Forests of valuable broa-leaved trees on non-carbonate bedrock in Slovenia (Dryopterido affini-Aceretum pseudoplatani ass. nova hoc loco)

  • Petra Košir
Keywords: Dryopterido affini-Aceretum, Illyrian floral province, Slovenia, forests of valuable broad-leaved trees, synsystematics, forest vegetation, Fraxino-Acerion, non-carbonate bedrock

Abstract

On the non-carbonate bedrock on the mountain range of Pohorje and in the vicinity of Litija, in the pre-Alpine and Alpine region of Slovenia, the forests of valuable broad-leaved trees were studied. A new association Dryopterido affini-Aceretum ass. nova hoc loco was described. The stands of this association thrive on steep colluvial slopes and their foothills, often in narrow valleys above streams and on slopes of torrential ditches. The colluvial dystric brown soil prevails on the sites of this forest community, but dystric leptosol and colluvial-delluvial dystric soil occur as well. The association is differentiated by the species which characterize its weak acidophilous character. It has been divided into two geographical races: D.-A. var. geogr. typica (Litija) and D.-A. var. geogr. Dentaria trifolia (Pohorje). Ecologically, it has been divided into three subassociations: D.-A. scopolietosum carniolicae, D.-A. polystichetosum setiferi, D.-A. leucojetosum vernae. Within the subassociation D.-A. polystichetosum setiferi and the subassociation D.-A. leucojetosum vernae we defined the typical variant and the variant with the species Fraxinus excelsior. Within the subassociation D.-A. leucojetosum we defined also the variant with the species Saxifraga rotundifolia. The new association was classified into the alliance Fraxino- Acerion Fukarek 1969. The stands of the new association have been compared with other Illyrian maple associations and related Central-European maple associations.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Accetto, M. (1991): Corydalido ochroleucae-Aceretum ass. nova v Sloveniji. Razprave IV. razr. SAZU 32 (3): 89–128.

Borhidi, A & Kevey, B. (1996): An annoted checklist of the Hungarian plant communities II. The forest communities. In: Bohridi, A. (ed.): Critical revision of the Hungarian plant communities. Pecs, Hungary, Janus Pannonius University, pp. 95–138.

Borhidi, A. (2003): Magyarország növénytársulásai. Akademiai Kiadó, Budapest, 610 pp.

Braun-Blanquet, J. (1964): Pflanzensoziologie. Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde. Wien, New York, 865 pp.

Büker, R. (1942): Beiträge zur Vegetationskunde des südwestfälischen Berglandes. Beih. Bot. Zentralbl., 61(B): 452–558.

Chytrý, M., Tichý, L., Holt, J. & Botta-Dukát, Z. (2002): Determination of diagnostic species with statistical fidelity measures. Journal of Vegetation Science, 13: 79–90.

Clot, F. (1990): Les érablaies européennes: essai de synthèse. Phytocoenologia, 18 (4): 409–564.

Dakskobler, I. (1999): Gozdna vegetacija Zelenega potoka v dolini Idrije (zahodna Slovenija). Razprave IV razreda SAZU, 40 (7): 103–194.

Dierschke, H. (1994): Pflanzensoziologie. Grundlagen und Methoden. Stuttgart, Verlag Eugen Ulmer, 683 pp.

Ehrendorfer, F. (ed.) (1973): Liste der Gefäßpflanzen Mitteleuropas. 2. Auflage. Stuttgart, Gustav Fischer Verlag, 318 pp.

Fukarek, P. 1969. Prilog poznavanju biljnosocioloških odnosa šuma i šibljaka nacionalnog parka Sutjeska. Sarajevo, ANU BiH, posebna izdanja- XI., Odjelenje prirodnih i matematičkih nauka, knjiga 3: 189–291.

Glavač, V. (1958): O šumi lipe i tise (Tilieto-Taxetum). Šumarski list, 1– 2: 21–26.

Hennekens, S. M. & Schaminée, J. H. J. (2001): TURBOVEG, a comprehensive data base management system for vegetation data. JVS, 12 (4): 589–591.

Horvat, I. (1938): Biljnosociološka istraživanja šuma u Hrvatskoj. (Pflanzensoziologische Walduntersuchungen in Kroatien.). Glasnik za šumske poskuse, 6: 127–256.

Horvat, I. (1962): Vegetacija planina zapadne Hrvatske sa 4 karte biljnih zajednica sekcije Sušak. Prirodoslovna istraživanja, 30, Acta Biologica II, Zagreb.

Horvat, I., Glavač, V. & Ellenberg, H. (1974): Vegetation Südevropas. Stuttgart, Gustav Fischer Verlag, 768 pp.

