RAZMERJE MED NACIONALNIMI IN NADNACIONALNIMI IDENTITETAMI V CIVILNI MISIJI EVROPSKE UNIJE NA KOSOVU EULEX
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NATIONAL AND SUPRANATIONAL IDENTITIES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION RULE OF LAW MISSION IN KOSOVO (EULEX)

Sara Arko

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2014430402

Abstract

Članek na podlagi etnografske raziskave v misiji Evropske unije za krepitev pravne države na Kosovu (EULEX) predstavi dinamiko med nacionalnimi in nadnacionalnimi identitetami skozi preplet treh vidikov istovetenja: soočanje z raznolikostjo v mednarodni misiji, trdovratnost posameznikove nacionalne identitete in percepcije evropske identitete. Članek obravnava transnacionalne izkušnje in svetovljansko držo v razmerju z (nad)nacionalnimi identitetami posameznikov, ki jim delo v misijah pomeni način življenja.

***

Based on ethnographic research, this article explores the dynamics between national and supranational identities in the European Union Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo (EULEX) through three aspects of identification processes: coping with diversity in an international mission, the persistent importance of the national, and perceptions of European identity. The article deals with transnational experiences and cosmopolitan attitudes in relation to the (supra)national identities of individuals that perceive working in missions as a way of life.

Keywords

EULEX Kosovo; nacionalne identitete; evropska identiteta; svetovljanstvo // EULEX Kosovo; national identities; European identity; cosmopolitanism

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abélès, Marc. 2004. Identity and Borders: An Anthropological Approach to EU Institutions. Twenty-First Century Papers: On-Line Working Papers from The Center for 21st Century Studies, 4, University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee.

Abu-Lughod, Lila. 1991. Writing Against Culture. V: Richard G. Fox, ur., Recapturing Anthropology: Working in the Present. Santa Fe: School of American Research Press, 137–162.

Anderson, Benedict. 1983. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London, New York: Verso.

Appadurai, Arjun. 1990. Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Economy. Philadelphia: The Project, University of Pennsylvania.

Banks, Marcus. 1996. Ethnicity: Anthropological Constructions. London in New York: Routledge.

Bajuk Senčar, Tatiana. 2009. The Integration of “East ” and “West ” Slovenian “Eurocrats ” and the Politics of Identity within the Institutions of the European Union. Traditiones, 38 (2): 165–178. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2009380211

Bajuk Senčar, Tatiana. 2014a. Praznične prakse slovenskih evrokratov. V: Ingrid Slavec Gradišnik, Božidar Jezernik in Mitja Velikonja, ur., Praznična večglasja: prazniki in oblikovanje skupnosti na Slovenskem. Ljubljana: Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete, 165–182.

Bajuk Senčar, Tatiana. 2014b. Eurocrats in Brussels. V: Mirjam Milharčič Hladnik in Jernej Mlekuž, ur., Going Places: Slovenian Women's Stories on Migration. Akron: University of Akron Press, 213–234.

Bajuk Senčar, Tatiana in Jeffrey David Turk. 2011. Following European Stories: An Anthropological Study of European Integration. Traditiones, 40 (2): 139–151. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2011400209

Barth, Friderik. 1969. Introduction. V: Friderik Barth, ur., Ethnic Groups and Boundaries: The Social Organisation of Culture Difference. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 9–38.

Bartulović, Alenka. 2013. »Nismo vaši!«: Antinacionalizem v povojnem Sarajevu. Ljubljana: Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete.

Bellier, Irène in Thomas M. Wilson. 2000. Building, Imagining and Experiencing Europe: Institutions and Identities in the European Union. V: Irène Bellier in Thomas M. Wilson, ur., An Anthropology of the European Union: Building, Imagining and Experiencing the New Europe. Oxford, New York: Berg, 1–27.

Ben-Ari, Eyal in Efrat Elron. 2001. Blue Helmets and White Armor: Multi-nationalism and Multi-culturalism among UN Peacekeeping Forces. City & Society, XIII (2), American Anthropological Association: 271–302.

Bhabha, Homi K., ur. 1990. Nation and Narration. London, New York: Routledge.

Billig, Michael. 1995. Banal nationalism. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: Sage.

Brubaker, Rogers. 1996. Nationalism Reframed: Nationhood and the National Question in the New Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Brubaker, Rogers in Frederick Cooper. 2000. Beyond »Identity«. Theory and Society, 29: 1–47.

CEP – Center za evropsko prihodnost. 2009. Prvo pilotno usposabljanje za uslužbence slovenske javne uprave za sodelovanje v civilnih misijah.

Cohen, Anthony P. 1985. The Symbolic Construction of Community. London, New York: Routledge.

Cohen, Anthony P. 1994. Self Consciousness: An Alternative Anthropology of Identity. London, New York: Routledge.

