Landscape macrotypologies and microtypologies of Slovenia

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3986/AGS.10384

Keywords:

regional geography, landscape, landscape type, landscape typification, landscape typology, landscape diversity, Slovenia, Europe

Abstract

This work discusses the historical development of landscape typologies of Slovenia, focusing on methodology, terminology, criteria for the division of territory, and landscape type hierarchy. It presents all five macrotypologies of Slovenia created between 1946 and 2013, Slovenia’s classification in nine selected macrotypologies of Europe produced between 1995 and 2016, and eight examples of microtypologies of smaller areas of Slovenia made between 1985 and 2020. It compares and evaluates similar typologies. If, in addition to the landscape typology, a geographical regionalization was also produced, common points are sought between the two. The macrotypologies and microtypologies of Slovenia are accompanied by an original and updated map.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Acharya, T., Ray, A. K. 2005: Image processing. Principles and applications. Hoboken.

Aimée, E., Fridl, J., Orožen Adamič, M., Pavšek, M., Perko, D. 1996 (eds.): KulturAtlas Slowenien. KulturAtlas Europa 6. Gotha, Stuttgart.

Bailey, R. G. 1996: Ecosystem geography. New York.

Bailey, R. G. 2004: Identifying Ecoregion Boundaries. Environmental Management 34 (S1). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-003-0163-6

Belbin, L., McDonald, C. 1993: Comparing three classification strategies for use in ecology. Journal of Vegetation Science 4-3.

Berk, S., Kete, P., Žagar, T., Pegan Žvokelj, B., Košir., J. 2012: Ocena proizvodne sposobnosti zemljišč iz razpoložljivih prostorskih podatkov. Geografski informacijski sistemi v Sloveniji 2011–2012. GIS v Sloveniji 11. Ljubljana.

Bernert, J. A., Eilers, J. M., Freemark, K. E., Ribic, C. 1997: A quantitative method for delineating regions: an example for the western corn belt plains ecoregion of the USA. Environmental Management 21-3.

Biogeographical regions. European environmental agency. Copenhagen, 2016. URL: https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/biogeographical-regions-europe-3 (1. 12. 2021).

Bohn, U., Neuhäusl, R., Gollub, G., Hettwer, C., Neuhäuslová, Z., Raus, Th., Schlüter, H., Weber, H. 2003: Karte der natürlichen Vegetation Europas / Map of the Natural Vegetation of Europe. Münster.

Bratina Jurkovič, N. 2008: Evropska konvencija o krajini: izvajanje v Sloveniji. Ljubljana.

Breskvar Žaucer, L., Marušič, J. 2006: Analiza krajinskih tipov z uporabo umetnih nevronskih mrež. Geodetski vestnik 50-2.

Brown, G., Brabyn, L. 2012: An analysis of the relationships between multiple values and physical landscapes at a regional scale using public participation GIS and landscape character classification. Landscape and Urban Planning 107-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.06.007

Bryan, B. A. 2006: Synergistic techniques for better understanding and classifying the environmental structure of landscapes. Environmental Management 37-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-004-0058-1

Burrough, P. A., Wilson, J. P., van Gaans, P. F. M., Hansen, A. J. 2001: Fuzzy k-means classification of topo-climatic data as an aid to forest mapping in the Greater Yellowstone Area, USA. Landscape ecology 16-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1013167712622

Castillo-Rodríguez, M., López-Blanco, J., Muñoz-Salinas, E. 2010: A geomorphologic GIS-multivariate analysis approach to delineate environmental units, a case study of La Malinche volcano (central México). Applied Geography 30-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2010.01.003

Council of Europe 2007: Synoptic presentation of the status of landscape policies pursued by the member states of the Council of Europe 2006. Information Document, Strasbourg.

Ciglič, R. 2009: Slovenija v naravnogeografskih členitvah Evrope. Geografski vestnik 81-2.

Ciglič, R. 2012: Evaluation of digital data layers for establishing natural landscape types in Slovenia. Landscapes: Perception, Knowledge, Awareness, and Action: Proceedings of the FG-SHU International Symposium on Geography. New York.

Ciglič, R. 2015: Izdelava metode določanja naravnih pokrajinskih tipov na lokalni ravni in njihovega kartografskega prikaza za izbrane slovenske občine. Final report, ZRC SAZU. Ljubljana.

