VOLUNTEERING FROM ALTRUISM TO OTHERNESS
PROSTOVOLJSTVO OD ALTRUIZMA DO DRUGOSTI

Bénédicte Halba

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2014430305

Abstract

Volunteering is no longer a marginal phenomenon. It has become a crucial issue since the beginning of the 1990s, with studies implemented at both the European and global levels to measure volunteer population and also to give a theoretical background to volunteering. The concept of volunteering includes altruism, charity, and solidarity. It is the touchstone of civil society. Being a volunteer implies creating and developing both social capital and human capital. Volunteers acquire personal, social, and professional skills. Being a volunteer also means being an active citizen; it has a specific meaning with regard to migration. The concept of “otherness” may be more significant from this perspective.

***

Prostovoljstvo ni več marginalen pojav. Že v devetdesetih letih prejšnjega stoletja je postalo osrednja tema, s katero se ukvarjajo tudi raziskave, s katerimi tako na evropski kot na svetovni ravni ugotavljajo, koliko ljudi se ukvarja s tovrstnimi dejavnostmi, sočasno pa skušajo določiti še teoretski okvir prostovoljstva. Koncept prostovoljstva sicer vključuje altruizem, dobrodelnost in solidarnost, mnogi pa ga opisujejo kot temelj civilne družbe. Biti prostovoljec namreč pomeni ustvarjati in razvijati tako socialni kot človeški kapital, poleg tega pa prostovoljci pridobivajo osebne, družbene in poklicne izkušnje. Prostovoljstvo se tesno prepleta še z aktivnim državljanstvom in ima poseben pomen v povezavi z migranti. S tega vidika je lahko zelo pomembno razumevanje koncept »drugosti«.

Keywords

volunteering; altruism; charity; solidarity; social capital; civil society; citizenship // prostovoljstvo; altruizem; dobrodelnost; solidarnost; socialni kapital; civilna družba; državljanstvo

Full Text:

PDF

References

Anheier, Helmut K. 2005. Nonprofit Organizations: Theory, Management, Policy. London: Routledge.

CEV (Centre Européen du Volontariat). 2006. Involve: Implication des étrangers non communautaires dans les activités de bénévolat et volontariat comme moyen de renforcer l’intégration. Bruxelles: European Volunteer Centre.

Coleman, James Samuel. 1994. Foundations of Social Theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Dekker, Paul, and Andries Van den Broek. 1998. Civil Society in Comparative Prospective: Involvement in Voluntary Associations in North America and Western Europe. Voluntas 9 (1): 11–38.

Donati, Pierpaolo, and Ivo Colozzi, eds. 2004. Il privato sociale che emerge: Realta e dilemmi. Bologna: Le edezioni del Mulino.

Donati, Pierpaol, and Ivo Colozzi, eds. 2006. Il paradigma relazionale nelle scienze sociali: le prospettive sociologiche. Bologna: Le edizioni del Mulino.

Etzioni, Amitai. 1999. The Good Society. The Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (1): 88–103.

European Commission. 2000a. Commission of the European Communities, Communication on a Community Immigration Policy, COM (2000) 757 Final. Brussels: European Commission.

European Commission. 2000b. Charter of Fundamental Rights, Signed and Proclaimed by the Presidents of the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission at the European Council Meeting. Nice: European Commission.

European Commission. 2006. Recommendation of the European Parliament and of the Council: Key Competences for Lifelong Learning. Strasbourg: European Commission.

European Commission. 2011. Communication on EU Policies and Volunteering: Recognising and Promoting Cross-Border Voluntary Activities in the EU, Brussels: COM(2011) 568 final. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Strasbourg: European Commission.

European Commission. 2013. European Year of Citizenship. http://europa.eu/citizens-2013/

Ferguson, Adam. 1767. An Essay on the History of Civil Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

GHK. 2009. Study on Volunteering in the European Union. Brussels: European Commission, DC EAC.

Godbout, Jacques. 2000. Le don, la dette et l’identité. Paris: La Découverte.

Gouldner, Alvin W. 1975. The Importance of Something for Nothing. In For Sociology: Renewal and Critique in Sociology Today, ed. Alwin W. Gouldner, 260–290. London: Penguin.

