CRITICAL RECONSIDERATION OF SOCIAL AND CULTURAL ELEMENTS THAT CONSTITUTE THE CREATIVE ECOSYSTEM OF A CITY: EXAMPLES FROM SLOVENIA AND JAPAN
KRITIČNA REFLEKSIJA DRUŽBENIH IN KULTURNIH ELEMENTOV, KI SESTAVLJAJO USTVARJALNI EKOSISTEM MESTA. PRIMERA IZ SLOVENIJE IN JAPONSKE

Matjaž Uršič

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2017460203

Abstract

During urban redevelopment, it is not always completely clear which spaces and groups are the most valuable social and cultural amenities that support creativity and improve the general quality of life in the city. This article uses case studies from Slovenia and Japan to analyze why some spaces are perceived as socially and culturally important whereas others are defined as obsolete and dispensable.

***

Med procesom urbane prenove ni vedno popolnoma jasno, kateri prostori in skupine predstavljajo najdragocenejše družbene in kulturne dobrine, ki podpirajo ustvarjalnost in nadgrajujejo splošno kakovost življenja v mestu. Študiji primerov iz Slovenije in Japonske sta podlaga za analizo, zakaj so nekateri prostori dojeti kot družbeno in kulturno pomembni, drugi pa so opredeljeni kot zastareli in nepotrebni.

Keywords

creative ecosystem; urban redevelopment; tangible/intangible cultural elements; cultural capital; Slovenia; Japan // ustvarjalni ekosistem; urbana prenova; snovni/nesnovni kulturni elementi; kulturni kapital; Slovenija; Japonska

Full Text:

PDF

References

Bachelard, Gaston. 1969 (1958). The Poetics of Space. Boston: Beacon Press.

Berman, Marshall. 1988. All That Is Solid Melts into Air. New York: Penguin Books.

Bestor, C. Theodore. 1999. Wholesale Sushi—Culture and Commodity in Tokyo’s Tsukiji Market. In: Setha M. Low (ed.), Theorizing the City: The New Urban Anthropology Reader. New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers University Press, 201–242.

Bestor, Theodore C. 2004. Tsukiji: The Fish Market at the Center of the World. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Bianchini, Franco. 1999. Cultural Planning for Urban Sustainability. In: Louise Nyström (ed.), City and Culture: Cultural Processes and Urban Sustainability. Kalmar: The Swedish Urban Environment Council, 34–51.

Borja, Jordi and Manuel Castells. 1997. Local and Global: The Management of Cities in the Information Age. London: Earthscan.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1986. The Forms of Capital. In: John G. Richardson (ed.), Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education. New York: Greenwood Press, 241–258.

Clark, Terry Nichols. 2004. The City as an Entertainment Machine. Boston: Elsevier.

DCMS. 2001. Department for Culture, Media and Sport. London: DCMS. http://www.culture.gov.uk/index.aspx, September 5th, 2017.

Edensor, Tim. 2000. Moving through the City. In: David Bell and Azzedine Haddour (eds.), City Visions. Harlow: Pearson Education, 121–140.

Featherstone, Mike. 1991. Consumer Culture and Postmodernism. London: Sage.

Florida, Richard. 2005. Cities and the Creative Class. New York: Routledge.

Glaser, Barney. 1998. Doing Grounded Theory: Issues and Discussion. Mill Valley, CA: Sociology Press.

Granovetter, Mark. 1985. Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness. American Journal of Sociology 91 (3): 481–510. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/228311

Haider, Donald. 1992. Place Wars: New Realities of the 1990s. Economic Development Quarterly 2 (6): 127–134. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/089124249200600202

Hall, Tim and Iain Robertson. 2001. Public Art and Urban Regeneration: Advocacy, Claims and Critical Debates. Landscape Research 26 (1): 5–26. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01426390120024457

Hesmondhalgh, David. 2002. The Cultural Industries. London: Sage.

Hočevar, Marjan et al. 2007. Raznovrstnost vsebin: Kulturno, turistično, storitveno in družabno oživljanje središča [Diversity of Contents: Cultural, Tourist, Functional and Social Revitalization of the City Centre]. Ljubljana: Mestna občina Ljubljana and Center za prostorsko sociologijo FDV.

Holling, Crawford Stanley. 1973. Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 4 (1): 1–23. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.04.110173.000245

Holt-Jensen, Arild. 1988. Geography: History and Concepts. 2nd ed. London: Paul Chapman.

Howkins, John. 2001. The Creative Economy: How People Make Money from Ideas. London: Penguin Books.

James, Donald. 1999. Imagining the Modern City. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Knorr-Cetina, Karin. 2006. The Market. Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2–3): 551–558. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0263276406062702

Kos, Drago. 2002. Praktična sociologija za načrtovalce in urejevalce prostora [Practical Sociology for Spatial Planners and Managers of Space]. Ljubljana: FDV.

Krajčinović, Nina. 2013. Zapiranje Metelkove z definicijami ni potrebno [No Need for Limiting Metelkova by Definitions]. Delo, September 7th, 2013. http://www.delo.si/novice/ljubljana/zapiranje-metelkove-z-definicijami-ni-potrebno.html, September 15th, 2017.

Krätke, Stefan. 2010. “Creative Cities” and the Rise of the Dealer Class: A Critique of Richard Florida’s Approach to Urban Theory. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 34 (4): 835–853. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2010.00939.x

Landry, Charles and Franco Bianchini. 1995. The Creative City. London: Demos.

