Precipitation variation and water balance evaluation using different indices




SPEI, water balance, NDVI, trend analysis, Romania


The study evaluates the variability of water balance using different indices for the period 1961–2018 in Cotnari and surroundings, in the middle part of the Moldavian Plateau (MP), Romania. With the aid of statistical analysis and remote sensing, we discovered that the Cotnari's SPEI (Standardized Precipitation and Evapotranspiration Index) variability is characterized by severe values that alternate between significant excess and significant deficits. According to SPEI, between 57.2 and 61.4% of the months were near normal in terms of water balance. There were between 19.3 and 25.1% months with water excess and between 17.1 and 20.8% with water deficit. The links between NDVI and SPEI become stronger as SPEI reaches extreme values (above 1.5 units or below −1.5 units). The water balance indicates a decrease in available water resources.


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Author Biography

Emilian Viorel Mihăilă, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași, Iași, Romania




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How to Cite

Apopei, L. M., Mihăilă, D., Lazurca, L. G., Bistricean, P. I., Mihăilă, E. V., Horodnic, V. D., & Emandi, M. E. (2024). Precipitation variation and water balance evaluation using different indices. Acta Geographica Slovenica, 64(1), 41–60.