Cohen, Anthony P. 2000. Peripheral Vision: Nationalism, National Identity and the Objective Correlative in Scotland. V: Anthony P. Cohen, ur., Signifying Identities: Anthropological Perspectives on Boundaries and Contested Values. London, New York: Routledge.

Deutsch, Karl W. 1957. Political Community and the North Atlantic Area. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

DGRI. 2012. The Development of European Identity/Identities: Unfinished Business. A Policy Review. Directorate-General for Research and Innovation, Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities, European Commission.

EEAS (European Union External Action). 2010. Grand Italian Finale. http://www.eulex-kosovo.eu/en/news/000246.php

EEAS. 2014a. Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) of the European Union. http://eeas.europa.eu/cfsp/index_en.htm

EEAS. 2014b. Ongoing missions and operations. http://eeas.europa.eu/csdp/missions-and-operations/index_en.htm

EEAS. 2014c. About Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) – Overview. http://eeas.europa.eu/csdp/about-csdp/index_en.htm

EEAS. 2014d. What is EULEX? http://www.eulex-kosovo.eu/en/info/whatisEulex.php

EEAS. 2014e. EULEX Staff Info. http://www.eulex-kosovo.eu/en/info/StaffInfo.php

EEAS. 2014f. Posts available in CSDP Missions. http://eeas.europa.eu/csdp/opportunities/index_en.htm

EPLO (European Peacebuilding Liaison Office). 2014. Policy Paper on civilian CSDP. http://www.eplo.org/assets/files/2.%20Activities/Working%20Groups/EEAS/EPLO_PolicyPaper_CivilianCSDP.pdf

Eriksen, Thomas Hylland. 1995. We and Us: Two Modes of Group Identification. Journal of Peace Research, 32 (4): 427–436.

Eriksen, Thomas Hylland. 2004. Etnicitet i nacionalizam. Beograd: Krug (Biblioteka XX vek).

EULEX Kosovo. 2014. EULEX KOSOVO: EU Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo. http://eeas.europa.eu/csdp/missions-and-operations/eulex-kosovo/pdf/factsheet_eulex_kosovo_en.pdf

European Union. 2014. Agencies and other EU bodies. http://europa.eu/about-eu/agencies/index_en.htm

European Union External Action. 2010. Grand Italian Finale. http://www.eulex-kosovo.eu/en/news/000246.php

Evropska unija. 2014. Slogan EU. http://europa.eu/about-eu/basic-information/symbols/motto/index_sl.htm

Fikfak, Jurij. 2009. Europe: Imagination and Practices. Introduction I. Traditiones, 38 (2): 7–20. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2009380201

Fikfak, Jurij and Maria Vivod (eds.). 2009. Europe. Imagination and Practices. Traditiones, 38 (2).

Friedman, Jonathan. 2002. From Roots to Routes: Tropes for Trippers. Anthropological Theory, 2: 21–36.

Gellner, Ernest. 1983. Nations and Nationalism. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.

Glick Schiller, Nina and Georges Fouron. 2001. Georges Woke Up Laughing: Long-Distance Nationalism and the Search for Home. Duke University Press.

Goddard, Victoria A., Joseph R. Llobera and Cris Shore. 1994. Introduction: The Anthropology of Europe. V: Victoria A. Goddard, Joseph R. Llobera and Cris Shore, ur., The Anthropology of Europe: Identity and Boundaries in Conflict. Oxford, Washington, D.C.: Berg, 1–40.

Grošelj, Klemen, Petra Fras, Sara Arko, Jelena Juvan. 2010. Civilni funkcionalni strokovnjaki v mirovnih operacijah in misijah. V: Marjan Malešič, ur., Mednarodne razsežnosti varnosti Slovenije. Ljubljana: FDV, 205–244.

Group for Legal and Political Studies. 2013. Rock and Rule: Dancing with EULEX. Priština: Kosovo Foundation for Open Society.

Gupta, Akhil. 1992. The Song of the Nonaligned World: Transnational Identities and the Reinscription of Space in Late Capitalism. Cultural Anthropology, 7 (1): 63–79.

Haas, Ernst B. 1958. The Uniting of Europe: Political, Social and Economic Forces, 1950–1957. London: Stevens & Sons Limited.

Hannerz, Ulf. 1990. Cosmopolitans and Locals in World Culture. Theory Culture Society, 7: 237–251.

Hannerz, Ulf. 1996. Transnational Connections: Culture, People, Places. London, New York: Routledge.

Hannerz, Ulf. 2010a. Anthropology's world: Life in a Twenty-first Century Discipline. London, New York: Pluto Press.

Hannerz, Ulf. 2010b. Afterthoughts: World watching. Social Anthropology, 18 (4): 448–453. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8676.2010.00129.x

Herrmann, Richard in Marilynn B. Brewer. 2004. Identities and Institutions: Becoming European in the EU. V: Richard K. Herrmann, Thomas Risse in Marilynn B. Brewer, ur., Transnational Identities: Becoming European in the EU. Lanham, Boulder, New York, Toronto, Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1–24.

