Acta geographica Slovenica <p>The <em>Acta geographica Slovenica</em> journal was founded in 1952. It is issued three times a year by the ZRC SAZU Anton Melik Geographical Institute. The publication covers all branches of geography and related sciences, and geographically focuses mainly on Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe.</p> <p>Print ISSN: 1581-6613<br>Online ISSN: 1581-8314</p> ZRC SAZU, Založba ZRC en-US Acta geographica Slovenica 1581-6613 Latent cooling of atmosphere as an indicator of lowered snow line: Case study from Planica and Vrata valleys <p>A lowered snow line in Alpine valleys as a local weather phenomenon often varies from one valley to another. The relief morphology of the valleys and the intensity of precipitation play a crucial role in the variation. In Slovenia certain valleys are more susceptible to this phenomenon than others, one such example being the Planica Valley. This article examines the occurrence of a lowered snow line in the Planica Valley and the Vrata Valley during the winter seasons of 2015/2016 and 2016/2017. Precipitation events accompanying the occurrence of a lowered snow line were analyzed, and data on temperature and precipitation were included in the analysis. Results showed a striking degree of congruence of the phenomenon in both valleys.</p> Danijela Strle Matej Ogrin Copyright (c) 2021 ZRC SAZU Anton Melik Geographical Institute 2021-07-28 2021-07-28 61 1 7–23 7–23 10.3986/AGS.8573 Recent marriage and childbearing trends in Croatia and Slovenia: A comparative review <p>The paper discusses the marriage and childbearing trends in Croatia and Slovenia from 1985 to 2017. We made a comparative review of several indicators related to marriage and childbearing trends: mean ages of women at first marriage and first childbirth, birth rates, births within and outside marriage, total fertility rate, tempo-adjusted fertility rate, age-specific fertility rates, and marriage rate. The analysis is based on the official statistical data provided by the statistical offices of both countries and Human Fertility Database. Many of the indicators, including the birth rate, total fertility rate and age-specific fertility rate, are somewhat more favourable in Slovenia than in Croatia. One of the major differences between the two countries is that in Slovenia the connection between marriage and childbearing is not as nearly significant as in Croatia.</p> Vera Graovac Matassi Ana Talan Copyright (c) 2021 ZRC SAZU Anton Melik Geographical Institute 2021-07-28 2021-07-28 61 1 25–40 25–40 10.3986/AGS.8596 The impact of large dams on fluvial sedimentation: The Iron Gates Reservoir on the Danube River <p>Dam construction is one of the major human pressures impacting fluvial processes, including topography and hydro-sedimentary flows, as a result of the change in flow regime from fluvial to fluvial-lacustrine. This article investigates geomorphic changes at Iron Gates I, the largest reservoir on the Danube River, completed in 1972 for hydropower and navigation. The study focuses on a gulf area that emerged at the mouth of the Cerna River into the reservoir, highlighting spatial changes in topography and sediment distribution, based on a diachronic analysis of two datasets before and after the dam was built: one extracted from historical topographic maps and the other obtained from a bathymetric echo sounding survey, integrated within a GIS analysis. The results reveal the dominance of the sedimentation process, with an alluvium layer thickness up to 14 m. The current sediment pattern has changed the submerged morphology, leading to the formation of an alluvial fan at the mouth of the Cerna River and of a sedimentary bar between the Cerna Gulf and the Danube River’s channel. The siltation process together with the current underwater morphology limits ship traffic and the storage capacity of the reservoir.</p> Constantin Nistor Ionuț Săvulescu Bogdan-Andrei Mihai Liliana Zaharia Marina Vîrghileanu Sorin Carablaisă Copyright (c) 2021 ZRC SAZU Anton Melik Geographical Institute 2021-07-28 2021-07-28 61 1 41–55 41–55 10.3986/AGS.7856 Spatial diversity of ecological stability in different types of spatial units: Case study of Poland <p>The study estimates and compares the spatial distribution of ecological stability within administrative units in Poland. Its method permitted the value of the coefficient of ecological importance parameter to be determined, and enabled the design of a spatial unit typology. The units originally analyzed were municipalities (Pol. gminy). In this variant, areas with low and average ecological stability were evidently dominant. Verifying the results obtained involved extending the study, and using of a square with sides of 1 km as the basic unit of assessment. This approach yielded dominance of areas extreme in terms of ecological stability. The spatial analyses also allowed for the spatial dependence of the phenomenon to be identified and illustrated spatially.