Recent marriage and childbearing trends in Croatia and Slovenia: A comparative review

  • Vera Graovac Matassi University of Zadar, Department of Geography, Zadar, Croatia
  • Ana Talan
Keywords: population geography, marriage, childbearing, fertility, birth rates, Croatia, Slovenia

Abstract

The paper discusses the marriage and childbearing trends in Croatia and Slovenia from 1985 to 2017. We made a comparative review of several indicators related to marriage and childbearing trends: mean ages of women at first marriage and first childbirth, birth rates, births within and outside marriage, total fertility rate, tempo-adjusted fertility rate, age-specific fertility rates, and marriage rate. The analysis is based on the official statistical data provided by the statistical offices of both countries and Human Fertility Database. Many of the indicators, including the birth rate, total fertility rate and age-specific fertility rate, are somewhat more favourable in Slovenia than in Croatia. One of the major differences between the two countries is that in Slovenia the connection between marriage and childbearing is not as nearly significant as in Croatia.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Akrap, A. 2005: Demografsko stanje, trendovi, perspektive i nužnost provođenja populacijske politike u Republici Hrvatskoj. Zdravlje majki i djece 1-2.

Akrap, A. 2011: Sektor zaposlenosti žena i fertilitet u Hrvatskoj. Društvena istraživanja 20-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5559/di.20.1.01

Akrap, A. 2013: Demografski pogled na ulazak Hrvatske u Europsku uniju. Hrvatska revija 2.

Akrap, A. 2014: Činitelji fertiliteta u Hrvatskoj: nekad i danas. Zbornik radova znanstvenog skupa Demografija u Hrvatskoj. Zagreb.

Akrap, A. 2019: Stanovništvo u Hrvatskoj: čimbenici silaznih trendova. Obnovljeni život 74-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31337/oz.74.3.4

Akrap, A., Čipin, I. 2011a: Usklađivanje poslovnoga i obiteljskoga života u Hrvatskoj: utjecaj na fertilitet. Društvena istraživanja 20-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5559/di.20.1.03

Akrap, A., Čipin, I. 2011b: Zaposlenost žena i fertilitet u Hrvatskoj. Zagreb.

Baizán, P., Aassve, A., Billari, F.C. 2003: Cohabitation, marriage, and first birth: The interrelationship of family formation events in Spain. European Journal of Population 19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1023343001627

Boh, K. 1988: Poskus sociološke analize nizke rodnosti. Družboslovne razprave 6-5.

Boh, K. 1999: (Ne)uspehi prebivalstvene politike. Družboslovne spremembe na Slovenskem. Ljubljana.

Bongaarts, J., Feeney, G. 1998: On the quantum and tempo of fertility. Population and Development Review 24-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2807974

Croatian Bureau of Statistics, 2018: Women and men in Croatia. Zagreb.

Černič Istenič, M. 2007: Understandings of responsible parenthood among university educated: 'Listening to our conscience is a very demanding vocation'. Anthropological Notebooks 13-2.

Černič Istenič, M. 2009: Differences in fertility behaviour among the farm, rural and urban populations in Slovenia. Eastern European Countryside 15-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10130-009-0004-6

Čipin, I. 2010: Demografija vrlo niskog fertiliteta u Hrvatskoj. Ph.D. thesis, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Economics. Zagreb.

Čipin, I. 2011: Obrazovanje i fertilitet zaposlenih žena u Hrvatskoj. Društvena istraživanja 20-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5559/di.20.1.02

Friganović, M. A., Šterc, S. 1993: Demografski razvoj i populacijska politika Republike Hrvatske. Društvena istraživanja 2-1.

Goldstein, J. R., Kreyenfeld, M., Jasilioniene, A., Karaman Örsal, D. 2013: Fertility reactions to the "Great Recession" in Europe: Recent evidence from order-specific data. Demographic Research 29-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2013.29.4

Jakoš, A. 2009: Planning, demographic and Slovenia. Urbani izziv 20-1.

Josipovič, D. 2003: Geographical factors of fertility. Acta Geographica Slovenica 43-1.

Josipovič, D. 2004: Dejavniki rodnostnega obnašanja v Sloveniji. Geografija Slovenije 4. Ljubljana.

Josipovič, D. 2006: Rodnostno obnašanje in priseljevanje v Sloveniji v obdobju po drugi svetovni vojni. Razprave in gradivo - Inštitut za narodnostna vprašanja 50.

Josipovič, D. 2007: Education and fertility: Do educated parents have fewer children? Anthropological Notebooks 13-2.

Josipovič, D. 2014: Baby-boom v Sloveniji? Soočanje z demografskimi izzivi. Ljubljana.

Kerbler, B. 2015: Population aging in Slovenia: A spatial perspective. Acta geographica Slovenica 55-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/AGS.1885

Kiernan, K. 2001: The rise of cohabitation and childbearing outside marriage in western Europe. International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family 15/1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/lawfam/15.1.1

Klempić, S., Lajić, I. 2005: Prirodno i mehaničko kretanje stanovništva priobalnih, kanalskih i pučinskih otoka Jadranskog mora. Zbornik radova 3. hrvatskog geografskog kongresa. Zagreb.

Knežević Hočevar, D. 2007: A diploma and children; having both. Anthropological Notebooks 13-2.

Kogovšek Šalamon, N. 2018: Migration Law in Slovenia. Alphen aan den Rijn.

