Multi-local Actors of Change and Two Religious Sites in Northeast Bulgaria: Between Traditions and New Everyday Practices

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2023520303

Keywords:

multi-local actors, cultural heritage, Northeast Bulgaria, everyday practices, religious sites

Abstract

The article analyses the correlations between the two rural religious sites – Akyazılı Baba Tekke (village of Obrochishte) and ‘St. Dimitar’ church (village of Gurkovo) in Northeast Bulgaria – and the multi-local actors of change that contribute to the transformation of local communities’ traditions and the emergence of new everyday practices. It is based on historical-ethnological research carried out in May 2022 that builds on earlier periodic observations.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alexiev, Bozhidar. 2005. Folklorni profili na myusyulmanski svetsi v Bul¬garia [Folklore Profiles of Muslim Saints in Bulgaria]. Sofia: Akademichno izdatelstvo ‘Prof. Marin Drinov’.

Balchik Municipality. S. Gurkovo [Village of Gurkovo] URL: https://balchik.bg/bg/infopage/158-%D1%81%D0%B3%D1%83%D1%80%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%BE (accessed 6.12.2023).

Bulian, Giovanni. 2021. The Multilocality of Satoyama Landscape, Cultural Heritage and Environmental Sustainability in Japan. In Itineraries of an Anthropologist. Studies in Honour of Massimo Raveri, eds. Giovanni Bulian and Silvia Rivadossi, 111–133. Venice: Università Ca’ Foscari. DOI: http://doi.org/10.30687/978-88-6969-527-8/006.

Cebecioğlu, Ethem. 2009. Tasavvuf Terimleri ve Deyimleri Sözlüğü. Istanbul: Ağaç Kitabevi Yayınları.

Cole, Nicki Lisa. 2019. Macro and Microsociology. ThoughtCo. URL: https://www.thoughtco.com/macro-and-microsociology-3026393 (accessed 28.9.2023).

Dimitrov, Strashimir. 1994. Kum istoriyata na dobrudzhanskite dvuo¬bredni svetilishta [To the History of the Dobrudzha Biritual Sanctuaries]. Dobrudzha 11: 76–97.

Dnesplus.bg. 9.11.2013. Grobat na kral Vladislav ІІІ Yagelo Varnenchik e v teketo Ak Yazili Baba v selo Obrochishte [The Tomb of King Wladyslaw III Warnenszyk Jagiello is in the Ak Yazili Baba Tekke in the Village of Obrochishte]. URL: https://dnesplus.bg/varna/grobat-na-kral-vladislav-iii-yagelo-varnenchik-e-v-teketo-ak-yazala-baba-v-selo-obrochishte-yfdcaubrjs_628502 (accessed 28.4.2023).

Dobrudja.bg. 17.9.2021. TEMA: S vyara i nadezhda vi vodim v svetilishteto v s. Obrochishte (VIDEO) [Theme: With Faith and Hope We Lead You to the Sanctuary in the Village of Obrochishte (Video)]. URL: https://dobrudjabg.com/novina/tema-s-vqra-i-nadejda-vi-vodim-v-svetilishteto-v-s-obrochishte-video-/72625 (accessed 28.4.2023).

Eliade, Mircea. 1961 [1952]. Images and Symbols. London: Harvill Press.

Eminov, Ali. 1997. Turkish and Other Muslim Minorities in Bulgaria. London: Hurst & Company.

Erolova, Yelis. 2010. Dobrudzha – granitsi i identichnosti [Dobrudzha – Borders and Identities]. Sofia: Paradigma.

Erolova, Yelis. 2017. Contemporary Development of the Akyazılı Baba tekke / St. Athanasius in Bulgaria. In Balkan and Balticum. Current Studies in the Postsocialist Space, eds. Ekaterina Anastasova and Mare Kõiva, 73–93. Tartu: ELM Scholarly Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7592/Sator.2017.18.04.

Eyice, Semavi. 1967. Varna ile Balçik arasında Akyazılı Sultan Tekkesi. Belleten. Türk Tarih Kurumu 31 (124): 551–600.

Gadzhanov, Dimitar (translation). 1909. Patuvane na Evliya Çelebi iz bulgarskite zemi prez sredata na XVII vek [Trip of Evliya Çelebi to the Bulgarian land in the middle of XVIIth c.]. Periodchesko spisanie. Bulgarsko Knizhovno Druzhestvo 70: 639–724.

Georgieva, Ivanichka. 1991. Bulgarskite aliani [Bulgarian Alians]. Sofia: Universitetsko izdatelstvo ‘Sv. Kliment Ohridski’, Istoricheski Muzey – Grad Isperih.

Goev, Angel. 1996. Urochasvaneto. Balgarskata narodna magiya [The Evil Spell. Bulgarian Folk Magic]. Gabrovo: Tehnosist.

Gramatikova, Nevena. 2001. Prevratnostite na vremeto i problemut s identichnostta na alianite v Bulgaria [Changing Fates and the Issue of Alevi Identity in Bulgaria]. In Ethnologiya na sufitskite ordeni – teoria i praktika, eds. Antonina Zhelyazkova and Jorgen Nielsen, 254–318. Sofia: IMIR.

Gramatikova, Nevena. 2002. Otman Baba – One of the Spiritual Patrons of Islamic Heterodoxy in Bulgarian Lands. Études balkaniques 3: 71–102.

