Raznolikost poplavnih gozdov v Igneadi (SZ Trakija – Turčija)

Ali KAVGACI, Andraž ČARNI, Hüseyin Bariş TECİMEN, Gülen ÖZALP

Povzetek

V delu obravnavamo vegetacijo poplavnih gozdov v Igneadi (SZ Trakija – Turčija). Opravili smo 69 popisov gozdov, ki se pojavljajo na mokrih, vlažnih in mezofilnih rastiščih. Gozdna vegetacija je razdeljena na pet skupin (asociacij), ki predstavljajo raznolikost teh gozdov v regiji. Na dobro namočenih rastiščih se pojavljajo gozdovi, kjer dominirata vrsti Alnus glutinosa in Fraxinus angustifolia; na mokrih in bogatih rastiščih najdemo gozdove vrst Ulmus laevis in Fraxinus angustifolia, na namočenih, vendar manj bogatih se pojavljajo gozdovi vrst Ulmus minor in Fraxinus angustifolia; na vlažnih rastiščih uspevajo gozdovi vrst Fraxinus angustifolia in Carpinus betulus, gozdovi vrste Carpinus betulus pa uspevajo na mezofilnih rastiščih. Ekološke razmere so bile opredeljene z bioindikatorskimi vrednostmi, gradient vlažnosti pa je predstavljen na podlagi numeričnih analiz. Primerjava obsega tudi bogastvo vrst različnih združb in njihovo geoelementno sestavo. Predlagana je tudi sintaskonomsko uvrstitev obravnavanih združb: Leucojo aestivi-Fraxinetum angustifoliae, Fraxino angustifoliae- Ulmetum laevis, Smilaco excelsae-Fraxinetum angustifoliae (Alno-Quercion roboris, Populetalia albae) in Geranio robertiani-Carpinetum betuli, Trachystemo orientalis-Carpinetum betuli (Castaneo-Carpinion betuli, Rhododendro pontici-Fagetalia orientalis) vse v okviru razreda Querco-Fagetea.

Ključne besede

azonalen, bogastvo vrst, flora, geoelement, gradient, hranila, vegetacija, oskrba z voda, zonalen

Celotno besedilo:

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Literatura

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