Fundamental basis for the conservation of biodiversity of the Black Sea-Kazakh steppes


  • Olga Demina Southern Federal University, B. Sadovaya 105, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
  • Tatiana Bragina Southern Federal University, B. Sadovaya 105, Rostov-on-Don, Russia & Kostanaysky State Pedagogical Institute, Taran 118, Kostanay, Kazakhstan


ecological network, Festucetea vaginatae, Festuco-Brometea, Festuco-Puccinellietea, Helianthemo-Thymetea, phytocenotic diversity, plant community, soil macrofauna.


The paper presents new approaches for assessing the conservation value of plant communities based on the use of quantitative criteria contained in databases and eco-floristic classification of steppe vegetation in the Don basin (Rostov region). The Black Sea and Kazakhstan steppes have significant potential for environmental protection. Analysis of biodiversity levels has been facilitated by descriptions of plant communities and quantitative indicators of major faunal groups of soil invertebrates (macrofauna) in the Tobol-Turgai basin (Kostanay region, Kazakhstan). As the structure of soil invertebrate communities is closely associated with vegetation, its assessment can provide insight into the degree of preservation or the depth of disturbance of ecosystems such as those found in the Black Sea and Kazakhstan steppes.


Download data is not yet available.


Anderson, S. 2003: Identification of the important plant areas: Guidelines for site selection in Europe and the basis for the development of the rules for the world [in Russian]. Publishing House of the World Conservation Union (IUCN) to Russia and the CIS, Moscow, 39 pp.

Andreev, A. V. 2002: Biodiversity assessment, monitoring and ecological network [in Russian]. Biotica, Chisinau, 168 pp.

Anon. 2004: Red Book of the Rostov region: rare and end angered plant species [in Russian]. Rostov-on-Don, 333 pp.

Anon. 2006: The strategy of conservation of the steppes of the Russia: the position of non-governmental organizations [in Russian]. Publishing House of the Center for Biodiversity Conservation, Moscow, 36 pp.

Anon. 2008: Red Book of the Russian Federation (plants and fungi) [in Russian]. KMK Scientific Press, Moscow, 855 pp.

Berg, C., Abdank, A., Isermann, M., Jansen, F., Timmermann, T. & Dengler, J. (in press): Red Lists and conservation prioritization of plant communities – a methodological framework. Applied Vegetation Science. DOI: 10.1111/avsc. 12093.

Bragina, T. M. 2004: Comparative analysis of the population of soil invertebrates of steppes and fallow lands in the sub zone of moderately dry steppe of Kazakhstan [in Russian]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan. Biological and Medical Series 4: 25–30.

Bragina, T. M. 2007: Protected areas of Kazakhstan and the prospects for establishment of ecological network (with a legislative framework for protected areas) [in Russian]. Kostanai Printing House, Kostanay, 164 pp.

Braun-Blanquet, J. 1964: Pflanzensoziologie. Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde. 3rd. ed. Springer, Wien, 865 pp.

De Deyn, G. B., Quirk, H. & Bardgett, R. D. 2011: Plant species richness, identity and productivity differentially influence key groups of microbes in grassland soils of contrasting fertility. Biological Letters 7: 75–78.

Demina, O. N. 2007: Formation of the system of natural monuments in the Rostov region [in Russian]. IUCN, Rostov-on-Don, 79 pp.

Demina, O. N. 2011: Patterns of distribution and development of the vegetation of the steppes of the Don Basin (within the Rostov region) [in Russian]. Abstract of the doctoral dissertation. Moscow, 50 pp.

Demina, O. N. 2012: East Black-Sea forb-bunchgrass steppes of Don basin (within the Rostov region) [in Russian]. Vegetation Russia 2: 27–47.

Didukh, Y. P. 1989: Floristic classification of “gypsum flora” groups [in Ukrainian]. Ukrainian Botanic Journal 46(6): 16–21.

Didukh, Y. P. & Korotchennko, I. A. 1996: Steppe vegetation of the southern Ukrainian Left Bank forest-steppe region. I. Classes Festucetea vaginatae and Helianthemo-Thymetea [in Ukrainian]. Ukranian Phytocen Almanac, Series A, 2: 56–63.