Lash, Scott and John Urry. 1994. Economies of Signs and Space. London: Sage.

Lazzaretti, Luciana. 2009. The Creative Capacity of Culture and the New Creative Milieu. In: Giacomo Becattini, Marco Bellandi and Lisa De Propris (eds.), The Handbook of Industrial Districts. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 281–294.

Lazzaretti, Luciana. 2012. The Remarkable Resilience of Florence, City of Art. Regional Studies Association European Conference “Networked Regions and Cities in Times of Fragmentation: Developing Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Places”. Delft: Delft University Technology. http://www.regionalstudies.org/uploads/funding/conferences/presentations/european-conference-2012/presentations/lazzeretti.pdf, August 15th, 2017.

Lefebvre, Henri. 1991 (1974). The Production of Space. Oxford: Blackwell.

Lefebvre, Henri. 1996. Writings on Cities. Oxford: Blackwell.

Murphy, Enda and Declan Redmont. 2008. Location Factors of Creative Knowledge Companies in the Dublin Region: The Managers’ View. Amsterdam: AMIDSt (ACRE Report 6.13). http://acre.socsci.uva.nl/results/documents/wp6.13_Dublin-FINAL.pdf, August 15th, 2017.

Olsson, Krister. 1999. Cultural Built Heritage as a Strategy. In: Louise Nyström (ed.), City and Culture: Cultural Processes and Urban Sustainability. Kalmar: The Swedish Urban Environment Council, 430–443.

Pareja - Eastaway, Montserrat et al. 2009. Approaching the Barcelona Metropolitan Region—The Views of High-Skilled Employees, Managers and Transnational Migrants. Amsterdam: AMIDSt. (ACRE Report 8.2) http://acre.socsci.uva.nl/results/documents/wp8.2barcelona-FINAL.pdf, August 15th, 2017.

Peck, Jamie. 2005. Struggling with the Creative Class. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 29 (4): 740–770. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2005.00620.x

Perrons, Diane. 2004. Globalization and Social Change: People and Places in Divided World. London: Routledge.

Poljak Istenič, Saša. 2016. Reviving Public Spaces through Cycling and Gardening: Ljubljana—European Green Capital. Etnološka tribina 39 (46): 157–175. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15378/1848-9540.2016.39.06

Rivas, Miguel. 2011. From Creative Industries to the Creative Place. Refreshing the Local Development Agenda in Small and Medium-Sized Towns. URBACT Creative Clusters Project Report. http://urbact.eu/sites/default/files/import/Projects/Creative_Clusters/documents_media/from_creative_industries_to_the_creative_place.pdf, August 15th, 2017.

Sennett, Richard. 1996. Flesh and Stone: The Body and the City in Western Civilization. New York: W. W. Norton and Company.

Short, John Rennie. 2004. Global Metropolitan: Globalizing Cities in a Capitalist World. London: Routledge.

Simmel, Georg. 2002 (1903). The Metropolis and Mental Life. In: Gary Bridge and Sophie Watson (eds.), The Blackwell City Reader. Oxford and Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 1–19. Available at: http://blogs.stlawu.edu/saintsinlondon/files/2015/01/Simmel_211.pdf, August 15th, 2017.

Smith, Neil. 1996. The New Urban Frontier: Gentrification and the Revanchist City. London: Routledge.

Sorensen, André. 2007. Changing Governance of Shared Spaces: Machizukuri as Institutional Innovation. In: André Sorensen and Carolin Funck (eds.), Living Cities in Japan: Citizens’ Movements, Machizukuri and Local Environments. London: Routledge, 56–90.

Tashakkori, Abbas and Charles Teddlie. 2003. Handbook of Mixed Methods in Social and Behavioral Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Taylor, J. Peter. 2004. World City Network: A Global Urban Analysis. London: Routledge.

Thornton, Sarah. 1997. The Social Logic of Subcultural Capital. In: Ken Gelder and Sarah Thornton (eds.), The Subcultures Reader. London: Routledge, 200–209.

TMG. 2013. Tokyo Metropolitan Government, Bureau of Urban Development. Tokyo no Kokusaikyosoryoku no isso no kyoka ni muketa Toshisaisei no Suishin [Promoting Urban Regeneration toward Higher International Competitiveness of Tokyo]. Tokyo: Tokyo Metropolitan Government.

TMG. 2014. Tokyo Metropolitan Government. Tokyo-to Choki Vision [Long-Term Vision of TMG]. Tokyo: Tokyo Metropolitan Government.

Ule, Mirjana. 2012. Spremenjene podobe mladosti in prehodov v odraslost [Changed Images of Youth and Transitions to Adulthood]. In: Petra Javrh and Manuel Kuran (eds.), Temeljne zmožnosti odraslih [Basic Capabilities of Adults]. Ljubljana: Andragoški center Slovenije, 90–103.

Urry, John. 1995. Consuming Places. London: Routledge.

Uršič, Matjaž and Kazushi Tamano. Forthcoming. The Importance of Green Amenities for Small Creative Actors in Tokyo: Comparing Natural and Sociocultural Spatial Attraction Characteristics. Acta Geographica Slovenica. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3986/AGS.4710

Wirth, Louis. 1938 (2000). Urbanism as a Way of Life. In: Richard T. LeGates and Frederic Stout (eds.), The City Reader. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 115–123.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2017460203

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Traditiones

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

SCImago Journal & Country RankSaveSaveSave