Zveze Arrhenatherion, Cynosurion in Trifolion medii v zahodni Bolgariji – rastiščni gradient in ekološke omejitve

Nikolay Velev, Iva Apostolova, Zuzana Rozbrojová, Petra Hájková

Povzetek

Proučevali smo vegetacijo mezofilnih travnikov razširjeno v srednjem delu zahodne Bolgarije. Naredili smo pomembno veliko število (553) popisov po Braun-Blanquetovem pristopu in jih analizirali s klasifikacijo in ordinacijo. Vegetacijo smo nato uvrstili do nivoja zveze. Rezultat klasifikacije so štiri skupine, ki odgovarjajo zvezam Arrhenatherion elatioris, Cynosurion cristati in Trifolion medii. Znotraj zveze Cynosurion smo izločili dve posebni skupini popisov, ki se ločita po vlažnosti tal in ju provizorno imenujemo “vlažni” in “suhi” Cynosurion. Za opis ekologije rastišč smo uporabili Ellenbergove Indikatorske Vrednosti. Komentirali smo tudi gospodarjenje obravnavanih vegetacijskih tipov s košnjo oziroma pašo.

Ključne besede

Arrhenatherion, Bolgarija, klasifikacija, Cynosurion, formalne definicije, mezofilni travniki, ordinacija, Trifolion medii

Celotno besedilo:

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