</p> Jolanta Jóźwik Dorota Dymek Copyright (c) 2021 ZRC SAZU Anton Melik Geographical Institute 2021-07-28 2021-07-28 61 1 57–74 57–74 10.3986/AGS.8779 A spatial decision support system for traffic accident prevention in different weather conditions <p>Natural conditions play an important role as determinants and cocreators of the spatiotemporal road traffic accident Hot Spot footprint; however, none of the modern commercial, or open-source, navigation systems currently provides it for the driver. Our findings, based on a spatiotemporal database recording 11 years of traffic accidents in Slovenia, proved that different weather conditions yield distinct spatial patterns of dangerous road segments. All potentially dangerous road segments were identified and incorporated into a mobile spatial decision support system (SLOCrashInfo), which raises awareness among drivers who are entering or leaving the predefined danger zones on the street network. It is expected that such systems could potentially increase road traffic safety in the future.</p> Danijel Ivajnšič David Pintarič Veno Jaša Grujić Igor Žiberna Copyright (c) 2021 ZRC SAZU Anton Melik Geographical Institute 2021-07-28 2021-07-28 61 1 75–92 75–92 10.3986/AGS.9415 Gastronomy tourism: A brief introduction <p>The aim of this paper is to provide a theoretical and conceptual introduction for the special issue on the interactions between food and territory manifested in gastronomy tourism. We focus on four perspectives: sustainability, the role of heritage, the potential for rural development and the networking of stakeholders. The contributions critically examine the development potentials but also the weaknesses of the growing gastronomy tourism. The case study approach and qualitative methods provide a detailed and concrete insight into the emerging challenges of host communities, tourism businesses and farmers, public policy makers and visitors. The special issue also provides applicable results for stakeholders involved in the strategic development, creation and consumption of tourism offerings.</p> Nika Razpotnik Visković Blaž Komac Copyright (c) 2021 ZRC SAZU Anton Melik Geographical Institute 2021-07-28 2021-07-28 61 1 95–105 95–105 10.3986/AGS.10258 Culinary events in the Slovenian countryside: Visitors’ motives, satisfaction, and views on sustainability <p>This paper focuses on five culinary events on Slovenia’s Karst Plateau (Kras). It presents visitors’ motives for attending these events, their satisfaction with them, and their views on sustainability. These traditional culinary events, which take place in the same gastronomic region, differ in their scale, theme, character, and history. A survey was conducted among 244 visitors, approximately 50% of whom had a university degree. The most important motives for their visit include local cuisine; experiencing something new, different, or special; and exploring natural heritage and especially cultural heritage. Visitor satisfaction is the greatest at boutique culinary events, where the main theme is highlighted more strongly than at large-scale culinary events. The main challenge in terms of the sustainability of culinary events is public transport access to the venues. Significant progress would be made by reducing the amount of disposable packaging made from non-sustainable materials. The key to successful culinary events is high-quality services and ingredients, where the word local is key.</p> Maja Topole Primož Pipan Primož Gašperič Matjaž Geršič Peter Kumer Copyright (c) 2021 ZRC SAZU Anton Melik Geographical Institute 2021-07-28 2021-07-28 61 1 107–125 107–125 10.3986/AGS.7617 Models of stakeholder collaboration in food tourism experiences <p>This study explores the role of stakeholders in creating and managing food tourism experiences. The main aim was to discover who participates in this process, why, and how. The research is based on interviews and participatory observation of twenty-two case studies mainly located in rural areas in eight Mediterranean countries. The paper focuses on two types of food experience: food events and food services with additional subtypes. The results reveal three models of stakeholder collaboration: one typical for events, one typical for services, and one emphasizing more direct interaction between visitors and local communities. The findings show diversity in the connections among stakeholders, who have different motives and roles in food experiences.