorska, Glagoljaška 8, S-6000 Koper, Slovenia
  • Živa Fišer Faculty of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Information Technologies, University of Primorska, Glagoljaška 8, S-6000 Koper, Slovenia
  • Mihailo Jovičević Environment Programme, Baku 22, 81 000 Podgorica
  • Ivan Radosavljević University of Zagreb, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Division of Botany, Marulićev trg 9A, HR, 10000, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Boštjan Surina Natural History Museum Rijeka, Croatia


phytosociology, ecology, Mediterranean, endangered species, Salvia, Lamiaceae, IUCN, correspondence analysis


We studied the site ecology of Salvia brachyodon (Lamiaceae), a narrow endemic of the eastern Adriatic, which is now restricted to only three sites, using the sigmatistic method and numerical analyses. Four floristically and ecologically well-defined groups of stands, representing different syntaxa, were identified, corresponding to the sampling sites. The majority of stands represent dry eastern (sub)Mediterranean rocky grasslands at different successional stages towards (sub)Mediterranean forest vegetation. Compared to the evolutionary and ecologically closely related and sympatric S. officinalis, the morphologically easily distinguishable S. brachyodon differs in its flowering phenology and prefers relatively cooler, wetter, deeper and nutrient richer soils, which are developed on dolomite or dolomitic limestone at higher elevated sites. Despite its ability to cope with interspecific competition by means of clonal reproduction better than its congener, the populations are severely threatened by abandonment of traditional land use and by fires, making the species endangered (EN) according to IUCN criteria.


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How to Cite

Kosič, D., Zečić, E., Balant, M., Glasnović, P., Fišer, Živa, Jovičević, M., Radosavljević, I., & Surina, B. (2020). Phytosociology, ecology and conservation status of Salvia brachyodon (Lamiaceae), a narrow endemic of Eastern Adriatic. Hacquetia, 20(1), 91–106. Retrieved from




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