Ciglič, R. 2018: Assessing the impact of input data incongruity in selected quantitative methods for modelling natural landscape typologies. Geografski vestnik 90-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/GV90107

Ciglič, R., Perko, D. 2012: Slovenia in geographical typifications and regionalizations of Europe. Geografski vestnik 84-1.

Ciglič, R. Perko, D. 2017: A method for evaluating raster data layers according to landscape classification scale. Ecological Informatics 39. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoinf.2017.03.004

Ciglič, R., Perko, D. 2013a: Europe’s hotspots. Acta geographica Slovenica 53-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/AGS53106

Ciglič, R., Perko, D. 2013b: Pokrajinska raznolikost Slovenije kot razvojna priložnost za turizem. Nove razvojne perspektive, Regionalni razvoj 4. Ljubljana.

Ciglič, R., Perko, D. 2015: Modelling as a method for evaluating natural landscape typology: The case of Slovenia. Landscape Analysis and Planning. Cham.

Ciglič, R., Štrumbelj, E., Češnovar, R., Hrvatin, M., Perko, D. 2019: Evaluating existing manually constructed natural landscape classification with a machine learning-based approach. Journal of spatial information science 18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5311/JOSIS.2019.18.464

Congalton, R.G. 1991: A review of assessing the accuracy of classifications of remotely sensed data. Remote Sensing of Environment 37-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0034-4257(91)90048-B

Cullum, C., Rogers, K. H., Brierley, G., Witkowski, E. T. 2016: Ecological classification and mapping for landscape management and science: Foundations for the description of patterns and processes. Progress in Physical Geography: Earth and Environment 40-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0309133315611573

Council of Europe 1996: Pan-European biological and landscape diversity strategy. Nature and environment 74. Strasbourg.

Černe, A., Klemenčič, M., Plut, D. 1981: Metodologija opredeljevanja pokrajinskih enot na primeru tržiške občine. Gorenjska. Ljubljana.

Dempsey, K. E. Wilbrand, S. M. 2017: The role of the region in the European Landscape Convention. Regional Studies 51-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2016.1144923

DMEER: Digital map of European ecological regions. European environmental agency. Copenhagen, 2003. URL: https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/digital-map-of-european-ecological-regions (1. 12. 2021)

Dolenc, D., Fridl, J., Kladnik, D., Perko, D., Repolusk, P. (eds.) 2007: Popisni atlas Slovenije 2002. Ljubljana.

Drăguţ, L., Eisank, C. 2012: Automated object-based classification of topography from SRTM data. Geomorphology 141–142. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2011.12.001

Drozg, V., Kolnik, K., Klemenčič, M. M., Lovrenčak, F., Horvat, U. (eds.) 2004: Teorija in praksa regionalizacije. Maribor.

Drozg, V., Perko, D. (eds.) 1996a: Severni subpanonski svet. Regionalnogeografska monografija Slovenije. Ljubljana.

Drozg, V., Perko, D. (eds.) 1996b: Vzhodni in severovzhodni predalpski svet. Regionalnogeografska monografija Slovenije. Ljubljana.

Eastman, J. R. 2009: IDRISI Taiga. Guide to GIS and Image Processing. Worcester.

Ellison, A. M. 2010: Repeatability and transparency in ecological research. Ecology 91-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1890/09-0032.1

Erikstad, L., Uttakleiv, L. A., Halvorsen, R. 2015: Characterisation and mapping of landscape types, a case study from Norway. Belgeo 3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4000/belgeo.17412

European Environment Agency 1995: Europe's Environment - The Dobris Assessment. State of the environment report 1/1995. Copenhagen.

Ferreira, A. 2006: Pokrajinskoekološka členitev Zgornje Gorenjske. Dela 26.

Fňukalová, E., Romportl, D. 2014: A typology of natural landscapes of Central Europe. AUC Geographica 49-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14712/23361980.2014.15

Fridl, J., Gabrovec, M., Hrvatin, M., Orožen Adamič, M., Pavšek, M., Perko, D. 1996: Tipi pokrajin in naravne nesreče. Spodnje Podravje s Prlekijo. Ljubljana.

Fridl, J., Kladnik, D., Orožen Adamič, M., Pavšek, M., Perko, D., Repolusk, P., Urbanc, M. (eds.) 2007: Slovenia in Focus. Ljubljana.

