EUROPE'S (UN)COMMON HERITAGE(S)
(NE)SKUPNA/E DEDIŠČINA/E EVROPE

Máiréad Nic Craith

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2012410201

Abstract

Although it draws on the past, the concept of heritage is rooted in the present and is used selectively for contemporary purposes. European institutions have reinforced the concept of a common European heritage, which is shared by all nation-states. In drawing on the discourse of heritage, there is an attempt to consolidate a narrative of European universal values. This paper critiques the vision of a common European heritage in the consolidation of European identity and assesses the idea of shared heritage as an instrument of social cohesion.

***

Čeprav se sklicuje na preteklost, je koncept dediščina zakoreninjen v sedanjosti in selektivno rabljen za sodobne namene. Evropske ustanove krepijo koncept skupne evropske dediščine, skupne vsem državam/narodom. V diskurzu o dediščini gre za poskus, da bi utrdili pripoved o evropskih splošnih vrednotah. Članek kritizira vizijo skupne evropske dediščine v utrjevanju evropske identitete in si prizadeva za zamisel o skupni dediščini kot orodju družbene povezanosti.

Keywords

Europe; heritage; discourse; universality; language // Evropa; dediščina; diskurz; univerzalnost; jezik

Full Text:

PDF

References

Arantes, Antonio A. 2008. Diversity, Heritage and Cultural Politics. Theory, Culture and Society 47 (7–8): 290–296. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/02632764070240072506

Ashworth, Gregory and Peter Howard. 1999. European Heritage Planning and Management. Exeter: Intellect.

Bugge, Peter. 2003. A European Cultural Heritage? Reflections on a Concept and a Programme. In: Peckham, Robert Shannon (ed.), Rethinking Heritage: Cultures and Politics in Europe. London: I.B. Taurus, 61–74.

Byrne, Denis. 1991. Western Hegemony in Archaeological Heritage Management. History and Anthropology 5: 269–276. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02757206.1991.9960815

Choay, Françoise. 2001. The Invention of the Historic Monument. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cleere, Henry. 1996. The concept of “outstanding universal value” in the World Heritage Convention. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 1 (4): 227–233. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gps.3852

Cleere, Henry. 2001. The Uneasy Bedfellows: Universality and Cultural Heritage. In: Layton, R., P. G. Stone and J. Thomas (eds.), Destruction and Conservation of Cultural Property. London: Routledge.

CoE. 1954. European Cultural Convention, CETS No.: 018. http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/QueVoulezVous.asp?NT=018&CM=8&DF=11/06/2012&CL=ENG

CoE. 1969. European Convention on the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage, CETS No.: 066. http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/QueVoulezVous.asp?NT=066&CM=8&DF=11/06/2012&CL=ENG

CoE. 1985. Convention for the Protection of the Architectural Heritage of Europe, CETS No.: 121. http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/QueVoulezVous.asp?NT=121&CM=8&DF=11/06/2012&CL=ENG

CoE. 1992. European Convention on the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage (Revised), CETS No.: 143. http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/QueVoulezVous.asp?NT=143&CM=8&DF=11/06/2012&CL=ENG

CoE. 2000. Europe, a common heritage – A Council of Europe campaign - Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 1465. https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc.jsp?id=196387&Site=COE

CoE. 2000. European Landscape Convention, CETS No.: 176. http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/QueVoulezVous.asp?NT=176&CM=8&DF=11/06/2012&CL=ENG

CoE. 2005. Warsaw Declaration. http://www.coe.int/t/dcr/summit/20050517_decl_varsovie_en.asp

Council of Europe/European Commission. 2005. Contribution of the Conference of INGOs of the Council of Europe to the 3rd Summit of Council of Europe Heads of State and Government (Warsaw) 2005, 16-17 May. http://www.coe.int/t/dcr/summit/ingo_decl_EN.asp

Council of Europe/European Commission. 2011. Joint Council of Europe/European Commission Declaration to mark the 10th Anniversary of the European Day of Languages, 26 September 2011. http://ec.europa.eu/languages/news/pdf/joint_declaration_european_day_of_languages_en.pdf

