Vegetacija peščenih sipin na obali Igneada v trakijskem delu Turčije

Ali Kavgaci

Povzetek

Igneada se nahaja v severozahodnem delu Turčije na obali Črnega morja ob državni meji med Turčijo in Bolgarijo. Glede rastlinske raznovrstnosti je območje Igneada eno najpomembnejših v Turčiji. V članku je obravnavana fitocenološka struktura vegetacije peščenih sipin, ki je ena najpomembnejših sestavin rastlinskega bogatstva območja. Prikazane so tri rastlinske združbe: Otantho-Leymetum sabulosi, temeljna združba Medicago rigidula-Cionura erecta in travnik, ki se pojavlja za peščeno sipino. Del peščene sipine, ki je najbližje morju in je širok 30 metrov, se hitro dviga in je brez vegetacije. Za njim se na nestabilnem delu sipine nahajajajo sestoji asociacije Otantho-Leymetum sabulosi. Sledijo sestoji temeljne združbe Medicago rigidula-Cionura erecta na stabilnem delu peščene sipine. Sledi pas vegetacije, ki ga sestavljajo kozmopolitske vrste ali vrste, značilne za travniško vegetacijo.

Ključne besede

Igneada, varstvo narave, fitocenologija, peščene sipine

Celotno besedilo:

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