Fridl, J., Kladnik, D., Orožen Adamič, M., Perko, D. (eds.) 1998a: Geografski atlas Slovenije. Ljubljana.

Fridl, J., Kladnik, D., Orožen Adamič, M., Perko, D., Zupančič, J. (eds.) 2001: National Atlas of Slovenia. Ljubljana.

Fridl, J., Orožen Adamič, M., Perko, D., Urbanc, M. (eds.) 1998b: Geografski atlas za osnovno šolo. Ljubljana.

Gabrovec, M. 1996: Solar radiation and the diverse relief of Slovenia. Geografski zbornik 36.

Gams, I. 1970: Geomorfološke in klimatske razmere v Jugovzhodni Koroški. Jugovzhodna Koroška. Ljubljana.

Gams, I. 1975: Pokrajinska ekologija soseske Soča. Zgornje Posočje. Ljubljana.

Gams, I. 1979: K pokrajinsko ekološki razčlenitvi mariborske regije. Mariborsko Podravje. Maribor.

Gams, I. 1998: Lega Slovenije v Evropi in med njenimi makroregijami. Geografija Slovenije. Ljubljana.

Gams, I., Kunaver, J., Lovrenčak, F., Radinja, D. 1974: Prispevek k prirodnogeografski tipologiji pokrajine v porečju Voglajne in zgornje Sotle. Voglajnsko-Sotelska Slovenija. Ljubljana.

Gams, I., Lovrenčak, F., Plut, D. 1978: Soča, Breginj in Kamno v pokrajinsko-ekološki primerjavi. Zgornje Posočje. Ljubljana.

Geršič, M., Ciglič, R., Perko, D. 2018: Pokrajinska in zemljepisnoimenska raznolikost v Sloveniji. Pokrajina v visoki ločljivosti, GIS v Sloveniji 14. Ljubljana.

Geršič, M., Perko, D. 2020: Pokrajinska identiteta v Sloveniji. Pokrajine v Sloveniji, Lex localis. Maribor.

Grondin, P., Gauthier, S., Borcard, D., Bergeron, Y., Noël, J. 2014: A new approach to ecological land classification for the Canadian boreal forest that integrates disturbances. Landscape Ecology 29. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-013-9961-2

Hargrove, W. W., Hoffman, F. M. 2005: Potential of multivariate quantitative methods for delineation and visualization of ecoregions. Environmental Management 34-S1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-003-1084-0

Hrvatin, M. 2016: Morfometrične značilnosti površja na različnih kamninah v Sloveniji. Koper.

Hrvatin, M. Perko, D. 2000: Regionalizacija in tipizacija Mestne občine Ljubljana. Ljubljana: geografija mesta. Ljubljana.

Ilešič, S. 1956: Slovenske pokrajine. Geografski obzornik 3-2.

Ilešič, S. 1958: Problemi geografske rajonizacije ob primeru Slovenije. Geografski vestnik 29–30.

Ilešič, S. 1972: Slovenske pokrajine. Geografski vestnik 44.

Ilešič, S. 1981: Redakcijska zasnova in struktura predvidene regionalno-geografske monografije Slovenije. Geografski vestnik 53.

The indicative map of European Biogeographical Regions, methodology and development. European topic centre on biological diversity. Paris, 1996.

Izakovičevá, Z. 2014: Landscape typology of the Slovak Republic, IALE-Europe Thematic Workshop “Advances in Spatial Typologies: How to move from concepts to practice?”. Lisbon.

Jasiewicz, J., Netzel, P., Stepinski, T. F. 2014: Landscape similarity, retrieval, and machine mapping of physiographic units. Geomorphology 221. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2014.06.011

Jongman, R. H. G., Bunce, R. G. H., Metzger, M. J., Mücher, C. A., Howard, D. C., Mateus, V. L. 2006: Objectives and applications of a statistical environmental stratification of Europe. Landscape Ecology 21-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-005-6428-0

Kladnik, D. 1996: Naravnogeografske členitve Slovenije. Geografski vestnik 68. Ljubljana.

Kladnik, D., Perko, D. (eds.) 1996a: Submediteranski svet. Regionalnogeografska monografija Slovenije. Ljubljana.

