POSEBNOSTI JUDOVSKIH ŽALOSTINK IN ŽALNIH OBREDOV V PROTIJUDOVSKEM OKOLJU
SPECIAL FEATURES OF JEWISH LAMENTS AND MOURNING RITUALS IN HONOR OF THE DEAD IN AN ANTI-SEMITIC ENVIRONMENT

Irena Avsenik Nabergoj

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2019480202

Abstract

Prispevek z metodama pozornega branja in intertekstualne primerjave med različnimi kulturami in religijami odkriva posebnosti judovskih žalostink za umrlimi in judovskih žalnih obredov, kot so izpričani v žalostinkah Svetega pisma in v posvetopisemskih judovskih virih, na antičnih judovskih nagrobnih napisih, v tradicionalnih judovskih verskih praksah žalovanja, v srednjeveških judovskih literarnih tradicijah spomina na mučence in v komemoracijah za žrtvami holokavsta v moderni judovski poeziji. Raziskuje tudi odnos do trpljenja in smrti Judov, izpričan v slovenskem ljudskem izročilu in v izbranih delih slovenske rokopisne tradicije.

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This contribution discloses, by using the methods of close reading and intertextual comparison with various cultures and religions, peculiarities of Jewish laments in honour of the dead and of Jewish mourning rituals, as they are witnessed in laments of the Bible and in post-Biblical Jewish sources, in ancient Jewish epitaphs, in Jewish traditional religious mourning practices, in medieval Jewish literary traditions of commemorating martyrs and in commemorations of holocaust victims in modern Jewish poetry. It deals also with the relationship to suffering and the death of Jews, as they are witnessed in Slovenian literary folklore and in selected works of Slovenian manuscript tradition.

Keywords

trpljenje; smrt; žalovanje; tolažba; svetopisemske žalostinke; antični judovski nagrobni napisi; obred žalovanja // suffering; death; mourning; consolation; Biblical laments; ancient Jewish epitaphs; mourning rituals

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2019480202

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