Phytosociology and taxonomic notes on some endemic-rich associations of the Naples Gulf

Authors

  • Giuliano Fanelli Department of Environmental Biology, Sapienza University of Rome
  • Dario La Montagna Sapienza University of Rome
  • Fabio Attorre Department of Environmental Biology, Sapienza University of Rome
  • Michele De Sanctis Department of Environmental Biology, Sapienza University of Rome
  • Paola Masucci Centro Studi Interdisciplinari Gaiola onlus, AMP Parco Sommerso di Gaiola

Keywords:

Chasmophyte, Endemic dolomite, Phytogeography, Phytosociology, Scrub, Southern Italy

Abstract

The Gulf of Naples is an important centre of endemism, well known from the floristic point of view, but much less from the phytosociological one. In this paper we investigated the non-forest vegetation focusing on communities rich in endemics. We described two communities as new: Eryngio amethystini-Santolinetum neapolitanae for the garrigues on limestone, Globulario neapolitanae-Loniceretum stabianae for the vegetation on dolomitic rocks, both from the Lattari mountains, and we extend the area of Crithmo maritimi-Limonietum cumani for the vegetation on volcanic rocks and rarely on limestones along the coast, which was known for a few localities. The syntaxonomical position and the phytogeographical context of these communities are discussed. A few taxonomic notes are added on rare or interesting species retrieved in the course of the enquiry.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Barbéro, M., Loisel, R., Quézel, P., Richardson, D.M., & Romane, F. (1998). Pines of the Mediterranean Basin. In D.M., Richardson, (Ed.), Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus (pp. 153–170). Cambridge University Press.

Barkman, J.J., Doing, H., & Segal, S. (1964). Kritische Bemerkungen und Vorschläge zur quantitativen Vegetationsanalyse. Acta Botanica Neerlandica, 13, 394–419.

Bartolo, G., Brullo, S., & Signorello, P. (1989). La classe Crithmo-Limonietea nella penisola italiana. Colloques phytosociologiques, 19, 55–81.

Bartolucci, F., Peruzzi, L., Galasso, G., Albano, A., Alessandrini, A., Ardenghi, N.M.G., Astuti, G., Bacchetta, G., Ballelli, S., Banfi, E., Barberis, G., Bernardo, L., Bouvet, D., Bovio, M., Cecchi, L., Di Pietro, R., Domina, G., Fascetti, S., Fenu, G., Festi, F., Foggi, B., Gallo, L., Gottschlich, G., Gubellini, L., Iamonico, D., Iberite, M., Jiménez-Mejías, P., Lattanzi, E., Marchetti, D., Martinetto, E., Masin, R.R., Medagli, P., Passalacqua, N.G., Peccenini, S., Pennesi, R., Pierini, B., Poldini, L., Prosser, F., Raimondo, F.M., Roma-Marzio, F., Rosati, L., Santangelo, A., Scoppola, A., Scortegagna, S., Selvaggi, A., Selvi, F., Soldano, A., Stinca, A., Wagensommer, R.P., Wilhalm, T., & Conti, F. (2018). An updated checklist of the vascu-lar flora native to Italy. Plant Biosystems, 152(2), 179–303. https://doi.org/10.1080/11263504.2017.1419996

Blasi, C. (2010). La vegetazione d'Italia. Palombi Editori.

Blasi, C., & Biondi, E. (2017). La flora in Italia. Sapienza Università Editrice.

Blasi, C., Capotorti, G., Copiz, R., Guida, D., Mollo, B., Smiraglia, D., & Zavattero, L. (2018). Terrestrial Ecoregions of Italy: Map and Explanatory notes. Global Map S.r.l.