Kladnik, D., Perko, D. (eds.) 1996b: Visoki kraški svet. Regionalnogeografska monografija Slovenije. Ljubljana.

Kladnik, D., Perko, D. 1998: Zgodovina regionalizacij Slovenije. Slovenija: pokrajine in ljudje. Ljubljana.

Klingseisen, B., Metternicht, G., Paulus, G. 2008: Geomorphometric landscape analysis using a semi-automated GIS-approach. Environmental Modelling & Software 23-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2007.05.007

Kozjek, K., Dolinar, M., Skok, G. 2017: Objective climate classification of Slovenia. International Journal of Climatology 37-S1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.5042

Lausch, A., Blaschke, T., Haase, D., Herzog, F., Syrbe, R.-U., Tischendorf, L., Walz, U. 2015: Understanding and quantifying landscape structure – A review on relevant process characteristics, data models and landscape metrics. Ecological Modelling 295. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2014.08.018

Leathwick, J. R., Overton, J. M., McLeod, M. 2003: An environmental domain classification of New Zealand and its use as a tool for biodiversity management. Conservation Biology 17-6.

Lotufo, R. A., Audigier, R., Saúde, A. V., Machado, R. C. 2008: Morphological image processing. Microscope Image Processing, Burlington, San Diego, London.

Loveland, T. R., Merchant, J. M. 2004: Ecoregions and ecoregionalization: geographical and ecological perspectives. Environmental Management 34-S1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-003-5181-x

Lu, D., Weng, Q. 2007: A survey of image classification methods and techniques for improving classification performance. International Journal of Remote Sensing 28-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01431160600746456

Marušič, J., Ogrin, D., Jančič, M. 1998: Methodological bases. Ljubljana.

McMahon, G., Wiken, E. B., Gauthier, D. A. 2004: Toward a scientifically rigorous basis for developing mapped ecological regions. Environmental Management 34-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-004-0170-2

Meeus, J. H. A., 1995: Pan-European landscapes. Landscape and Urban Planning 31. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-2046(94)01036-8

Melik, A. 1935: Slovenija: geografski opis. Ljubljana.

Melik, A. 1946: Prirodnogospodarska sestava Slovenije. Geografski vestnik 18.

Melik, A. 1954: Slovenski alpski svet. Ljubljana.

Melik, A. 1957: Štajerska s Prekmurjem in Mežiško dolino. Ljubljana.

Melik, A. 1959: Posavska Slovenija. Ljubljana.

Melik, A. 1960: Slovensko Primorje. Ljubljana.

Metzger, M. J., Bunce, R. G. H., Jongman, R. H. G., Mücher, C. A., Watkins, J. W. 2005: A climatic stratification of the environment of Europe: A climatic stratification of the European environment. Global Ecology and Biogeography 14-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-822X.2005.00190.x

Meze, D. 1974: Porečje Kokre v pleistocenu. Geografski zbornik 10.

Mezősi, G. 2016: Similarity assessment of natural landscapes based on taxonomic distance. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 14-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1403_679693

Mücher, C. A., Bunce, R. G. H., Jongman, R. H. G., Klijn, J. A., Koomen, A. J. M., Metzger, M. J., Wascher, D.M. 2003: Identification and characterisation of environments and landscapes in Europe. Wageningen.

Mücher, C. A., Klijn, J. A., Wascher, D. M., Schaminée, J. H. J. 2010: A new European landscape classification (LANMAP): a transparent, flexible and user-oriented methodology to distinguish landscapes. Ecological Indicators 10-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.03.018

Mücher, C. A., Wascher, D. M., Klijn, J. A., Koomen, A. J. M., Jongman, R. H. G. 2006: A new European landscape map as an integrative framework for landscape character assessment. Landscape Ecology in the Mediterranean, Inside and Outside Approaches, Proceedings of the European IALE Conference. Faro.

Nared, J., Razpotnik Visković, N., Cremer-Schulte, D., Brozzi, R., Cortines Garcia, F. 2015: Achieving sustainable spatial development in the Alps through participatory planning. Acta geographica Slovenica 55-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/AGS.1631

Natek, K., Žiberna, I. 2004: Naravnogeografske regionalizacije Slovenije. Teorija in praksa regionalizacije Slovenije. Maribor.

