Periodically inundated uvalas and collapse dolines of Upper Pivka, Slovenia

  • Uroš Stepišnik University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Art, Department of Geography, Ljubljana, Slovenia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8475-8630
  • Petra Gostinčar Sinergise, d. o. o., Ljubljana, Slovenia
Keywords: geophysics, electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), geomorphology, collapse doline, uvala, shallow karst, karst, Slovenia

Abstract

Within the area of Upper Pivka there is a number of intermittent lakes because of oscillation of water table level close to the surface i.e. shallow karst. Our survey was focused on morphogenetic interpretation of depressions hosting intermittent lakes by means of classic morphographic mapping and sediment analyses that was supported by electrical resistivity tomography. We can interpret at least two different morphogenetic types of depressions. One type are depressions which are periodically inundated uvalas positioned in-between conical hills. The second type are circular depressions within karst plain that are collapse dolines filled with extensive flood deposits up to several metres thick.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Brook, G. A., Hanson, M., 1991: Double Fourier-Series Analysis of Cockpit and Doline Karst near Browns Town, Jamaica. Physical Geography 12-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02723646.1991.10642417

Buser, S., Ferjančič, L., Grad, K., Turnšek, D., Mencej, Z., Orehek, A., Pavlovec, R., Pleničar, M., Prestor, M., Rijavec, J., Šribar, L. 1967: Osnovna geološka karta SFRJ 1 : 100.000, list Postojna. Savezni geološki zavod. Beograd.

Cvijić, J., 1893: Das Karstphänomen: Versuch einer Morphologischen Monographie. Wien.

Čar, J. 1982: Geološka zgradba požiralnega obrobja Planinskega polja. Acta Carsologica 10-4.

Ćalić, J. 2011: Karstic uvala revisited: Toward a redefinition of the term. Geomorphology 134, 1-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2011.06.029

Day, M., Chenoweth, S. 2004: Cockpit Country Cone Karst, Jamaica. Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science. New York.

Državna topografska karta Republike Slovenije 1:25.000. Geodetska uprava Republike Slovenije. Ljubljana, 2018. Internet: www.gu.gov.si (10. 10. 2018).

Državna topografska karta Republike Slovenije 1:100.000. Geodetska uprava Republike Slovenije. Ljubljana, 2018. Internet: www.gu.gov.si (10. 10. 2018).

Ferk, M., 2016. Paleopoplave v porečju kraške Ljubljanice. Ljubljana.

Ferk, M., Lipar, M., Šmuc, A., Drysdale, N. R., Zhao, J. 2019: Chronology of heterogeneous deposits in the side entrance of Postojna Cave, Slovenia. Acta geographica Slovenica 59-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/AGS.7059

Ferk, M., Stepišnik, U. 2011: Geomorfološke značilnosti Rakovega Škocjana. Ljubljana.

Ford, D., Williams, P. D. 2007: Karst Hydrogeology and Geomorphology. Chichester.

Gams, I. 1966: On the hydrology of the territory among the poljes of Postojna, Planina and Cerknica. Acta Carsologica 4-1.

Gams, I. 2003: Kras v Sloveniji v prostoru in času. Ljubljana.

Gams, I., Kunaver, J., Radinja, D. 1973: Slovenska kraška terminologija. Ljubljana.

Godard, V., Ollivier, V., Bellier, O., Miramont, C., Shabanian, E., Fleury, J., Benedetti, L., Guillou, V. 2016: Weathering-limited hillslope evolution in carbonate landscapes. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 446. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2016.04.017

Gospodarič, R., Habič, P. 1976: Underground water tracing: investigations in Slovenia 1972-1975. Postojna.

Habič, P. 1975: Pivka in njena kraška jezera. Ljudje in kraji ob Pivki. Ljubljana.

Habič, P. 1976: Geomorphologic and Hydrologic Characteristics. Underground water tracing. Investigations in Slovenia 1972-1975. Ljubljana.

Habič, P. 1985–1986: Površinska razčlenjenost Dinarskega krasa. Acta Carsologica 14-15, 1.

Habič, P. 1989: Kraška bifurkacija Pivke na jadransko črnomorskem razvodju. Acta Carsologica 18-1.

Habič, Š. 2005: Pivka, dolina presihajočih jezer. Vrhniški razgledi 6-1.

Herman, R. 2001: An introduction to electrical resistivity in geophysics. American Journal of Physics 69-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1119/1.1378013

Kaufmann, O., Deceuster, J., Quinif, Y. 2012: An electrical resistivity imaging-based strategy to enable site-scale planning over covered palaeokarst features in the Tournaisis area (Belgium). Engineering Geology 133-134. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2012.01.017

Kovačič, G. 2006: Relief evolution in the hinterland of the Pivka River. Acta geographica Slovenica 46-1.

Kovačič, G., Habič, Š. 2005. Kraška presihajoča jezera Pivke (JZ Slovenija) ob visokih vodah novembra 2000. Acta Carsologica 34-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/ac.v34i3.310

Kranjc, A. 1985: Poplavni svet ob Pivki. Ljudje in kraji ob Pivki. Postojna.