Greinke, Lena and Linda Lange. 2022. Multi-locality in Rural Areas – an Underestimated Phenomenon. Regional Studies, Regional Science 9 (1): 67–81. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21681376.2021.2025417.

Irechek, Konstantin. 1974. Patuvaniya po Balgariya [Travels in Bulgaria]. Sofia: Nauka i izkustvo.

Kanchov, Vasil. 1901. Iz balgarska Dobrudzha. Patni belezhki [From Bulgarian Dobrudja. Travel Notes]. Sofia.

Koçak, Aynur. 2003. Akyazili Sultan ve Tekkesine Folklorik Bir Yaklasim. Türk Kültürü ve Hacı Bektaş Veli Araştırmaları Dergisi 26: 223–234.

Kovalcsik, K. 2007. Gurbane as a Representation of Traditional Identity and Culture in an Oltenian Rudar community. In Kurban in the Balkans, eds. Biljana Sikimić and Petko Hristov, 109–136. Belgrade: Institute for Balkan Studies, Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.

Koz, Sabri M., ed. 2006. Günümüz Türkçesiyle Evliya Çelebi Seyahatnamesi 3. Istanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları.

Margos, Ara. 1972. Teketo Ak Yazılı baba: patevoditel [The Ak Yazılı Baba tekke: Guidebook]. Tolbuhin: Okrazhen istoricheski muzei Tolbuhin.

Melikoff, Irene. 1999. Razmisli po problema bektashi-alevi [Reflections on the Bektashi-Alevi Problem]. In Islyam and kultura, eds. Galina Lozanova and Lyubomir Mikov, 11–24. Sofia: IMIR.

Mikov, Lyubomir. 1998. Interiorna ukrasa na bektashkite grobnitsi v Bulgaria (stenopisi, kartini, shtampi) [Interior Decoration of Bektashi Tombs in Bulgaria (Mural Painting, Pictures, Prints)]. In Myusulmasnkata kultura po bulgarskite zemi 2, eds. Rositsa Gradeva and Svetlana Ivanova, 520–550. Sofia: IMIR.

Mikov, Lyubomir. 2001. Spetsifika na sufitskata arhitektura v Bulgaria (XVI–XX vek) [Specifics of the 16th – 20th c. Sufi Architecture in Bulgaria]. In Ethnologiya na sufitskite ordeni – teoria i praktika, eds. Antonina Zhelyazkova and Jorgen Nielsen, 187–219. Sofia: IMIR.

Mikov, Lyubomir. 2005. Izkustvoto na heterodoksnite myusyulmani v Bul¬garia (XVI–XX vek). Bektashi i kuzulbashi/alevii [The Art of Heterodox Muslims in Bulgaria (XVI–XX century). Bektaşi and Kızılbaş / Aleviî]. Sofia: Akademichno izdatelstvo ‘Prof. Marin Drinov’.

Mutafova, Krasimira. 2013. Mistichnite bratstva na heterodoksnite myusyulmani v religiozniya zhivot i konfesionalni otnosheniya v Rumeliya prez XV–XVI v. [Mystical Brotherhoods of Heterodox Muslims in Religious Life and Confessional Relations in Rumelia in the 15th-16th Centuries]. Epohi 2: 201–236.

Pravoslavieto.com. Sv. velikomachenik Dimitar Solunski Chudotvorets [St. Great Martyr Demetrius of Thessaloniki]. URL: https://www.pravoslavieto.com/life/10.26_sv_Dimitar_Solunski.htm (accessed 6.12.2023).

Pronewsdobrich.bg. 9.12.2019. Tekketo v Obrochishte - skrito pred ochite ni [Tekke in Obrochishte - Hidden from Our Eyes]. URL: https://pronewsdobrich.bg/tekketo-v-obrochishte-skrito-pred-ochite-ni-p75409 (accessed 28.4.2023).

Radionova, Diana. 1994. Teketo na Ak yazili baba pri selo Obrochishte, Balchishko [The Akyazılı Baba in Obrochishte, Balchik Region]. Dobrudzha 11 (1): 61–75.

Rodman, Margaret C. 1992. Empowering Place: Multilocality and Multivocality. American Anthropologist 94 (3): 640–656. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/aa.1992.94.3.02a00060.

Rolshoven, Johanna. 2007. The Temptations of Provisional. Multilocality as a Way of Life. Ethnologia Europaea. Journal of European Ethnology 37 (1–2): 17– 25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.16995/ee.1010.

Salazar, Noel. 2012. Tourism Imaginaries: A Conceptual Approach. Annals of Tourism Research 39 (2): 863–882. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2011.10.004.

Slavkova, Magdalena. 2007. Evangelical Gypsies in Bulgaria: Way of Life and Performance of Identity. Romani Studies 17 (2): 205–247.

Yankova, Veneta. 2007. Toposi, pamet, identichnosti (Kym folklore na myusyulmanite i hristiyanite v Shumensko) [Topoi, Memory, Identities. (The Folklore of the Muslims and Christians in Shumen region)]. Veliko Tarnovo: Faber.

Downloads

Published

30.12.2023

How to Cite

Erolova, Y., & Ivanova, V. (2023). Multi-local Actors of Change and Two Religious Sites in Northeast Bulgaria: Between Traditions and New Everyday Practices. Traditiones, 52(3), 47–70. https://doi.org/10.3986/Traditio2023520303