Natek, M., Perko, D. 1999: 50 let Geografskega inštituta Antona Melika ZRC SAZU. Geografija Slovenije 1. Ljubljana. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/9789612544942

Noirfalise, A. 1987: Map of the Natural Vegetation of the member countries of the European Community and of the Council of Europe. Luxembourg.

Ogrin, D. 2007: Climate, 1:1.000.000. Slovenia in Focus. Ljubljana.

Olson, D. M., Dinerstein, E., Wikramanayake, E. D., Burgess, N. D., Powell, G. V. N., Underwood, E. C., D'Amico, J. A., Itoua, I., Strand, H. E., Morrison, J. C., Loucks, C. J., Allnut, T. F., Ricketts, T. H., Kura, Y., Lamoreux, J. F., Wettengel, W. W., Hedao, P., Kassem, K. R. 2001: Terrestrial ecoregions of the world: A new map of life on Earth. BioScience 51-11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2

Orožen Adamič, M., Perko, D., Kladnik, D. (eds.) 1995: Krajevni leksikon Slovenije. Ljubljana.

Orožen Adamič, M., Perko, D., Kladnik, D. (eds.) 1996: Priročni krajevni leksikon Slovenije. Ljubljana.

Owen, S. M., MacKenzie, A. R., Bunce, R. G. H., Stewart, H. E., Donovan, R. G., Stark, G., Hewitt, C. N. 2006: Urban land classification and its uncertainties using principal component and cluster analyses: A case study for the UK West Midlands. Landscape and Urban Planning 78-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2005.11.002

Pak, M., Perko, D. (eds.) 1996a: Ljubljanska kotlina. Regionalnogeografska monografija Slovenije. Ljubljana.

Pak, M., Perko, D. (eds.) 1996b: Visokogorski alpski svet. Regionalnogeografska monografija Slovenije. Ljubljana.

Pak, M., Perko, D. (eds.) 1996c: Zahodni predalpski svet. Regionalnogeografska monografija Slovenije. Ljubljana.

Perko, D., Hrvatin, M., Ciglič, R. 2017: Determination of landscape hotspots of Slovenia. Acta geographica Slovenica 57-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/AGS.4618

Perko, D. (ed.) 1996a: Nizki kraški svet. Regionalnogeografska monografija Slovenije. Ljubljana.

Perko, D. (ed.) 1996b: Srednji in južni subpanonski svet. Regionalnogeografska monografija Slovenije. Ljubljana.

Perko, D. 1987: Pokrajina in raba tal v Pokokrju. Geografski zbornik 27.

Perko, D. 1989: Vzhodna Krška kotlina – pokrajinska sestava in prebivalstvo. Geografski zbornik 29.

Perko, D. 1992a: Ogroženost Slovenije zaradi naravnih nesreč. Ujma 6.

Perko, D. 1992b: Tipi pokrajin v porečju Kokre. Geografski obzornik 39-2.

Perko, D. 1993: Arboretum Volčji potok. Geografski obzornik 40-3.

Perko, D. 1997: Slovenske pokrajine. Šolska karta Slovenije v merilu 1 : 500.000. Ljubljana.

Perko, D. 1998a: The Regionalization of Slovenia. Geografski zbornik 38.

Perko, D. 1998b: Geografija, regija in regionalizacija. Slovenija: pokrajine in ljudje. Ljubljana.

Perko, D. 1998c: Tipizacija in regionalizacija Slovenije. Geografski obzornik 45-1.

Perko, D. 2001: Analiza površja Slovenije s stometrskim digitalnim modelom reliefa. Geografija Slovenije 3. Ljubljana.

Perko, D. 2007a: Landscapes. Slovenia in Focus. Ljubljana.

Perko, D. 2007b: Morfometrija površja Slovenije. Georitem 3. Ljubljana.

Perko, D. 2009: Tipi naravne pokrajine kot dejavnik regionalnega razvoja in regionalnih razlik v Sloveniji. Razvojni izzivi Slovenije, Regionalni razvoj 2. Ljubljana.

Perko, D., Ciglič, R. 2015: Slovenia as a European landscape hotspot. Acta Geobalcanica 1-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18509/AGB.2015.05

Perko, D., Ciglič, R. 2020a: Slovenia's landscapes. The Geography of Slovenia: Small but Diverse. Cham. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-14066-3_14

Perko, D., Ciglič, R. 2020b: Slovenia's regions. The Geography of Slovenia: Small but Diverse. Cham. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-14066-3_15

Perko, D., Ciglič, R., Geršič, M. (eds.) 2016: Terasirane pokrajine. Ljubljana.