Lidar. Agencija Republike Slovenije za okolje in prostor. Ljubljana, 2019. Internet: http://gis.arso.gov.si/atlasokolja/profile.aspx?id=Atlas_Okolja_AXL@Arso (10. 10. 2015).

Lipar, M., Stepišnik, U., Ferk, M. 2019: Multiphase breakdown sequence of collapse doline morphogenesis: An example from Quaternary aeolianites in Western Australia. Geomorphology 327. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2018.11.031

Mihevc, A. 2010: Geomorphology. Introduction to Dinaric karst. Postojna.

Mihevc, A., Stepišnik, U. 2012: Electrical resistivity imaging of cave Divaška jama, Slovenia. Journal of caves and karst studies 74-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4311/2010ES0138R1

Mulec, J., Mihevc, A., Pipan, T., 2005. Presihajoča jezera na Pivškem. Acta Carsologica 34-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/ac.v34i3.311

Pavlopoulos, K., Evelpidou, N., Vassilopoulos, A., 2009. Mapping Geomorphological Environments. Berlin.

Pleničar, M. 1959: Tektonski okni pri Knežaku. Geologija 5-1.

Ravbar, N., Šebela, S. 2004: The karst periodical lakes of Upper Pivka, Slovenia. Acta Carsologica 33-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/ac.v33i1.322

Smrekar, A., Šmid Hribar, M., Tiran, J., Erhartič, B. 2014: Interpretacija okolja na primeru Ljubljanskega barja. Ljubljana.

Stepišnik, U. 2006: Loamy sediment fills in collapse dolines near the Ljubljanica River springs, Dinaric Karst, Slovenia. Cave and Karst Science 33-3.

Stepišnik, U. 2008: The application of electrical resistivity imaging in collapse doline floors: Divača karst, Slovenia. Studia Geomorphologica Carpatho-Balcanica 42.

Stepišnik, U. 2010: Udornice v Sloveniji. Ljubljana.

Stepišnik, U. 2011: Sediments in collapse dolines on the Kras plateau, Slovenia. Acta geographica Slovenica 51-1.

Stepišnik, U., Kosec, G. 2011: Modelling of slope processes on karst. Acta Carsologica 40-2.

Stepišnik, U., Mihevc, A. 2008: Investigation of structure of various surface karst formations in limestone and dolomite bedrock with application of the Electrical resistivity imaging. Acta Carsologica 37-1.

Stepišnik, U., Repe, B. 2015: Identifikacija vročih točk geodiverzitete na primeru krajinskega parka Rakov Škocjan. Dela 44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4312/dela.44.45-62

Stepišnik, U., Trenchovska, A., 2016: A proposal of quatitative geodiversity evaluation model on the example of Upper Pivka Karst, Slovenia. Dela 46. DOI: https://10.4312/dela.46.2.41-65

Šikić, D., Pleničar, M. 1975: Osnovna geološka karta SFRJ 1 : 100.000, list Ilirska Bistrica, tolmač. Savezni geološki zavod. Beograd.

Šikić, D., Pleničar, M., Šparica, M. 1972: Osnovna geološka karta SFRJ 1 : 100.000, list Ilirska Bistrica. Savezni geološki zavod. Beograd.

Šušteršič, F. 1994: Reka sedmerih imen: s poti po notranjskem krasu. Logatec, Naklo.

Temeljni topografski načrt 1 : 5.000. Geodetska uprava Republike Slovenije. Ljubljana, 2018. Internet: www.gu.gov.si (10. 10. 2018).

Waltham, T., Bell, F., Culshaw, M. 2005: Sinkholes and subsidence: Karst and cavernous rocks in engineering and construction. Chichester.

Yeboah-Forson, A., Comas, X., Whitman, D. 2014: Integration of electrical resistivity imaging and ground penetrating radar to investigate solution features in the Biscayne Aquifer. Journal of Hydrology 515. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.04.045

Zhou, W., Beck, B. F., Adams, A. C. 2002: Effective electrode array in mapping karst hazards in electrical resistivity tomography. Environmental Geology 42-1.

Zhou, W., Beck, B. F., Stephenson, J. B. 2000: Reliability of dipole-dipole electrical resistivity tomography for defining depth to bedrock in covered karst terrains. Environmental Geology 39-1.

Zupan Hajna, N., Pruner, P., Mihevc, A., Schnabl, P., Bosák, P. 2008: Cave sediments from the Postojnska-Planinska cave system (Slovenia): evidence of multi-phase evolution in epiphreatic zone. Acta Carsologica 37-1.

Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
1.
Stepišnik U, Gostinčar P. Periodically inundated uvalas and collapse dolines of Upper Pivka, Slovenia. AGS [Internet]. 2020Dec.31 [cited 2021Mar.4];60(2):91-150. Available from: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/ags/article/view/8051