Caiazzo, C., Ascione, A., & Cinque, A. (2006). Late Tertiary–Quaternary tectonics of the Southern Apennines (Italy): new evidences from the Tyrrhenian slope. Tectonophysics, 421(1–2), 23–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2006.04.011

Cancellieri, L., Caneva, G., & Cutini, M. (2017). Phytosociology and ecology of the Mediter-ranean forests ecosystems in the Amalfi Coast (Monti Lattari, Italy). Rendiconti Lincei, 28, 651–671. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12210-017-0635-x

Canestrelli, D., Aloise, G., Cecchetti, S., & Nascetti, G. (2010). Birth of a hotspot of intraspe-cific genetic diversity: notes from the underground. Molecular Ecology, 19(24), 5432–5451. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04900.x

Casciello, E., Cesarano, M., & Pappone, G. (2006). Extensional detachment faulting on the Tyrrhenian margin of the southern Apennines contractional belt (Italy). Journal of the Geo-logical Society, 163(4), 617–629. https://doi.org/10.1144/0016-764905-054

Chytrý, M., Hennekens, S.M., Jiménez-Alfaro, B., Knollová, I., Dengler, J., Jansen, F., Lan-ducci, F., Schaminée, J.H., Aćić, S., Agrillo, E., Ambarli, D., Angelini, P., Apostolova, I., At-torre, F., Berg, C., Bergmeier, E., Biurrun, I., Botta-Dukát, Z., Brisse, H., Campos, J.A., Carlón, L., Čarni, A., Casella, L., Csiky, J., Ćušterevska, R., Dajić Stevanović, Z., Danihelka, J., deBie, E., deRuffray, P., deSanctis, M., Dickoré, W.B., Dimopoulos, P., Dubyna, D., Dzi-uba, T., Ejrnaes, R., Ermakov, N., Ewald, J., Fanelli, G., Fernández-González, F., Fitzpatrick, Ú., Font, X., García-Mijangos, I., Gavilán, R. G., Golub, V., Guarino, R., Haveman, R., In-dreica, A., Işık Gürsoy, D., Jandt, U., Janssen, J. A. M., Jiroušek, M., Kącki, Z., Kavgacı, A., Kleikamp, M., Kolomiychuk, V., Krstivojević Ćuk, M., Krstonošić, D., Kuzemko, A., Lenoir, J., Lysenko, T., Marcenò, C., Martynenko, V., Michalcová, D., Moeslund, J. E., Onyshchen-ko, V., Pedashenko, H., Pérez-Haase, A., Peterka, T., Prokhorov, V., Rašomavičius, V., Rodríguez-Rojo, M. P., Rodwell, J. S., Rogova, T., Ruprecht, E., Rūsiņa, S., Seidler, G., Šibík, J., Šilc, U., Škvorc, Ž., Sopotlieva, D., Stančić, Z., Svenning, J.-C., Swacha, G., Tsiripidis, I., Turtureanu, P. D., Uğurlu, E., Uogintas, D., Valachovič, M., Vashenyak, Y., Vassilev, K., Venanzoni, R., Virtanen, R., Weekes, L., Willner, W., Wohlgemuth, T., & Yamalov, S. (2016). European Vegetation Archive (EVA): an integrated database of Europe-an vegetation plots. Applied Vegetation Science, 19(1), 173–180. https://doi.org/10.1111/avsc.12191

Corbetta, F., Frattaroli, A.R., Ciaschetti, G., & Pirone, G. (2000). Some aspects of the chasmophytic vegetation in the Cilento - Vallo di Diano National Park (Campania - Italy). Ac-ta Botanica Croatica, 59(1), 43–53.

De Natale, A., Di Nuzzo, F., & Crescenzi, E. (2008). Note di floristica per la Penisola Sorren-tina, il Massiccio del Matese e specie notevoli per la Campania. Informatore Botanico Italia-no, 40(2), 243–248.

De Natale, A., & La Valva, V. (2000). La flora di Napoli: i quartieri della città. Webbia, 54(2), 271–375. https://doi.org/10.1080/00837792.2000.10670681

Del Guacchio, E., Innangi, M., Giacò, A., Peruzzi, L., & Caputo, P. (2020). Taxa endemic to Campania (southern Italy): nomenclatural and taxonomic notes. Phytotaxa, 449(3), 217–231. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.449.3.2

Đenader, T., Lakušić, D., & Kuzmanović, N. (2020). Variability of leaf blade anatomical traits in the Sesleria juncifolia complex (Poaceae) on the Balkan Peninsula. Phytotaxa, 442(3), 138–152.

