How the state legitimizes national development projects: The Third Development Axis case study, Slovenia

  • Maruša Goluža Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Anton Melik Geographical Institute https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2011-1547
  • Maruška Šubic-Kovač University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Drago Kos University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • David Bole Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Anton Melik Geographical Institute https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2773-0583
Keywords: deliberative governance, post-political spatial planning, qualitative research, citizen participation, transportation planning

Abstract

We analyzed planning mechanisms and evaluated their performance in achieving legitimacy in infrastructure planning in Slovenia. Planning mechanisms were divided according to the concept of input, throughput and output legitimacy. We conducted a document analysis and interviews to assess their effectiveness in achieving legitimate decisions. Although the analyzed decision-making process declaratively promoted democratic principles, the mechanisms failed to satisfactorily enhance the legitimacy of decisions. The study revealed inadequate communication approaches, both in the decision-makers' relationship with the public and within the expert discourse. Accordingly, the study argues for more genuine communication with the public and within academia to address legitimacy challenges in increasingly conflictual decision-making processes.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alexander, E. R. 2002. The public interest in planning. From legitimation to substantive plan evaluation. Planning Theory 1-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/147309520200100303

Arnstein, S. 1969 . A ladder of citizen participation. Journal of the American Planning Association 35-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01944366908977225

Bekkers, V., Dijkstra, G., Fenger, M. 2007. Governance and the democratic deficit. Assessing the democratic legitimacy. London, New York. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315585451

Centrih, L. 2014. The road to collapse. The demise of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia. Research Paper Series of Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung Southeast Europe 2. Internet: https://arhiv.rosalux.rs/en/artikl.php?id=410 (4.7.2021)

Decree on the national spatial plan for the construction of the national road from the A1 Šentilj–Koper motorway ramp at Šentrupert to the Velenje-south ramp. Uradni list Republike Slovenije 3/2017. Ljubljana.

Directive 2001/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 June 2001 on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment. Official Journal 197, 21. 7. 2001.

Directive 2011/92/EU of the European parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment. Official Journal 26, 28. 1. 2012.

Flyvbjerg, B. 1998. Rationality and power. Democracy in practice. Chicago.

Flyvbjerg, B. 2006. Five misunderstandings about case-study research. Qualitative Inquiry 12-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1077800405284363

Flyvbjerg, B., Bruzelius, N., Rothengatter, W. 2003. Megaprojects and risk. An anatomy of ambition. Cambridge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107050891

Flyvbjerg, B., Richardson, T. 2003. Planning and Foucault. In search of the dark side of planning theory. Planning Futures. New Directions for Planning Theory. London, New York.

Forester, J. 1984. Bounded rationality and the politics of muddling through. Public Administration Review 44-1.

Forester, J. 1993. Critical theory, public policy, and planning practice. Toward a critical pragmatism. Albany.

Forester, J. 1999. The deliberative practitioner. Encouraging participatory planning processes. Cambridge.

Forester, J. 2009. Dealing with differences. Dramas of mediating public disputes. Oxford, New York.

Goluža, M. 2020. Planning major transport infrastructure. Benefits and limitations of the participatory decision-making processes. Participatory research and planning in practice. The Urban Book Series. Cham. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-28014-7_12

Hafner Fink, M. 2012. Political participation, democratisation and citizens’ values in Europe. Teorija in praksa 49-3.

Healey, P. 1996. The communicative turn in planning theory and its implications for spatial strategy formation. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 23-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1068/b230217

Healey, P. 1997. Collaborative planning. Shaping places in fragmented societies. London. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-25538-2

Healey, P. 2003. Collaborative planning in perspective. Planning Theory 2-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/14730952030022002

Hillier, J. 2003. `Agon'izing over consensus. Why Habermasian ideals cannot be `real'. Planning Theory 2-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1473095203002001005

Inch, A. 2015. Ordinary citizens and the political cultures of planning. In search of the subject of a new democratic ethos. Planning Theory 14-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1473095214536172

Innes, I. E., Booher, D. E. 2010. Planning with complexity. An introduction to collaborative rationality for public policy. London, New York. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315147949

Innes, J. E. 1996. Planning through consensus building. A new view of the comprehensive planning ideal. Journal of the American Planning Association 62-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01944369608975712

Kos, D. 2002. Praktična sociologija za načrtovalce in urejevalce prostora. Ljubljana.

Lieberherr, E., Thomann, E. 2020. Linking throughput and output legitimacy in Swiss forest policy implementation. Policy Sciences 53. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11077-020-09374-3

Marega, M., Kos, D. 2002. Aarhuška konvencija v Sloveniji. Strokovna priporočila za implementacijo Konvencije o dostopu do informacij, udeležbi javnosti pri odločanju in dostopu do pravnega varstva v okoljskih zadevah. Ljubljana. Internet: http://web.bf.uni-lj.si/students/vnd/knjiznica/aarhuska/strokovna_priporocila.pdf (10.8.2021).

