NARRATING FEAR THROUGH MOVEMENT: THE POSSIBILITIES OF STUDYING PERSONAL AND COMMUNITY FEARS ON THE EXAMPLE OF THEATER AMATEURISM
UPOVEDOVANJE STRAHU Z GIBANJEM: MOŽNOSTI RAZISKOVANJA OSEBNIH STISK IN STISK SKUPNOSTI NA PRIMERU AMATERSKEGA GLEDALIŠČA

Jelena Marković

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2018470205

Abstract

The article focuses on the verbal limitations and non-verbal possibilities of narrating fear through movement on the example of theater amateurism. The goal is also to examine the modes of approaching the narrations of unpleasant and painful emotions and their silences with a focus on movement and its narrative and research potential in ethnology, cultural anthropology and folklore research. The complexity of the relationship between verbal language and fear, along with the complexity of the relationship between fear and body, demands new insights, new methodologies and new boundaries between the artistic, the scientific, the performative and the textual in ethnography. For that purpose, the author examines the possibilities of performance ethnography that has been influenced the most by Dwight Conquergood, who shifted the focus from the ethnography of performance to contemporary qualitative research methods surrounding performance ethnography.

***

Članek se na primeru predstav amaterskega gledališča osredinja na omejitve govora in neverbalno možnost izražanja strahu z gibanjem. Namen je tudi preučiti načine približevanja k pripovedim o neprijetnih in bolečih čustvih in molka o njih s pozornostjo na gibanje in njegovo izražanje, s tem pa tudi premisliti raziskovalno moč etnologije, kulturne antropologije in folkloristike. Kompleksnost razmerja med verbalnim jezikom in strahom, skupaj s kompleksnostjo razmerja med strahom in telesom, zahteva nove premisleke, nove metodologije in nove razmejitve med umetniškim, znanstvenim, performativnim in besednim v etnografiji. Avtorica zato preučuje možnosti uporabe etnografije uprizarjanja/izražanja, na katero je najbolj vplival Dwight Conquergood, ko je premaknil fokus z etnografije izvedbe/uprizoritve na sodobne kvalitativne raziskovalne metode, ki so blizu performativni etnografiji.

Keywords

narrating fear; autoethnography; performance ethnography; ethnography of war; theater amateurism; dr INAT; Pula // izražanje strahu; avtoetnografija; performativna etnografija; etnografija vojne; amatersko gledališče; dr INAT; Pulj

Full Text:

PDF

References

Agamben, Giorgio. 1999. Remnants of Auschwitz: The Witness and the Archive. New York: Zone Books.

Ahmed, Sara. 2014. The Cultural Politics of Emotion. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Artaud, Antonin. 1958. The Theater and Its Double. New York: Grove Press.

Bakhtin, Mikhail. 1984. Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Bauman, Richard. 1975. Verbal Art as Performance. American Anthropologist 77 (2): 290–311. Available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/674535

Bauman, Richard. 1986. Story, Performance, and Event: Contextual Studies of Oral Narrative. Cambridge et al.: Cambridge University Press.

Beausoleil, Emily. 2013. Political Actors: Performance as Democratic Protest in Anti-Apartheid Theater. In: Nancy S. Love, and Mark Mattern (eds.), Doing Democracy: Activist Art and Cultural Politics. New York: State University of New York Press, 257–285.

Ben-Amos, Dan. 1971. Toward a Definition of Folklore in Context. The Journal of American Folklore 84 (331): 3–15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/539729

Ben-Amos, Dan, and Kenneth S. Goldstein (eds.). 1975. Folklore: Performance and Communication. The Hague and Paris: Mouton & Co.

Bendix, Regina. 1990. Reflections on Earthquake Narratives. Western Folklore 49 (4): 331–347. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/1499749

Bendix, Regina. 2000. The Pleasure of the Ear: Toward an Ethnography of Listening. Cultural Analysis 1: 33–50. Available at: https://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~culturalanalysis/volume1/vol1_article3.html

Braid, Donald. 1996. Personal Narrative and Experiential Meaning. Journal of American Folklore 109 (431): 5–30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/541716

Chaiklin, Sharon, and Hilda Wengrower (eds.). 2009. The Art and Science of Dance/Movement Therapy: Life Is Dance. New York and London: Routledge.

Conquergood, Dwight. 1985. Performing as a Moral Act: Ethical Dimensions of the Ethnography of Performance. Literature in Performance 5 (2): 1–13. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10462938509391578

Conquergood, Dwight. 1992. Ethnography, Rhetoric, and Performance. Quarterly Journal of Speech 78: 80–123.

Conquergood, Dwight. 2002. Performance Studies: Interventions and Radical Research. The Drama Review 46 (2): 145–156. Available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/1146965

Conquergood, Dwight. 2006. Rethinking Ethnography: Towards a Critical Cultural Politics. In: Soyini D. Madison and Judith Hamera (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Performance Studies. Thousand Oaks, London and New York: SAGE Publications, 351–365 [First published 1991. Rethinking Ethnography: Towards a Critical Cultural Politics. Communication Monographs 58: 179–194].

Čale Feldman, Lada, Ines Prica, and Reana Senjković (eds.). 1993. Fear, Death and Resistance: An Ethnography of War in Croatia 1991-1992. Zagreb: Institut za etnologiju i folkloristiku.