Herzfeld, Michael. 2005. Cultural Intimacy: Social Poetics in the Nation-State. London, New York: Routledge.

Hobsbawm, Eric J. 1990. Nations and Nationalism since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Jackson, Anthony, ur. 1987. Anthropology at Home. London, New York: Tavistock Publications.

Jenkins, Richard. 2008. The Ambiguity of Europe: »Identity Crisis« or »Situation Normal«? European Societies, 10 (2): 153–176.

Kaldor, Mary. 1996. Cosmopolitanism Versus Nationalism: The New Divide? V: Richard Caplan in John Feffer, ur., Europe's New Nationalism: States and Minorities in Conflict. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press. 42–58.

Kearney, Michael. 1995. The Local and the Global: The Anthropology of Globalization and Transnationalism. Annual Review of Anthropology, 24, 547–565.

Kursani, Shpend. 2013. A Comprehensive Analysis of EULEX: What Next? KIPRED – Kosovar Institute for Policy Research and Development, Policy Paper 1(13).

MacDonald, Sharon. 1993. Inside European Identities: Ethnography in Western Europe. Oxford, New York: Berg.

McDonald, Maryon. 1999. European Identity – An Anthropological Approach. V: Thomas Jansen, ur., Reflections on European Identity. European Commission Forward Studies Unit, Working Paper: 77–80.

McDonald, Maryon. 2012. Putting Culture in Its Place: Anthropological Reflections on the European Commission. European Societies, 14 (4): 540–561.

Muršič, Rajko. 1997. »Razkritje krinke«: O lokalno-globalnih identifikacijah. Traditiones, 26: 223–236.

European Group of Training. 2006. Core Course: Basic Mission Preparation Training for EU Civilian Crisis Operations. Bruselj: EGT.

Repič, Jaka. 2006. "Po sledovih korenin": Transnacionalne migracije med Argentino in Evropo. Ljubljana: Oddelek za etnologijo in kulturno antropologijo, Filozofska fakulteta, Univerza v Ljubljani.

Risse, Thomas. 2004. European Institutions and Identity Change: What Have We Learned. V: Richard K. Herrmann, Thomas Risse in Marilynn B. Brewer, ur., Transnational Identities: Becoming European in the EU. Lanham, Boulder, New York, Toronto, Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 247–271.

Risse, Thomas. 2005. Neofunctionalism, European identity, and the puzzles of European integration. Journal of European Public Policy, 12(2): 291–309.

Risse, Thomas. 2012. Identity Matters: Exploring the Ambivalence of EU Foreign Policy. Global Policy. Posebna izdaja, “Changing the Debate on Europe – The Inaugural Dahrendorf Symposium,” 3 (priloga 1): 87–95.

Robbins, Bruce. 1998. Introduction Part I: Actually Existing Cosmopolitanism. V: Pheng Cheah in Bruce Robbins, ur., Cosmopolitics: Thinking and Feeling beyond the Nation. Minneapolis, London: University of Minnesota Press.

Sabra, Samah. 2007. Imagining Nations: An Anthropological Perspective. Nexus, 20: 76–104.

Shore, Cris. 1993. Inventing the 'People's Europe': Critical Approaches to European Community 'Cultural Policy'. Man, New Series, 28 (4): 779–800.

Shore, Cris. 2000. Building Europe: The Cultural Politics of European Integration. London, New York: Routledge.

Thedvall, Renita. 2006. Eurocrats at Work: Negotiating Transparency in Postnational Employment Policy. Stockholm Studies in Social Anthropology, Department of Social Anthropology, Stockholm University.

Todorova, Maria Nikolaeva. 2001. Imaginarij Balkana. Inštitut za civilizacijo in kulturo – ICK, Ljubljana: Littera picta.

UNMIK. 2014. UNMIK background. http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/missions/unmik/background.shtml

Vertovec, Steven in Robin Cohen, ur. 2002. Conceiving Cosmopolitanism: Theory, Context and Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Vidmar Horvat, Ksenija. 2012. Memory, Citizenship and Consumer Culture in Postsocialist Europe. V: Ullrich Kockel, Mairead Nic Craith in Jonas Frykman, ur., A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe. Malden, Oxford, West Sussex: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 145–162.

Wilken, Lisanne. 2012. Anthropological Studies of European Identity Construction. V: A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe, Ullrich Kockel, Mairead Nic Craith in Jonas Frykman, ur. Malden, Oxford, West Sussex: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 125–144.

Zabusky, Stacia E. 2000. Boundaries at Work: Discourses and Practices of Belonging in the European Space Agency. V: Irène Bellier in Thomas M. Wilson, ur., An Anthropology of the European Union: Building, Imagining and Experiencing the New Europe, 179–200.

Živković, Marko. 2001. Nešto između: simbolička geografija Srbije. Filozofija i društvo 18: 73–110.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2014430402

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Traditiones

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

SCImago Journal & Country RankSaveSaveSave