Assessment of Agricultural Land Fragmentation in Romania, A Case Study: Izvoarele Commune, Olt County
AbstractAgricultural land fragmentation is a common phenomenon in developing countries in general and for Romanian agriculture in particular. The aim of this study was to analyze the degree of fragmentation of Romania’s agricultural land, which is considered a major obstacle in the development of a modern agriculture. The analysis undertaken has shown that the degree of land fragmentation is high in the study area; the most fragmented are the big farms, while the small ones are more compact. At the same time, due to the scattered distribution of plots and the long distances between holdings, many fields have been turned into fallow land and consequently productivity has dropped. Under the circumstances, half of the owners are against the proposed process of merging plots because they are afraid of losing their properties again, as occurred during the communist regime.
Bentley, J. W. 1987: Economic and ecological approaches to land fragmentation: In defense of a much-aligned phenomenon. Annual Review of Anthropology 16. Palo Alto.
Binns, B.O. 1950: The consolidation of fragmented agricultural holdings. FAO Agricultural Studies 11. Washington.
Di Falco, S., Penov, I., Aleksiev, A., Rensburg, TM. 2009: Agrobiodiversity, farm profits and land fragmentation: Evidence from Bulgaria. Land use policy 27-3. Amsterdam. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2009.10.007
Farmer, B. H. 1960: On not controlling subdivision in paddy lands. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 28. London.
Hristov, J. 2009: Assessment of the impact of high fragmented land upon the productivity and profitability of the farms: the case of the Macedonian vegetable growers. Faculty of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences. Uppsala.
Igbozurike, M.U. 1974: Land tenure relations, social relations and the analysis of spatial discontinuity. Area 6-2. London.
Jabarin, A.S, Epplin, F. M. 1994: Impacts of land fragmentation on the cost of producing wheat in the rain-fed region of northern Jordan. Agricultural Economics London 11-2/3. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0169-5150(94)00027-1
Januszewski, J. 1968: Index of land consolidation as a criterion of the degree of concentration. Geographica Polonica 14. Warszawa.
King R. L., Burton, S.: 1982. Land fragmentation: Notes on a fundamental rural spatial problem. Progress in Human Geography 6. London.
King, R. L., Burton, S. 1985: Land fragmentation. Madison.
Kopeva, D., Mishev, P., Howe, K. S. 1994: Land reform and liquidation of collective farm assets in Bulgarian agriculture: progress and prospects. Communist economies and economic transformation 6-2. London.
Legea fondului funciar 18. Monitorul Oficial 37/1991. Bucharest.
MacPherson, M. F., Malcom, F. 1982: Land fragmentation: a selected literature review. Cambridge.
Melmed-Sanjak, J., Bloch, P., Hanson, R. 1998: Project for the analysis of land tenure and agricultural productivity in the republic of Macedonia. Working paper 19. Madison.
Müller, D., Wode, B. 2003: Manual on participatory village mapping using photomaps. Trainer guide.Internet: http://www.iapad.org/publications/ppgis/participatory_mapping_using_phot. (12. 6. 2011).
Niroula, G.S., Thapa, G.B. 2005: Impacts and causes of land fragmentation, and lessons learned from land consolidation in South Asia. Land use policy 22-4. Amsterdam.
National Statistical Institute, Bucharest, 2002.
National Statistical Institute, Bucharest, 2008.
Ram, K. A., Tsunekawa, A., Sahad, D. K., Miyazaki, T. 1999: Subdivizion and fragmentation of land holdings and their implication in desertification in the Thar desert, India. Journal of arid environments 41-4. Amsterdam. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jare.1999.0495
Roche, J. 1956: Important aspects of consolidation in France. “Land Tenure”. Maddison.
Rusu, M., Florian, V., Popa, M., Marin, P., Pamfil, V. 2002: Land fragmentation and land consolidation in the agricultural sector. A case study from Romania. Munich. Internet: http://www.fao.org/regional/seur/events/munich/docs/romania_paper.pdf (25.5.2011).
Simion, G. 2008: Geographical Analysis of the Land Fragmentation Process Based on participatory mapping and satellite images. Case studies of Ciorogârla and Vănătorii Mici from the Bucharest metropolitan area. Human Geographies 2-1. Bucharest.
Sikor, T., Müller, D., Stahl, J. 2009: Land fragmentation and cropland abandonment in Albania: Implications for the roles of state and community in postsocialist land consolidation. World Development 37-8. Amsterdam.
Simmons, S. 1987: Land Fragmentation and Consolidation: A theoretical model of land configuration with an empirical analysis of fragmentation in Thailand. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland. College Park.
Simmons, S. 1988: Land fragmentation in developing countries: the optimal choice and policy implications. Explorations in economic history 25. Amsterdam.
Tan, S.H., Heerink, N., Qu, F. T. 2006: Land fragmentation and its driving forces in China. Land use policy 23-3. Amsterdam. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2004.12.001
Thapa, G.B., Niroula, G.S. 2008: Alternative options of land consolidation in the mountains of Nepal: an analysis based on stakeholders’ opinions. Land use policy 25-3. Amsterdam. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2007.09.002
Van Hung, P., MacAulay, T.G., Sally, P. P. 2007: The Economics of Land Fragmentation in the North of Vietnam. Australian journal of agricultural and resource economics 51-2. Canberra. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8489.2007.00378.x
Copyright (c) 2019 Acta geographica Slovenica
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.