Perko, D., Ciglič, R., Geršič, M., Kladnik, D. (eds.) 2017: Terraced Landscapes. Ljubljana.

Perko, D., Ciglič, R., Hrvatin, M. 2019: The usefulness of unsupervised classification methods for landscape typification: the case of Slovenia. Acta geographica Slovenica 59-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/AGS.7377

Perko, D., Ciglič, R., Zorn, M. 2020a (eds.): The geography of Slovenia: Small but diverse. World Regional Geography Book Series. Cham. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-14066-3

Perko, D., Ciglič, R., Zorn, M. 2020b: Slovenia: A European landscape hotspot. The Geography of Slovenia: Small but Diverse. World regional geography book series. Cham. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-14066-3_1

Perko, D., Hrvatin, M. 2010: Mikroregije občine Idrija. Na prelomnici: razvojna vprašanja občine Idrija. CAPACities 1. Ljubljana.

Perko, D., Hrvatin, M. 2020: Pokrajinska raznolikost Mestne občine Velenje. Velenje, industrijsko mesto v preobrazbi, CAPACities 4. Ljubljana. DOI: https//doi.org/10.3986/9789610502623_04

Perko, D., Hrvatin, M., Ciglič, R. 2015: A methodology for natural landscape typification of Slovenia. Acta geographica Slovenica 55-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/AGS.1938

Perko, D., Hrvatin, M., Ciglič, R. 2017: Determination of landscape hotspots in Slovenia. Acta geographica Slovenica 57-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/AGS.4618

Perko, D., Kladnik, D. 1998: Nova regionalizacija Slovenije. Slovenija: pokrajine in ljudje. Ljubljana.

Perko, D., Križnar, N. 1998: Pokrajine v Sloveniji. Videoposnetek. Ljubljana.

Perko, D., Orožen Adamič, M. (eds.) 1998: Slovenija: pokrajine in ljudje. Ljubljana.

Perko, D., Tičar, J. 2020: Geomorfološke vrednote ter reliefni in pokrajinski tipi Slovenije. Modeliranje pokrajine, GIS v Sloveniji 15. Ljubljana. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/9789610504696_03

Plut, D. 1981: Pokrajinska ekologija Bele krajine. Raziskovalno delo Inštituta za geografijo Univerze Edvarda Kardelja v Ljubljani. Ljubljana.

Plut, D. 1999: Regionalizacija Slovenije po sonaravnih kriterijih. Geografski vestnik 71.

Pratt, W. K. 2007: Digital image processing. Los Altos.

Renetzeder, C., van Eupen, M., Mücher, C. A., Wrbka, T. 2008: A spatial regional reference framework for sustainability assessment in Europe. Sustainability impact assessment of land use changes. Berlin, Heidelberg.

Repe, B. 2017: Pohorje – slovenska pedološka posebnost. Geografije Podravja. Maribor.

Ribeiro, D., Somodi, I., Čarni, A. 2016: Transferability of a predictive Robinia pseudacacia distribution model in northeast Slovenia. Acta geographica Slovenica 56-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/AGS.772

Rivas-Marínez, S., Penas, A., Díaz, T. E. 2004a: Bioclimatic Map of Europe, Bioclimates. Cartographic Service, University of León. León.

Rivas-Marínez, S., Penas, A., Díaz, T. E. 2004b: Biogeographic Map of Europe. Cartographic Service, University of León. León.

Romportl, D. 2009: Landscape typology of the Czech Republic (Typologie krajiny České republiky). Prague.

Romportl, D., Cerny, K. 2014: Landscape typology as a spatial framework for phytopathological studies, IALE-Europe Thematic Workshop “Advances in Spatial Typologies: How to move from concepts to practice?”. Lisbon.

Simensen, T., Halvorsen, R., Erikstad, L. 2018: Methods for landscape characterisation and mapping: A systematic review. Land Use Policy 75. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.04.022

Snoj, M. 2016: Slovenski etimološki slovar. Ljubljana.