Čale Feldman, Lada, Reana Senjković, and Ines Prica. 1992. Poetika otpora. Narodna umjetnost 29: 45–105. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/71252

Čale Feldman, Lada. 1995. Intellectual Concerns and Scholarly Priorities: A Voice of an Ethnographer. Narodna umjetnost 32 (1): 79–90.

Denzin, Norman. 2003. Performance Ethnography: Critical Pedagogy and the Politics of Culture. SAGE Publications.

Fabian, Johannes. 1990. Power and Performance: Ethnographic Explorations through Proverbial Wisdom Theater in Shaba, Zaire. Madison: University of Wisconsin.

Frevert, Ute. 2016. Empathy in the Theater of Horror, or Civilizing the Human Heart. In: Aleida Assmann and Ines Detmers (eds.), Empathy and its Limits. New York: Palgrave, 79–99.

Harrop, Peter, and Dunja Njaradi (eds.). 2013. Performance and Ethnography: Dance, Drama, Music. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Harrop, Peter. 2013. Introduction by Way of Long Ethnography. In: Peter Harrop, and Dunja Njaradi (eds.), Performance and Ethnography: Dance, Drama, Music. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 1–21.

Jambrešić Kirin, Renata, and Maja Povrzanović (eds.). 1996. War, Exile, Everyday Life. Zagreb: Institut za etnologiju i folkloristiku.

Jones, Joni L. 2002. Performance Ethnography: The Role of Embodiment in Cultural Authenticity. Theatre Topics 12 (1): 1–15.

Jones, Joni L. (Olorisa Omi Osun Olomo). 2006. Performance and Ethnography, Performing Ethnography, Performance Ethnography. In: Soyini D. Madison, and Judith Hamera (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Performance Studies. Thousand Oaks, London and New York: SAGE Publications, 339–345.

Kapchan, Deborah A. 1995. Performance. The Journal of American Folklore 108 (430): 479–508. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/541657

Karp, Marcia. 1998. The Handbook of Psychodrama. London and New York: Routledge.

Kidron, Carol A. 2009. Toward an Ethnography of Silence: The Lived Presence of the Past in the Everyday Life of Holocaust Trauma Survivors and Their Descendants in Israel. Current Anthropology 50 (1): 5–19.

Lampalov, Dubravka. 2009. Kazalište Dr. INAT Pula: 20 godina. Pula: MEDIT.

Madison, Soyini D. 2006. Staging Fieldwork/Performing Human Rights. In: Soyini D. Madison, and Judith Hamera (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Performance Studies. Thousand Oaks, London and New York: SAGE Publications, 397–418.

Magnat, Virginie. 2012. Can Research Become Ceremony?: Performance Ethnography and Indigenous Epistemologies. Canadian Theatre Review 151: 30–36. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3138/ctr.151.30

Marjanić, Suzana. 2000. Dr. INAT in the Alternative Theatre of the Nineties. Frakcija 16: 52–58.

Marjanić, Suzana. 2016. PUF i njegov Dr. INAT. Kazalište 19 (67/68): 72–73.

Močnik, Nena. 2014. Fetishizing Violence on Stage: Performing, Narrating and “Aestheticizing” the Balkan Wars. Časopis za povijest Zapadne Hrvatske 8: 87–107.

Moreno, J. L. 1978. Who Shall Survive?: Foundations of Sociometry, Group Psychotherapy and Sociodrama. 3rd ed. New York: Beacon House.

Munjin, Bojan. 2016. O kazališnom festivalu PUF u Puli: Četiri ratna druga. Kazalište 19 (67/68): 74–79.

Narodna umjetnost. 1992. vol. 29. Zagreb: Institut za etnologiju i folkloristiku. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=toc&id_broj=5727

Njaradi, Dunja. 2013. Performance Ethnography: Theatre and Anthropology Through the New Study of Ritual. In: Peter Harrop, and Dunja Njaradi (eds.), Performance and Ethnography: Dance, Drama, Music. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 23–44.

Paredes, Americo, and Richard Bauman (eds.). 1971. Toward New Perspectives in Folklore. Austin: American Folklore Society.

Paredes, Americo, and Richard Bauman (eds.). 1971. Special Edition: Towards New Perspectives in Folklore = Journal of American Folklore 84.

Payne, Helen (ed.). 1992. Dance Movement Therapy: Theory and Practice. Hove and New York: Brunner-Routledge.

Pollock, Della. 2006. Marking New Directions in Performance Ethnography. Text and Performance Quarterly 26 (4): 325–329. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10462930600828733

Povrzanović, Maja. 1992. Etnologija rata – pisanje bez suza? Etnološka tribina 15: 61–80. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/80668

Ridout, Nicholas. 2013. Passionate Amateurs: Theatre, Communism, and Love. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.

Rusted, Brian. 2012. Introduction: From Ethnography of Performance to Performance Ethnography. Canadian Theatre Review 151: 3–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3138/ctr.149.73

Stoller, Paul. 1997. Sensuous Scholarship. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Tomić, Tatjana. 2016. O dvadeset dvije godine “rubnog teatra“, mačkama i kazališnom nasljeđu – razgovor s Brankom Sušcem. Kazalište 19 (67/68): 85–89.

Užarević, Josip. 2012. Književni minimalizam. Zagreb: Disput.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2018470205

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Traditiones

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

SCImago Journal & Country RankSaveSaveSave