Dieu fainéant? God and bodies in Descartes, Malebranche, and Leibniz

  • Gregor Kroupa
Keywords: early modern philosophy, causation, creation, God, bodies

Abstract

Conservation, concurrence with secondary causes, and occasionalism are the three attitudes that God can have towards the created universe in early modern philosophy. The aim of our article is to show how and in what forms these three originally mediaeval theories survived the seventeenth century in Descartes, Malebranche, and Leibniz. We try to show that although it cannot always be unequivocally determined which of the three doctrines each of the thinkers is indebted to, Descartes should be interpreted as a concurrentist, Malebranche as an occasionalist, and Leibniz can be read as a mere conservationist. The conservation of substances in existence being nothing but continual creation, we claim against Alexandre Koyré that Leibniz’s God can be called neither Dieu fainéant nor God of the Sabbath day.

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Published
2016-03-04
How to Cite
1.
Kroupa G. Dieu fainéant? God and bodies in Descartes, Malebranche, and Leibniz. FV [Internet]. 2016Mar.4 [cited 2020May25];26(1). Available from: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/filozofski-vestnik/article/view/4332