Declaration. 1973. Declaration on European Identity (Copenhagen), 1973, 14 December. http://www.cvce.eu/viewer/-/content/02798dc9-9c69-4b7d-b2c9-f03a8db7da32/en;jsessionid=49382B189B5F62EEE52F6E2E141DEDBE

Declaration. 2007. Declaration on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the signature of the Treaties of Rome. http://europa.eu/50/docs/berlin_declaration_en.pdf

Enlarged Partial Agreement. 2010. Enlarged Partial Agreement on Cultural Routes. http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cultureheritage/culture/routes/default_en.asp

Esposito, Adèle and Inès Gaulis. 2010a. The Cultural Heritage of Asia and Europe: Global Challenges and Local Initiatives. Background document in preparation for the Fourth ASEM Culture Ministers’ Meeting 2010. http://www.iias.nl/sites/default/files/background-document.pdf

Esposito, Adèle and Inès Gaulis. 2010b. The Cultural Heritages of Asia and Europe: Global Challenges and Local Initiatives (Rapporteurs’ Report of the Roundtable). http://www.iias.nl/sites/default/files/heritageroundtable-rapporteursreport.pdf

EU. 2007a. DECLARATION on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the signature of the Treaties of Rome. http://europa.eu/50/docs/berlin_declaration_en.pdf

EU. 2007b. Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community, signed at Lisbon, 13 December 2007. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:C:2007:306:SOM:EN:HTML

Europa. 2010. Work Plan for Culture 2011-14 (summaries of EU legislation). http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/culture/cu0007_en.htm

European Communities. 1983. Solemn Declaration on European Union, Stuttgart, Bulletin of the European Communities, June 1983 6/1983: 24–29. http://www.eurotreaties.com/stuttgart.pdf

European Heritage Days. http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cultureheritage/heritage/EHD/Presentation_en.asp

European Heritage Network (HEREIN). http://www.european-heritage.coe.int/sdx/herein/

Foucault, Michel. 1980. Truth and Power. In: Gordon, Colin (ed.), Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 109–133.

Garton Ash, Timothy. 2007. Europe’s true stories. Prospect Magazine, 131. http://www.fh-brandenburg.de/~brasche/EU/k7/Ash_Europes_true_stories.pdf

Graham, Brian, Gregory Ashworth and John, E. Tunbridge. 2000. A Geography of Heritage: Power, Culture and Economy. London: Arnold.

Grant, Charles. 2007. What are European values? The Guardian, Sunday 25 March. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2007/mar/25/whyvaluesmatterinawidere

Hann, Chris. 2012. Europe in Eurasia. In: Kockel, Ullrich, Máiréad Nic Craith and Jonas Frykman (eds.), A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 88–102.

Harvey, David. 2001. Heritage Pasts and Heritage Presents: Temporality, Meaning and the Scope of Heritage Studies. International Journal of Heritage Studies 7 (4): 319–338. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13581650120105534

Kaschuba, Wolfgang. 2008. Cultural Heritage in Europe: Ethnologists’ Uses of the Authentic. Anthropological Journal of European Cultures 17 (2): 34–46. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3167/ajec.2008.170203

Labadi, Sophia. 2005. A Review of the Global Strategy for a Balanced, Representative and Credible World Heritage List 1994–2004. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 7 (2): 89–102. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/135050305793137477

Labadi, Sophia. 2007. Representations of the Nation and Cultural Diversity in Discourses on World Heritage. Journal of Social Archaeology 7: 147–170. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1469605307077466

Löfgren, Orvar and Ewa Klekot. 2012. Culture and Heritage. Ethnologie française 42 (2): 391–394.

Lowenthal, David. 1995. Heritages for Europe. International Journal of Cultural Property 4: 377–381. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0940739195000373

Macinnes, Allan. 1996. Clanship, Commerce and the House of Stuart, 1603-1788. Edinburgh: Tuckwell.

MacKinnon, Iain. 2012. An Analysis of the Idea that the Highlands and Islands of Scotland can be Understood as a Site of Colonisation (Unpublished PhD submission to the University of Ulster).