</p> Mateja Šmid Hribar Nika Razpotnik Visković David Bole Copyright (c) 2021 ZRC SAZU Anton Melik Geographical Institute 2021-07-28 2021-07-28 61 1 127–140 127–140 10.3986/AGS.8756 Developing gastronomic practices in the Minho region of Portugal <p>We explore the role of restaurants and food events in promoting local and regional gastronomy in the Minho region in Northern Portugal. Interviews with restaurant owners and event organizers in this mainly rural region reveal that innovation is driven mainly by changing consumer tastes, but also constrained by consumer expectations of low prices. Restaurants maintain a family-run structure, also due to a lack of human resources. The main thrust of innovation lies in creating a convivial atmosphere, but there is less emphasis on locally produced food ingredients. In the long run this may undermine the regional food culture and its authenticity, despite the perceived importance of tradition.</p> Carlos Fernandes Greg Richards Copyright (c) 2021 ZRC SAZU Anton Melik Geographical Institute 2021-07-28 2021-07-28 61 1 141–152 141–152 10.3986/AGS.9370 Labelling, certification and branding of cheeses in the southeastern Alps (Italy, Slovenia): Montasio, Bovec, Tolminc and Mohant cheese <p>The paper presents various collective instruments used in the labelling, certification and branding of cheeses in the southeastern Alps of Slovenia and Italy. Based on long term ethnography it discusses four case studies of Montasio, Bovec, Tolminc, and Mohant cheeses, that were awarded protected designation of origin at European Union level. The impact of geographical indications on the local dairy chains is compared to other instruments, ranging from top-down European and national quality schemes and inventories of traditional agricultural products and heritage, to grass-root initiatives such as Slow Food instruments and local brands. The study finds substantial difference in the use and impact of geographical indications in Italy and Slovenia, as well as several ambiguous and dissonant effects in all the identified instruments.</p> Špela Ledinek Lozej Copyright (c) 2021 ZRC SAZU Anton Melik Geographical Institute 2021-07-28 2021-07-28 61 1 153–168 153–168 10.3986/AGS.8746 Luxury food tour: Perspectives and dilemmas on the "luxurification" of local culture in tourism product <p>This paper focuses on the Kras/Carso Food Tour to present the challenges of developing a luxury tourism product. The tour's design followed the current strategy of the Slovenian Tourist Board, which defines specific criteria for a luxury experience. Contextualized by the experiential trends in tourism, the paper juxtaposes the bottom-up and top-down perspectives on luxury experiences. The authors argue that mediation by experts familiar with academic discourses and local culture is beneficial for the development of a successful tourism product. The study contributes to the debates on luxury tourism, which have neglected bottom-up perceptions in tourist discourse and overlooked the dilemmas people face when "luxurifying" their traditions and heritage practices.</p> Saša Poljak Istenič Jasna Fakin Bajec Copyright (c) 2021 ZRC SAZU Anton Melik Geographical Institute 2021-07-28 2021-07-28 61 1 169–184 169–184 10.3986/AGS.8960 Gastronomy as a social catalyst in the creative place-making process <p><span lang="EN-US">This paper examines the integration of gastronomy in the creative place-making process. The study is based on the interviews with the organizers of five gastronomy events: a cooking workshop, a gastronomy festival, a series of gastronomy events at museums, a gastronomy theatre performance and an intimate dinner event. The contextual analysis shows that gastronomy events can contribute to five important features defining quality of place: diversity, liveliness, innovativeness, creativity and openness/tolerance. The final phase of our study brings comparison with findings in art-based place-making studies and discusses on diversity, integration in development policies and replicability potential of analyzed gastronomy events.</span></p> Nika Razpotnik Visković Copyright (c) 2021 ZRC SAZU Anton Melik Geographical Institute 2021-07-28 2021-07-28 61 1 185–199 185–199 10.3986/AGS.9409