From fluid migration to stable circular migration: A case study from Hungary




international migration, circular migration, geographic system, economic crisis, Hungary


This article provides insight into long-term international migration flows to Hungary from 2006 to 2012. The article distinguishes territorial systems embedded in migration and circular inflows. It discusses the concept of international circular migration from an inward perspective. Second, it studies the spatial and temporal changes in the structure of first-time international migrants and circulators using unique tables. Finally, it maps circular migration around this new immigration country. The patterns are generated by the practice of international migrants in combination with the migration policies of the receiving governmental actors. It concludes that circulators lend a sort of stability to the immigration system. Based on an analysis of statistical tables, circular immigration flows remained relatively stable even from a spatial perspective. Exploring stability in the context of circular migration is one of the main innovative approaches of this article.


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How to Cite

Illés S, Kincses Áron, Simonyi P. From fluid migration to stable circular migration: A case study from Hungary. AGS [Internet]. 2022 Jun. 21 [cited 2022 Jul. 6];62(1):21-36. Available from: