The Multi-faced So-called Miniature Idols from the Baltic Sea Area<br>Wielotwarzowe miniaturowe idole z basenu Morza Bałtyckiego</br>

  • Kamil Kajkowski Muzeum Zachodniokaszubskie, Ul. Zamkowa 2, PL-77100 Bytów, Polska
  • Paweł Szczepanik Institut Archeologii UMK Torun, Ul. Szosa Bydgoska 44/48, PL- 87100 Torun, Polska
Keywords: miniature figurines, Baltic Sea, Svantevit, ritual, Slav, Wolin

Abstract

The aim of this text is to present early medieval miniature figurines discovered in the Baltic Sea region. The authors review interpretations of this archaeological finds from literature and offer a new perspective for their functions. The next problem dealt with is the ethno-cultural membership of the users of the objects.

We would consider those figurines as symbols or perhaps fetishes referring to a particular sacral power, perhaps associated with the four-faced god Svantevit(?), or as ritual requisites connected with magic practices (especially in the form of vegetation magic and love magic). The representations of four faces or four heads on these objects may have legitimized the creative power of these objects, i.e. a power sanctioned by the authority of a deity with particular competence. Consequently, in our view, the multi-faced figures found in different locations within the Baltic Sea area would suggest a Slavic presence.

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Published
2013-10-14
How to Cite
1.
Kajkowski K, Szczepanik P. The Multi-faced So-called Miniature Idols from the Baltic Sea Area<br>Wielotwarzowe miniaturowe idole z basenu Morza Bałtyckiego</br&gt;. Studia [Internet]. 2013Oct.14 [cited 2020May25];160:55-8. Available from: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/sms/article/view/1529
Section
SLOVANSKA MITOLOGIJA – VIRI IN REKONSTRUKCIJE / SLAVIC MYTHOLOGY – SOURCES AND RECONSTRUCTIONS