Jovanović, B., Lakušić, R., Rizovski, R., Trinajstić, I. & Zupančič, M. (ed.) (1986): Prodromus Phytocoenosum Jugoslaviae ad mappam vegetationis m 1: 200 000. Bribir-Ilok, pp. 1–46.

Kevey, B. (1985): Fragmentális szurdokerdők a Villány- Hegységben. Janus P. Múz. Évk., 29: 23–28.

Kevey, B. (1993): A Keleti-Mecsek szurdokerdei (Scutellario-Aceretum). Folia comloensis, 5: 29–54.

Kevey, B. (1997): A Nyugati-Mecsek szurdokerdei [Scutellario altissimae-Aceretum (Horvát, A. O. 1958) Soó et Borhidi in Soó 1962]. In: Borhidi, A. & Szabó, L. Gy (ed.): Studia Phytologica Jubilaria. Dissertationes in honorem jubilantis Adolf Olivér Horvát Doctor Academiae in annoversario nonagesimo nativitatis 1907–1997. Pécs, pp. 75–99.

Kevey, B. & Borhidi, A. (1998): Top-forest (Aconito anthorae-Fraxinetum orni) a special ecotonal case in the phytosociological system (Mecsek mts, south Hungary). Acta Bot. Hung., 41 (1–4): 27–121.

Košir, P. & Marinček, L. (1999): Predhodno poročilo o raziskavah javorjevih gozdov v Sloveniji. ABS, 42 (3): 53–58.

Košir, P. (2000): Javorjevi gozdovi gorskega sveta zahodnega dela ilirske florne province. Magistrsko delo, Univerza v Ljubljani, Biotehniška fakulteta, Oddelek za biologijo, 104 pp.

Košir, P. (2002): Prispevek k sinsistematiki združbe Hacquetio-Fraxinetum excelsioris Marinček in Wallnöfer et al. 1993. Hacquetia, 1 (1): 109–128.

Košir, P. (2004): Sinsistematski pregled šuma plemenitih listača ilirske florne provincije s posebnim osvrtom na zajednice u Sloveniji. Doktorska disertacija, Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Šumarski fakultet, Zagreb.

Košir, Ž. (1979): Ekološke, fitocenološke in gozdnogospodarske lastnosti Gorjancev v sloveniji. Zb. gozdarstva in lesarstva, 17 (1): 1–242.

Košir, Ž. (1994): Ekološke in fitocenološke razmere v gorskem in hribovitem jugozahodnem obrobju Panonije. Zveza gozdarskih društev Slovenije, Ljubljana, 149 pp.

Kramer, K. U. (ed.) (1984): Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa. Gustav Hegi. Band I. Teil 1. Pterydophyta. Berlin, Hamburg, Verlag Paul Parey, 309 pp.

Lasen, C. & Urbinati, C. (1995): Typology and ecology of maple-linden and maple-ash forest communities: Preliminary considerations in northeastern Italian Prealpine ranges. Sauteria, 6: 21–56.

Marinček, L. (1990): Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Edellaubwälder Illyriens. In: Illyrische Einstrahlungen im ostalpin-dinarischen Raum, Symposium in Keszthely. 25–29. junij 1990, Pannon Agrauniversität, Fakultät Georgikon Keszthely, pp. 51–58.

Marinček, L., Mucina, L., Zupančič, M., Poldini, L., Dakskobler, I. & Accetto, M. (1993): Nomenklatorische Revision der Illyrischen Büchenwälder (Verband Aremonio-Fagion). Studia Geobotanica, 12: 121–135.

Marinček, L. (1994): Contribution to demarcation and phytogeographic division of the Illyrian floral province, based on vegetation and flora. Gortania, 16: 99–124.

Marinček, L. (1995a): Prispevek k poznavanju gozdov plemenitih listavcev v Sloveniji. Biol. vestn., 40 (3–4): 87–99.

Marinček, L. (1995b): Urwald Šumik in Slowenien. Sauteria, 6: 57–74.

Marinček, L. & Čarni, A. (2000): Die Unterverbände der Hainbuchenwälder des Verbandes Erythronio- Carpinion betuli (Horvat 1938) Marinček in Wallnöfer, Mucina et Grass 1993. Scopolia, 45: 1–20.

Martinčič, A. (2003): Seznam listnatih mahov (Bryopsida) Slovenije. Hacquetia, 2 (1): 91–166.

Martinčič, A., Wraber, T., Jogan, N., Ravnik, V., Podobnik, A., Turk, B. & Vreš, B. (1999): Mala flora Slovenije. Ključ za določanje praprotnic in semenk. Tehnična založba Slovenije, 845 pp.