Di Pietro, R. (2007). Taxonomic features of Sesleria calabrica (Poaceae), a neglected species from Southern Italy. Folia Geobotanica, 42, 289−313. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02806468

Di Pietro, R., D’amato, G., & Trombetta, B. (2005). Karyology and distribution of Sesleria tenuifolia complex (Poaceae) in the Italian Peninsula. Nordic Journal of Botany, 23, 615–623. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-1051.2003.tb00442.x

Di Pietro, R., Kuzmanović, N., Iamonico, D., Pignotti, L., Barina, Z., Lakušić, D., & Alegro, A. (2013). Typification of names in the Sesleria juncifolia species complex (Poaceae). Phyto-taxa, 152(1), 18–32. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.152.1.2

European Commission (2013). Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28.

Hilpold, A., Schönswetter, P., Susanna, A., Garcia-Jacas, N., & Vilatersana, R. (2011). Evolu-tion of the central Mediterranean Centaurea cineraria group (Asteraceae): Evidence for rela-tively recent, allopatric diversification following transoceanic seed dispersal. Taxon, 60(2), 528–538. https://doi.org/10.1002/tax.602019

Iannace, A., Galluccio, L., Guerriero, V., Mazzoli, S., Parente, M., & Vitale, S. (2008). Do-lomites within the Mesozoic carbonates of Southern Apennines (Italy): genetic models and reservoir implications. Rendiconti Online Società Geologica Italiana, 2, 109–114.

Innangi, M., Friščić, M., Hazler Pilepić, K., Danise, T., Conti, F., Bartolucci, F., Fioretto, A., & Peruzzi, L. (2020). Explaining Intricate Morphometric Variability with Environmental Pre-dictors: The Case of Globularia cordifolia Species Complex. Plants, 9(3), 314. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9030314

ISPRA (2003). Progetto Annali. Retrieved September 1, 2020, from https://www.isprambiente.gov.it/it/progetti/cartella-progetti-in-corso/acque-interne-e-marino-costiere-1/progetto-annali

ISPRA (2011). SCIA – Sistema nazionale per la raccolta, l’elaborazione e la diffusione di dati Climatologici di Interesse Ambientale. Retrieved September 1, 2020, from http://www.scia.isprambiente.it/wwwrootscia/Home_new.html

ISPRA 2014: Carta Geologica d’Italia alla scala 1: 50.000 - CARG project (Foglio 466, Sor-rento). Retrieved September 1, 2020, from https://www.isprambiente.gov.it/Media/carg/index.html

JSTOR Global Plants (2020). JSTOR Global Plants Database. Retrieved September 1, 2020, from https://plants.jstor.org (accessed September 2020).

Mahmutaj, E., Hoda, P., & Shuka, L. (2014). Rare plants and their conservation status in To-morri National Park. Journal of Endocytobiosis and Cell Research, 25, 27–32.

Masucci, P., & Simeone, M. (2006, September 27-29). Indagine floro-vegetazionale sulla co-sta emersa del Parco Sommerso di Gaiola (Golfo di Napoli). 101° Congresso della Società Botanica Italiana, Caserta, Italy.

Milia, A. (1998). Le unità piroclastiche tardo-quaternarie nel Golfo di Napoli. Geografia Fisi-ca e Dinamica Quaternaria, 21, 147–153.

Mota, J.F., Medina-Cazorla, J.M., Navarro, F.B., Pérez-García, F.J., Pérez-Latorre, A., Sán-chez-Gómez, P., Torres, J.A., Benavente, A., Blanca, G., Gil, C., Lorite, J., & Merlo, M.E. (2008). Dolomite flora of the Baetic Ranges glades (South Spain). Flora, 203, 359–375. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2007.06.006

Mota, J.F., Garrido-Becerra, J.A., Merlo, M.E., Medina-Cazorla, J.M., & Sánchez-Gómez, P. (2017). The Edaphism: Gypsum, Dolomite and Serpentine Flora and Vegetation. In J., Loidi, (Ed.), The Vegetation of the Iberian Peninsula, Volume 2 (pp. 277–354). Springer.