Margry, Peter Jan. 2012. European Religious Fragmentation and the Rise of Civil Religion. In: Kockel, Ullrich, Máiréad Nic Craith and Jonas Frykman (eds.), A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 275–294.

Marranci, Gabriele. 2012. Studying Muslims of Europe. In: Kockel, Ullrich, Máiréad Nic Craith and Jonas Frykman (eds.), A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 295–309.

Meskell, Lynn. 2002. The Intersections of Identity and Politics in Archaeology. Annual Review of Anthropology 31: 279–301.

Nagata, Judith. 2010. “Elasticity” of Heritage, from Conservation to Human Rights: A Saga of Development and Resistance in Penang, Malaysia. In: Langfeld, Michele, William Logan and Máiréad Nic Craith (eds.), Cultural Diversity, Heritage and Human Rights. London: Routledge, 101–116.

Nic Craith, Máiréad. 2002. Plural Identities: Singular Narratives – the Case of Northern Ireland. New York: Berghahn.

Nic Craith, Máiréad. 2003. Culture and Identity Politics in Northern Ireland. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Nic Craith, Máiréad. 2006. Europe and the Politics of Language: Citizens, Migrants and Outsiders. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Nic Craith, Máiréad. 2007. Cultural Heritages: Process, Power, Commodification. In: Kockel, Ullrich and Máiréad Nic Craith (eds.), Cultural Heritages as Reflexive Traditions. Basingstoke: Macmillan/Palgrave, 1–19.

Nic Craith, Máiréad. 2008. Intangible Cultural Heritages: The Challenges for Europe. Anthropological Journal of European Cultures 17 (1): 54–73. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3167/ajec.2008.01701004

Nic Craith, Máiréad. 2009. Writing Europe: A Dialogue of Liminal Europeans. Social Anthropology 17 (2): 198–208. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8676.2009.00069.x

Nic Craith, Máiréad. 2010. Linguistic Heritage and Language Rights in Europe: Theoretical Considerations. In: Langfeld, Michele, William Logan and Máiréad Nic Craith (eds.), Cultural Diversity, Heritage and Human Rights. London: Routledge, 45–62.

Nic Craith, Máiréad. 2012. Language, Power, and Politics in Europe. In: Kockel, Ullrich, Máiréad Nic Craith and Jonas Frykman (eds.), A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 373–388.

Ó Giolláin, Diarmuid. 2000. Locating Irish Folklore: Tradition, Modernity, Identity. Cork: University Press.

Report. 2005. Report by the Polish Chair of the Committee of Ministers to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe CM/AS 2005, 28.

Resolution. 2007. Resolution CM/Res(2007)12 on the cultural routes of the Council of Europe, Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 10 October 2007 at the 1006th meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies. https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc.jsp?Ref=CM/Res(2007)12&Language=lanEnglish&Site=CM&BackColorInternet=C3C3C3&BackColorIntranet=EDB021&BackColorLogged=F5D383

Ricoeur, Paul. 2004. Universality and the Power of Difference. In: Kearney, Richard (ed.), Debates in Continental Philosophy: Conversations with Contemporary Thinkers. New York: Fordham University Press, 216–222.

Risse, Thomas. 2003. European Identity and the Heritage of National Cultures. In Peckham, R. S. (ed.), Rethinking National Heritage: Cultures and Politics in Europe. London: I. B. Tauris, 74–89.

Shore, Cris. 2000. Building Europe: The Cultural Politics of European Integration. London and New York: Routledge.

Smith, Laurajane. 2006. Uses of Heritage. London and New York: Routledge.

Spongenberg, Helena. 2007. Berlin declaration’s “fortune” is lost in translation. http://euobserver.com/9/23786

UNESCO. 1972. Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. http://whc.unesco.org/en/conventiontext/

UNESCO. 2003. Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001325/132540e.pdf (accessed 5 July 2012).

UNESCO Constitution. 1945. Unesco Constitution. http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=15244&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html



DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2012410201

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Traditiones

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

SCImago Journal & Country RankSaveSaveSave