Matuszkiewicz, W. & Matuszkiewicz, A. (1981): Das prinzip der mehrdimensionalen Gliederung der vegetations-Einheiten, erläutert am Beispiel der Eichen-Hainbuchenwälder in Polen. In: H. Dierschke (ed.): Berichte der Syntaxonomie. J. Cramer, Vaduz, pp. 123–148.

Müller, T. (1992): Verband: Tilio platyphyllis-Acerion pseudoplatani Klika 55. In: Oberdorfer, E. (ed.): Süddeutsche Pflanzengesellschaften. Wälder und Gebüsche. Jena, Gustav Fischer Verlag, pp. 173–192.

Oberdorfer, E. 1994. Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. 7 Auflage. Stuttgart, Verlag Eugen Ulmer, 1050 pp.

Ogrin, D. (1996): Podnebni tipi v Sloveniji. Geografski vestnik, Ljubljana, 68: 39–56.

Petračić, A. & Anić, M. (1952): Obični jasen (Fraxinus excelsior) u Zagrebačkoj gori. Glasnik za šumske poskuse, 10: 25–62.

Pignatti, S. (1982): Flora d’Italia. 1.2.3. Bologna. Podani, J. (2001): SYN-TAX 2000. Computer programs for data analysis in ecology and systematics. Budapest, 53 pp.

Poldini L. (1991): Atlante chorologico delle pinate vascolari nel Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Università degli studi di Trieste dipartimento di Biologia, Udine, 899 pp.

Poldini, L. & Nardini, S. (1993): Boschi di forra, faggete e abieteti in Friuli (NE Italia). Studia geobotanica, 13: 215–298.

Slovenija. Geološka karta 1: 500 000. Geodetski zavod Slovenije, 1993.

Stefanović, V. (1986): Fitocenologija sa pregledom šumskih fitocenoza Jugoslavije, »Svjetlost«, OOUR Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva, Sarajevo, 269 pp.

Sturm, M. (1978): Pflanzensociologische Untersuchungen an Wäldern und Wiesen in der Südweststeiermark. Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades an der Formal- und Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien.

Tichý, L. (2001): JUICE, software for vegetation classification. Journal of Vegetation Science, 13: 451–453.

Vukelić, J. & Rauš, Đ. (1998): Šumarska fitocenologija i šumske zajednice u Hrvatskoj. Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Zagreb, 310 pp.

Wallnöfer, S., Mucina, L. & Grass, V. (1993): Querco- Fagetea. In: L. Mucina, G. Grabherr and S. Wallnöfer (ed.): Die Pflanzengesellschaften Österreichs. Teil III. Jena, Stuttgart, New York, Gustav Fischer Verlag.

Weber, H. E., Moravec, J. & Theurillat, J.-P. (2000): International Code for Phytosociological Nomenclature. Journal of Vegetation Science, 11: 739–768.

Wraber, M. (1953): Tipološka podoba vegetacije višjih predelov Pohorja. (Die wichtigsten Vegetationstypen der höheren Lagen von Pohorje.). Biol. vestn., 2: 89–109.

Wraber, M. (1960): Fitosociološka razčlenitev gozdne vegetacije v Sloveniji. (Pflanzensoziologische Gliederung der Waldvegetation in Slove nien.). Ad Annum Horti Bot. labacensis Solemnem, pp. 49–96.

Zupan, M., Grčman, H. & Kočevar, H. (1998): Navodila za vaje iz Pedologije (za interno uporabo). Univerza v Ljubljani, Biotehniška fakulteta, Oddelek za Agronomijo, Ljubljana, 62 pp.

Zupančič, M., Marinček, L., Seliškar, A. & Puncer, I. (1987): Consideration on the phytogeographic division of Slovenia. Biogeographia, XIII: 89–98.

Zupančič, M. (1996): European maple association in Slovenia (Corydalido cavae-Aceretum pseudoplatani Moor 1938). Razprave IV. razr. SAZU, 37 (8): 189–205.

Zupančič, M. (1999): Smrekovi gozdovi Slovenije. Dela IV razreda SAZU 36, Ljubljana, 222 pp.

Zupančič, M. & Žagar, V. (1999): Asociacija Arunco- Aceretum Moor 1952 v severovzhodni Sloveniji. Razprave IV razreda SAZU, 40 (9): 315–361.

Published
2015-09-03
How to Cite
KoširP. (2015) “Forests of valuable broa-leaved trees on non-carbonate bedrock in Slovenia (Dryopterido affini-Aceretum pseudoplatani ass. nova hoc loco)”, Hacquetia, 4(1). Available at: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/2977 (Accessed: 15August2020).
Section
Articles