Soto, S., Pintó, J. 2010: Delineation of natural landscape units for Puerto Rico. Applied Geography 30-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2010.01.010

Strand, G.-H. 2011: Uncertainty in classification and delineation of landscapes: A probabilistic approach to landscape modeling. Environmental Modelling & Software 26-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2011.03.005

Stupariu, M.-S., Cushman, S. A., Pleşoianu, A.-I., Pătru-Stupariu, I., Fürst, C. 2021: Machine learning in landscape ecological analysis: A review of recent approaches. Landscape Ecology. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-021-01366-9

Šifrer, M. 1961: Porečje Kamniške Bistrice v pleistocenu. Dela SAZU 12. Ljubljana.

Šifrer, M. 1969: Kvartarni razvoj dobrav na Gorenjskem. Geografski zbornik 9.

Špes, M., Cigale, D., Lampič, B., Natek, K., Plut, D., Smrekar, A., 2002: Študija ranljivosti okolja. Geographica Slovenica 35, 1-2.

Tičar, J., Perko, D., Volk Bahun, M. 2018: Geodediščina in pokrajinska raznolikost Slovenije. Pokrajina v visoki ločljivosti, GIS v Sloveniji 14. Ljubljana.

Topole, M. 1992: Tipi pokrajin v porečju Mirne. Geografski obzornik 39-4.

Udvardy, M. D. F. 1975: A Classification of the biogeographical provinces of the World. IUCN Occasional paper 18. Morges.

Urbanc, M. 2002: Kulturne pokrajine v Slovenije. Geografija Slovenije 5. Ljubljana.

Urbanc, M., Ferk, M., Fridl, J., Gašperič, P., Ilc Klun, M., Pipan, P., Resnik Planinc, T., Šmid Hribar, M. 2016: Oblikovanje predstav o slovenskih pokrajinah v izobraževalnem procesu. Geografija Slovenije 34. Ljubljana.

Van Eetvelde, V., Antrop, M. 2009: A stepwise multi-scale typology and characterisation for trans-regional integration, applied on the federal state of Belgium. Landscape and urban planning 91-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2008.12.008

Vannametee, E., Babel, L. V., Hendriks, M. R., Schuur, J., de Jong, S. M., Bierkens, M. F. P., Karssenberg, D. 2014: Semi-automated mapping of landforms using multiple point geostatistics. Geomorphology 221. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2014.05.032

Warnock, S., Griffiths, G. 2015: Landscape characterisation: The living landscapes approach in the UK. Landscape Research 40-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01426397.2013.870541

Wascher, D. M. 2005: Landscape character: Linking space and function. European Landscape Character Areas. Typologies, cartography and indicators for the assessment of sustainable landscapes. Wageningen.

Wieczorek, M., Migoń, P. 2014: Automatic relief classification versus expert and field based landform classification for the medium-altitude mountain range, the Sudetes, SW Poland. Geomorphology 206. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2013.10.005

Wolock, D. M., Winter, T. C., McMahon, G. 2004: Delineation and evaluation of hydrologic-landscape regions in the United States using geographic information system tools and multivariate statistical analyses. Environmental Management 34-S1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-003-5077-9

Zakšek, K., Podobnikar, T., Oštir, K. 2005: Solar radiation modelling. Computers & Geosciences 31. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cageo.2004.09.018

Zawadzka, J., Mayr, T., Bellamy, P., Corstanje, R. 2015: Comparing physiographic maps with different categorisations. Geomorphology 231. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2014.12.006

Zhou, Y., Narumalani, S., Waltman, W. J., Waltman, S. W., Palecki, M. A. 2003: A GIS-based spatial pattern analysis model for eco-region mapping and characterization. International journal of geographical information science 17-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1365881031000086983

Zonneveld, I. S. 1994: Basic principles of classification. Ecosystem classification for environmental management. Dordrecht.

Žiberna, I., Natek, K., Ogrin. D. 2004: Naravnoegografska regionalizacija Slovenije za potrebe pouka geografije v osnovni šoli. Teorija in praksa regionalizacije Slovenije. Maribor.

Downloads

Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

1.
Perko D, Ciglič R, Hrvatin M. Landscape macrotypologies and microtypologies of Slovenia. AGS [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 31 [cited 2022 May 25];61(3):7–89. Available from: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/ags/article/view/10384