Mucina, L., Bültmann, H., Dierßen, K., Theurillat, J.-P., Raus, T., Čarni, A., Šumberová, K., Willner, W., Dengler, J., Gavilán García, R., Chytrý, M., Hájek, M., Di Pietro, R., Iakushen-ko, D., Pallas, J., Daniëls, F.J.A., Bergmeier, E., Guerra, A.S., Ermakov, N., Valachovič, M., Schaminée, J.H.J., Lysenko, T., Didukh, Y.P., Pignatti, S., Rodwell, J.S., Capelo, J., Weber, H.E., Solomeshch, A., Dimopoulos, P., Aguiar, C., Hennekens, S.M., & Tichý, L. (2016): Vegetation of Europe: hierarchical floristic classification system of vascular plant, bryophyte, lichen, and algal communities. Applied Vegetation Science, 19(1), 3–264. https://doi.org/10.1111/avsc.12257

Pignatti, S. (1982). Flora d’Italia (Vol. 1-3). Edagricole.

Pignatti, S., Guarino, R., & La Rosa, M. (2017). Flora d'Italia (Vol. 1-4). Edagricole-New Business Media.

Pirone, G., Ciaschetti, G., Di Martino, L., Di Cecco, V., & Frattaroli, A.R. (2014). Contributo alla conoscenza delle garighe collinari e submontane dell’Appennino Centrale. Micologia e Vegetazione Mediterranea, 29(1), 75–92.

Pirone, G., & Tammaro, F. (1997). The hilly calciophilous garigues in Abruzzo (Central Apennines, Italy). Fitosociologia, 32, 73–90.

Pröll, G., Hietz, P., Delaney, C.M., & Katzensteiner, K. (2016). Substrate influences ecophys-iological performance of tree seedlings. Tree Physiology, 36, 39–53. https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpv104

Santangelo, N., Romano, P., Ascione, A., & Ermolli, E. R. (2017). Quaternary evolution of the Southern Apennines coastal plains: A review. Geologica Carpathica, 68(1), 43–56. https://doi.org/10.1515/geoca-2017-0004

SBI, (1952). Escursione Sociale nel Cilento e nella Penisola Sorrentina (30 Maggio - 3 Giu-gno 1952). Giornale botanico italiano, 59(2-4), 441–584. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11263505209431546

Scarpati, C., Perrotta, A., Lepore, S., & Calvert, A. (2013). Eruptive history of Neapolitan volcanoes: constraints from 40Ar–39Ar dating. Geological Magazine, 150(3), 412–425. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0016756812000854

Terzi, M., Jasprica, N., & Caković, D. (2017). Xerothermic chasmophytic vegetation of the central Mediterranean Basin: a nomenclatural revision. Phytocoenologia, 47(4), 365–383. https://doi.org/10.1127/phyto/2017/0185

Ubaldi, D. (2006). Contributo alla tassonomia di Sesleria apennina Ujhelyi (Liliopsida Poales Poaceae). Quaderno di Studi e Notizie di Storia Naturale della Romagna, 22, 65–74.

Vallariello, R., Iamonico, D., & Del Guacchio, E. (2016). Typification of three accepted names in Limonium (Plumbaginaceae). Phytotaxa, 263(2), 131–138. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.263.2.5

Westhoff, V., & van der Maarel, E. (1980). The Braun-Blanquet approach. In R. H., Whit-taker, (Ed.), Classification of plant communities (pp. 287–399). W Junk.

Downloads

Published

2022-01-28

How to Cite

Fanelli, G., La Montagna, D., Attorre, F., De Sanctis, M. and Masucci, P. (2022) “Phytosociology and taxonomic notes on some endemic-rich associations of the Naples Gulf”, Hacquetia, 21(1), pp. 1–14. Available at: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/10211 (Accessed: 28 May 2022).

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)