THE BEECH FOREST VEGETATION OF THE CEROVÁ VRCHOVINA MTS. (SOUTHERN SLOVAKIA)

  • Karol Ujházy Department of Phytology, Faculty of Forestry, Technical University of Zvolen, Masarykova 24, SK-960 53 Zvolen, Slovakia
  • Richard Hrivnák Institute of Botany, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 14, SK-845 23 Bratislava
  • Eva Belanová State Nature Conservancy of the Slovak Republic, Protected Landscape Area Cerová vrchovina, Svätoplukova 40, SK-979 01 Rimavská Sobota
  • Blažena Benčatová Department of Phytology, Faculty of Forestry, Technical University of Zvolen, Masarykova 24, SK-960 53 Zvolen, Slovakia
Keywords: Slovakia, vegetation, Fagetalia, classification, gradient analysis

Abstract

Field phytosociological research of the Fagus sylvatica dominated forests in the volcanic Cerová vrchovina Mts. was carried out in 2001. Standard methods of the Zürich-Montpellier approach were applied. Tabular synthesis with numerical divisive classification (TWINSPAN) and indirect gradient analysis (PCA) were used to differentiate particular communities. Within the Fagion alliance, four associations were recognized: Carici pilosae-Fagetum, Dentario bulbiferae-Fagetum, Melico-Fagetum and Asperulo-Fagetum. Four different plant communities of the Tilio-Acerion alliance were detected: Roso pendulinae-Tilietum cordatae, Mercurialis perennis-Fagus sylvatica community, Athyrium filix-femina-Fagus sylvatica community and Dryopteris filix-mas-Fagus sylvatica community. Semioligotrophic communities were classified as Luzulo-Fagetum within the Luzulo-Fagion alliance. Influences of several ecological factors on species composition are discussed. The type of relief, stoniness and humus content of topsoil seem to play the most important role.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Balázs, P. (1996): Jelšiny Cerovej vrchoviny (fytocenologická charakteristika). Ochr. Prír. 14: 29–39.

Barkman, J. J., Doing, H. & Segal, S. (1964): Kritische Bemerkungen und Vorschläge zur quantitativen Vegetationsanalyse. Acta Bot. Neerl. 13: 394–419.

Braun-Blanquet, J. (1964): Pflanzensoziologie. Springer Verlag, Wien, 865 pp.

Csiky J., Kevey B. & Borhidi A. (2001): Block forest (Roso pendulinae-Tilietum cordatae), a new forest community of the Carpathian basin (Cerová vrchovina, Slovakia). Acta Bot. Hung. 43 (1–2): 95–125.

Fajmonová, E. (1984): Mercuriali-Fraxinetum v severnej časti Bielych Karpát. Biológia 39: 101–104.

Futák, J. (1966): Fytogeograf ické členenie Slovenska. – In: Futák, J. (ed.): Flóra Slovenska I. Veda, Bratislava, pp. 539–544.

Hendrych, R. (1959): Florograf ický materiál z okolí Rimavské Soboty. Preslia 31: 187–207.

Hendrych, R. (1963): Ad f loram dicionis oppidi Šafárikovo in Slovacia materies critica. Biol. Práce Slov. Akad. Vied 9(6): 1–63.

Hendrych, R. (1968): Ad f loram regionis Fiľakoviensis in Slovacia addenda critica. Acta Univ. Carol., Biol. 1967: 109–183.

Hennekens, S. M. (1996a): TURBO(VEG). Software package for input, processing, and presentation of phytosociological data (User’s guide).

IBN-DLO, Wageningen et University of Lancaster, Lancaster, 52 pp.

Hennekens, S. M. (1996b): MEGATAB a visual editor for phytosociological tables (version 1.0). Gielsen & Geurts, Ulft, 10 pp.

Hill, M. O. (1979): TWINSPAN. A Fortran program for arranging multivariate data in an ordered two-way table by classif ication of the individuals and attributes. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, 52 pp.

Holub, J. & Moravec, J. (1965): Floristische Materiale aus Hügellande Fiľakovská hornatina (Südslowakei). Biol. Práce Slov. Akad. Vied 11(6):

–91.

Husová, M. (2000): Svaz: Tilio-Acerion. In: Moravec, J., Husová, M., Chytrý, M. & Neuhäuslová, M. (eds.): Hygrof ilní, mezof ilní a xerof ilní opadavé lesy. Academia, Praha, pp. 115–140.

Klika, J. (1942): Rostlinosociologická studie křivoklátských lesů. Věst. Král. Čes. Společ. Nauk, 1943, Praha cl. math.-natur. 1941/3: 1–46.

Marhold, K. & Hindák F. (eds., 1998): Zoznam nižších a vyšších rastlín Slovenska. Veda, Bratislava, 687 pp.

Molnár, A. V. (1999): Bevezetés Magyarország f loristikai növényföldrajzába. In: Sándor, F. (ed.): Magyarország védet növényei. Mezőgazda Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 43–52.

Moravcová-Husová, M. (1964): Die Fagetalia-Gesellschaften des Gebirges Branschauer Wald (Branžovský hvozd) in Wesböhmen. Preslia 36: 272–288.

Moravec J. (1979): Das Violo reichenbachianae-Fagetum – eine neue Buchenwaldassoziation. Phytocoenologia 6: 484–504

Moravec, J. (ed., 1994): Fytocenologie (nauka o vegetaci). Academia, Praha, 403 pp.

Moravec, J. (2000): Luzulo-Fagetum. In: Moravec, J., Husová, M., Chytrý, M. & Neuhäuslová, M. (eds.): Hygrof ilní, mezof ilní a xerof ilní opadavé lesy. Academia, Praha, pp. 186–190.

Moravec, J., Husová, M., Chytrý, M. & Neuhäuslová, M. (2000): Hygrof ilní, mezof ilní a xerof ilní opadavé lesy. Academia, Praha, 319 pp.

Mucina, L., Grabherr, G. & Wallnöfer, S. (1993): Die Pf lanzengesellschaften Österreichs. Teil III. Wälder un Gebüsche. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, 353 pp.

Tarábek, K. (1980): Klimatickogeograf ické typy. In: Mazúr, E. (ed.): Atlas SSR. SAV a SUGK Bratislava, p. 64.

ter Braak, C. J. F. & Šmilauer, P. (1998): CANOCO Reference Manual and User’s Guide to Canoco for Windows. Sotware for Canonical Community Ordination (version 4). Centre of Biometry, Wageningen, 353 pp.

Walnöfer, S., Mucina, L. & Grass, V. (1993): Querco- Fagetea. In: Mucina, L., Grabherr, G. & Walnöfer, S. (eds.): Die Pf lanzengesellschaften Österreichs Teil III Wälder und Gebüsche, Gustav

Fischer Verlag, Jena, Stuttgart, New York, pp. 8–236.

Weber, H. E., Moravec, J. & Theurillat, J. P. (2000): International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature. 3rd edition. Journal of Vegetation Science 11: 739–768.

Whittaker, R. H. (1962): Classif ication of natural communities. Bot. Rev. 28: 1–239.

Published
2015-09-04
How to Cite
UjházyK., HrivnákR., BelanováE. and BenčatováB. (2015) “THE BEECH FOREST VEGETATION OF THE CEROVÁ VRCHOVINA MTS. (SOUTHERN SLOVAKIA)”, Hacquetia, 3(1). Available at: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/2992 (Accessed: 5June2020).
Section
Articles