Kričaj Korelc, B. 2005: Pojavne oblike in dejavniki razvoja sodobnega partnerstva in družine. Anthropos 37, 1-4.

Kuhar, M. 2013: Analiza dejavnikov podaljšanega sobivanja staršev in otrok v Sloveniji. Teorija in praksa 50, 5-6.

Laslett, P., Oosterveen, K., Smith, Richard. M. 1980: Bastardy and its Comparative History. London.

Lanzieri, G. 2013: Towards a "baby recession" in Europe? Differential fertility trends during the economic crisis. Statistics in Focus 13.

Lappegård, T., Rønsen, M. 2005: The multifaceted impact of education on entry into motherhood. European Journal of Population 21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10680-004-6756-9

Lesthaeghe, R. 2007: Second demographic transition. The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology. Oxford.

Liefbroer, A. C., Corijn, M. 1999: Who, what, where, and when? Specifying the impact of educational attainment and labour force participation on family formation. European Journal of Population 15.

Magaš, D. 2013: Geografija Hrvatske. Zadar – Zagreb. Malačič, J. 2015: Prebivalstvena politika Slovenije. Anali PAZU HD 1-1.

Malačič, J., Sambt, J. 2014: Fertilitet u Sloveniji i Hrvatskoj u posljednjim desetljećima i jednostavno obnavljanje stanovništva. Znanstveni skup Demografija u Hrvatskoj. Zagreb.

Mrđen, S. 1997: Rađanja izvan braka u Hrvatskoj. Geoadria 2-1.

Nacionalna populacijska politika 2006. Narodne novine 132/2006.

Nejašmić, I. 1986: Prirodno kretanje stanovništva SR Hrvatske prema tipu naselja boravka. Hrvatski geografski glasnik 48-1.

Nejašmić, I. 2000: Prirodno kretanje stanovništva hrvatskog otočja (1991-1997). Zbornik 2. hrvatskoga geografskog kongresa. Zagreb.

Nejašmić, I. 2002: Demografski razvoj u europskim postsocijalističkim zemljama (1990.-1999.). Društvena istraživanja: časopis za opća društvena pitanja 11, 4-5.

Nejašmić, I. 2008: Stanovništvo Hrvatske – demografske studije i analize. Zagreb.

Nejašmić, I., Bašić, K., Toskić, A. 2008: Prostorne značajke nataliteta u Hrvatskoj. Hrvatski geografski glasnik 70-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21861/hgg.2008.70.02.05

Oinonen, E. 2008: Families in converging Europe: A comparison of forms, structures and ideals. London.

Pavić, D. 2014: Trend i čimbenici izvanbračnih rođenja u Hrvatskoj od 1998. do 2012. godine. Revija za sociologiju 44-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5613/rzs.44.2.2

Perelli-Harris, B., Sigle-Rushton, W., Kreyenfeld, M., Lappegård, T., Keizer, R., Bergammer, C. 2010: The educational gradient of childbearing within cohabitation in Europe. Population and Development Review 36-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2010.00357.x

Smrke, M., Uhan, S. 2012: Atheism in post-socialist conditions: the case of Slovenia. Teorija in praksa 49-3.

Sobotka, T. 2011: Fertility in Central and Eastern Europe after 1989: Collapse and gradual recovery. Historical Social Research 36-2.

Sobotka, T. 2017: Post-transitional fertility: childbearing postponement and the shift to low and unstable fertility levels. Vienna Institute of Demography Working Papers 1.

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, 2018: Methodological explanations. Internet: https://www.stat.si/StatWeb/File/DocSysFile/8033 (15. 12. 2019.).

Strehovec, T. 2012: Marriages and cohabitations from theological, demographic and social perspective. Bogoslovni vestnik 72-2.

Stropnik, N. 2007: Fertility behaviour of highly educated people in Slovenia. Anthropological Notebooks 13-2.

Stropnik, N. 2014: Investing in children: Breaking the cycle of disadvantage. A study of national policies. Slovenia. Brussels.

Stropnik, N., Šircelj, M. 2008: Slovenia: Generous family policy without evidence of any fertility impact. Demographic Research 19-26. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.26

Šircelj, M. 2007: Fertility and educational attainment in Slovenia. Anthropological Notebooks 13-2.

van de Kaa, D. J. 2002: The idea of a second demographic transition in industrialized countries. Sixth Welfare Policy Seminar of the National Institute of Population and Social Security, Tokyo.

Vertot, N., Križman, I. 2009: Mladi v Sloveniji. Ljubljana.

Vodeb-Bonač, M. 1991: Poroke, razveze, otroci – kaj nam pove statistika. Socialno delo 30, 1-2.

Vrišer, I. 1992: Industrialization of Slovenia. GeoJournal 27. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00185099

Wertheimer-Baletić, A. 1999: Stanovništvo i razvoj. Zagreb.

Wertheimer-Baletić, A. 2005a: Polazišta za populacijsku pronatalističku politiku u Hrvatskoj. Zbornik radova Ekonomskog fakulteta u Rijeci: časopis za ekonomsku teoriju i praksu 23-2.

Wertheimer-Baletić, A. 2005b: Razmatranja o posttranzicijskoj etapi razvoja stanovništva. Radovi 37-1.

Published
2021-07-28
How to Cite
1.
Graovac MatassiV, Talan A. Recent marriage and childbearing trends in Croatia and Slovenia: A comparative review. AGS [Internet]. 2021Jul.28 [cited 2021Sep.24];61(1):25–40. Available from: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/ags/article/view/8596