Gilyarov, M. S. 1965: Zoological diagnostic method of soil [in Russian]. Nauka, Moscow, 278 p.

Institute of Geography of RAS (ed.) 2013: Emerald Book of the Russian Federation. Areas of special conservation interest in European Russia. Proposals on ASCI identification. Part 1, M [in Russian]. Institute of Geography of RAS, 308 pp.

Izco, J. 1998: Types of rarity of plant communities. Journal of Vegetation Science 9: 641–646.

Lavelle, P. & Pashanasi, B. 1989: Soil macrofauna and land management in Peruvian Amazonia (Yurimaguas, Loreto). Pedobiologia 33: 283–291.

Lavrenko, E. M. 1970: The provincial division of the Black Sea-Kazakhstan subregion of steppe region of Eurasia [in Russian]. Botanical Journal 55: 609–625.

Lavrenko, E. M., Karamysheva, Z. V. & Nikulina, R. I. 1991: Steppes of Eurasia [in Russian]. Nauka, Leningrad, 146 pp.

Lysenko, T., Mucina, L. & Iakushenko, D. 2011: Nomenclatural notes on saline vegetation of Ukraine, southern Russia and Kazakhstan. Lazaroa 32: 187–189.

Martynenko, V. B. & Mirkin, B. M. 2006: The role of vegetation classification in designing a system of protected areas. Questions of general botany: traditions and prospects [in Russian]. In: Proceedings of the international scientific conference dedicated to the 200th anniversary

of Kazan botanical school. Part 2, Kazan, pp. 301–303.

Rabinowitz, D., Cairms, S. & Dillon, T. 1986: Seven forms of rarity and their frequencies in the flora of British isles. In: Soule, M. E. (ed.): Conservation biology: The science of scarcity and scarcity and diversity. Sinaver, Sunderland, pp. 182–204.

Rachkovskaya, E. I. & Bragina, T. M. 2012: Steppes of Kazakhstan: diversity and present state. In: Marinus, J. A. Werger, M. & van Staalduinen, A. (eds.) Eurasian steppes. Ecological problems and livelihoods in a changing world. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 103–148.

Riecken, U., Finck, P., Raths, U., Schröder, E. & Ssymank, A. 2006: Rote Liste der gefährdeten Biotoptypen Deutschlands. Zweite fortgeschriebene Fassung 2006. Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 34: 1–318.

Rodwell, J. S., Schaminee, J. H. J., Mucina, L., Pignatti, S., Dring, J. & Moss, D. 2002: The diversity of European Vegetation. An overview of phytosociological alliances and their relationships to EUNIS habitats. National Reference Centre for Agriculture, Nature and Fisheries, Wageningen, 168 pp.

Shelyag-Sosonko Y. R. (ed.) 1987: Green Book of Ukrainian SSR: Rare, endangered and typical of endangered plant communities. Nauk. Dumka, Kiev, 216 pp.

Siberian Academy of Sciences (ed.) 1996: Green Book of Siberia. Rare and in need of protection plant communities [in Russian]. Nauka, Novosibirsk, 396 pp.

Standing Committee to the Bern Convention (ed.) 2011: Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats. Revised Annex I of Resolution 6 (1998). Council of Europe, Strasbourg. Stoyko, S. M. 1983: Ecological basis of rare, unique and typical plant communities [in Russian]. Botanical Journal 68: 1574–1583.

Velásqueza, E., Fonteb, S. J., Barotc, S., Grimaldic, M., Desjardinsc, T. & Lavelle P. 2012: Soil macrofauna-mediated impacts of plant species composition on soil functioning in Amazonian pastures. Applied Soil Ecology 56: 43–50.



How to Cite

Demina, O. and Bragina, T. (2015) “Fundamental basis for the conservation of biodiversity of the Black Sea-Kazakh steppes”, Hacquetia, 13(1). Available at: (Accessed: 6 July 2022).




Most read articles by the same author(s)