Marinova, D. M. 2011. When government fails us. Trust in post-socialist civil organizations. Democratization 18-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2011.532623

Nared, J., Razpotnik Visković, N., Cremer-Schulte, D., Brozzi, R., Cortines Garcia, F. 2015. Achieving sustainable spatial development in the Alps through participatory planning. Acta geographica Slovenica 55-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/AGS.1631

Odločba o ugotovitvi, da Uredba o državnem prostorskem načrtu za državno cesto od priključka Šentrupert na avtocesti A1 Šentilj–Koper do priključka Velenje jug ni v neskladju z Ustavo. Uradni list Republike Slovenije 36/2019. Ljubljana.

Odlok o strategiji prostorskega razvoja Slovenije. Uradni list Republike Slovenije 76/2004. Ljubljana.

Plant, R. 1982: Jurgen Habermas and the idea of legitimation crisis. European Journal of Political Research 10.

Poljak Istenič, S., Kozina, J. 2020. Participatory planning in a post-socialist urban context. Experience from five cities in Central and Eastern Europe. Participatory Research and Planning in Practice. The Urban Book Series. Cham. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-28014-7_3

Pop-Eleches, G., Tucker, J. A. 2013. Associated with the past? Communist legacies and civic participation in post-communist countries. East European Politics and Societies 27-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0888325412465087

Poročilo medresorske delovne skupine za evalvacijo dosedanjih postopkov pri prostorskem umeščanju državne ceste od priključka na avtocesti A1 pri Šentrupertu do priključka Velenje jug. Predlog za obravnavo, številka: 350-72/2010/197-0034188. 2011. Generalni sekretariat Vlade Republike Slovenije. Ljubljana, 2011.

Pravilnik o vsebini, obliki in načinu priprave državnih in občinskih lokacijskih načrtov ter vrstah njihovih strokovnih podlag. Uradni list Republike Slovenije 99/2007. Ljubljana.

Predhodne analize in določitev alternative za nadaljnje vrednotenje in primerjavo. DARS. Ljubljana, 2008.

Projekt celovitega razvoja območja tretje razvojne osi. Zvezek 1. Zbirno poročilo. Služba Vlade Republike Slovenije za lokalno samoupravo in regionalno politiko in Ministrstvo za okolje in proctor. Ljubljana, 2007.

Resolucija o nacionalnem programu izgradnje avtocest v Republiki Sloveniji. Uradni list Republike Slovenije 50/2004. Ljubljana.

Rittel, H. W. J., Webber, M. M. 1973. Dilemmas in a general theory of planning. Policy Science 4. DOI: 1 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01405730

Sager, T. 1999. The rationality issue in land‐use planning. Journal of Management History 5-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/13552529910249869

Sager, T. 2013. Collective action. Balancing public and particularistic interests. The Oxford Handbook of Urban Planning. Oxford. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195374995.013.0002

Schmidt, V. A. 2012. Democracy and legitimacy in the European Union revisited. Input, output and ‘throughput’. Political Studies 61-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9248.2012.00962.x

Spatial Management Act. Uradni list Republike Slovenije 110/2002. Ljubljana.

Študija variant s predlogom najustreznejše variantne rešitve za gradnjo državne ceste med avtocesto A1 Šentilj–Koper in mejo z Republiko Avstrijo. DARS. Maribor, 2008.

Študija variant s predlogom najustreznejše variantne rešitve za gradnjo državne ceste med avtocesto A1 Šentilj–Koper in mejo z Republiko Avstrijo. DARS. Maribor, 2012.

Tyler, T. R. 2001. A psychological perspective on the legitimacy of institutions and authorities. The psychology of legitimacy. Emerging perspectives on ideology, justice, and intergroup relations. Cambridge.

Wheeler, G. 2020. Bounded rationality. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2020 Edition). Internet: https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2020/entries/bounded-rationality (Pridobljeno 9. 10. 2020).

Zakon o ratifikaciji Konvencije o dostopu do informacij, udeležbi javnosti pri odločanju in dostopu do pravnega varstva v okoljskih zadevah. Uradni list Republike Slovenije 62/2004. Ljubljana.

Published
2021-10-27
How to Cite
1.
Goluža M, Šubic-KovačM, Kos D, Bole D. How the state legitimizes national development projects: The Third Development Axis case study, Slovenia. AGS [Internet]. 2021Oct.27 [cited 2021Nov.30];61(2):109-21. Available from: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/ags/article/view/9572