Halba, Bénédicte. 1997. Bénévolat et volontariat dans la vie économique, sociale et politique. Paris: La Documentation française.

Halba, Bénédicte, Jürgen Schumacher and Charlotte Strümpel. 2001. Promotion and Facilitation of Voluntary Work. Frankfurt am Main: ISIS.

Halba, Bénédicte. 2003. Bénévolat et volontariat en France et dans le Monde. Paris: La Documentation française.

Halba, Bénédicte. 2006. Gestion du bénévolat et du volontariat. Brussels: De Boeck.

Halba, Bénédicte. 2007a. Volunteering in the VPL Perspective. In Managing European Diversity in Lifelong Learning, eds. Ruud Duvekot et al., 175–190. Nijmegen: HAN University, Foundation EC-VPL and Hogeschool van Amsterdam.

Halba, Bénédicte et al., eds. 2007b. Valoriser les acquis d’une expérience bénévole (Vaeb). Paris: iriv.

Halba, Bénédicte. 2010. Community-University Collaborations: Exploring Models, Sharing Good Practice: The Lifelong Learning Perspective. In Valuing Experience beyond the University (Workshop Proceedings). Durham: Durham University.

Halba, Bénédicte. 2011a. Guide pratique du bénévolat. Paris: Larousse.

Halba, Bénédicte. 2011b. Intercultural Mediation, a “New Deal” for Local Policymaking of Interculture, Bridging Local, National and European Levels. In IMISCOE 8th Annual Conference (Proceedings). Warsaw: University of Warsaw, IMISCOE.

Halba, Bénédicte. 2011c. Valuing Volunteering: A Major Issue for the European Year of Volunteering. In VALUE Project Proceedings. University of Liverpool: VALUE.

Halba, Bénédicte. 2012. The Validation of Competences – A Key Issue to Enhance Access to Higher Education. Journal of Educational Sciences 14 (2): 73–82.

Halba, Bénédicte et al., eds. 2001. Volunteering: An Opportunity for Youngsters in Europe. Paris: iriv.

Kassabova, Anelia. 2008. Communication on Religion and Volunteering. Sofia: National Ethnographic Institute.

Kennett, David A. 1980. Developments in the Theory of Public and Private Redistribution. American Journal of Economics and Sociology 39 (2): 183–198.

Legal Information Centre for NGOs in Slovenia. 2008. Volunteering in Slovenia. http://www.sodeluj.net/picceetrust/images/stories/projekti/prostovoljstvo/besedilo_clenov-zpd_predlog.pdf

London School of Economics. 2004. What is Civil Society? Lecture at the University of Vienna, Austria. http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/CCS/what_is_civil_society.htm

Lyet, Philippe. 1997. L'organisation du bénévolat caritatif. Paris: L’Harmattan, Logiques sociales.

Malaurie, Philippe. 1998. Réserves et réflexions. In Quel statut pour le bénévole/volontaire? ed. Bénédicte Halba, 13–17. Paris: iriv.

Mann, Michael. 1984. The Autonomous Power of the State: Its Origins, Mechanisms and Results. European Journal of Sociology 25 (2): 185–213.

Mauss, Marcel. 1950. Essai sur le don. Paris: PUF.

Pollock, Graham. 2001. Civil Society Theory and Euro-Nationalism. Studies in Social and Political Thought 4: 31–56.

Putnam, Robert D. 1995. Bowling Alone: America’s Declining Social Capital. Journal of Democracy 6 (1): 65–78.

Riboud, Michelle. 1975. Etude de l’accumulation du capital humain. Revue économique 26 (2): 220–244.

Selle, Per, and Kristin Stromsnes. 2001. Membership and Democracy. In Social Capital and Participation in Everyday Life, eds. Paul Donati and Erik Uslaner, 134–147. London: Routledge.

Sivesind, Karl Henrik, and Per Sell. 2009. Does public spending „crowd out” nonprofit welfare? In Civil Society in Comparative Perspective, eds. Bernard Enjolras and Karl Henrik Sivesind, 105–133. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Wuthnow, Robert. 1991. Between States and Markets: The Voluntary Sector in Comparative Perspective. Princeton: Princeton University Press.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2014430305

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Traditiones

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

SCImago Journal & Country RankSaveSaveSave