The Concept of Emancipation as Political Action (Marx, Arendt, Rancière)

  • Lana Zdravković Peace Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Keywords: human emancipation, political emancipation, intellectual emancipation, revolution, liberation, freedom

Abstract

The text attempts to rethink the concept of emancipation and how it is structured as political action, while describing its historical origins and how it is further understood by the three important political philosophers: Karl Marx, Hannah Arendt, and Jacques Rancière. All three of them – specifically and with substantial differences – understand politics as a space for political action that leads to emancipation in the name of equality. In order to determine the historical origin of the concept in more detail, the argumentation of the text rely upon its elaboration within the school of “conceptual history”, which deals with the historical semantics of terms and sees the etymology of and the change in the meaning of terms as forming a crucial basis for a contemporary cultural, conceptual, and linguistic understanding, and afterwards it links this “pre-history” with Marx’s, Arendt’s, and Rancière’s understanding of the concept of emancipation, and see how they differ and are related to each other, considering what theoretical conclusions about the concept of emancipation we can take from these relations. Particular interest is aimed at how the concept of emancipation is perceived today, who the subject of emancipation is, what the method and final goal of emancipation is, and, finally, how these understandings can help us in the present time when it seems that we need emancipation more than ever.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Arendt, Hannah, The Human Condition, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1958.

Arendt, Hannah, Between Past and Future: Six Exercises in Political Thought, New York, The Viking Press, 1961.

Arendt, Hannah, On Revolution, London, Penguin Books, 1963.

Arendt, Hannah, The Origins of Totalitarianism, New York, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1973 [1951].

Bernstein, Richard J., “Reflections on Radical Evil: Arendt and Kant”, Soundings: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 85 (1–2/2002), pp. 17–30.

Brunner, Otto, Conze, Werner, and Koselleck, Reinhart (eds.), “Emanzipation”, Geschichtliche Grundbegriffe: Historisches Lexikon zur politisch-sozialen Sprache in Deutschland, Vienna, Klett-Cotta Verlag, 1972/1997, pp. 153–197.

Dikeç, Mustafa, “Beginners and Equals: Political Subjectivity in Arendt and Rancière”, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 38 (1/2013), pp. 78–90.

Ingram, James D., “The Subject of the Politics of Recognition: Hannah Arendt and Jacques Rancière”, in Georg W. Bertram et al. (eds.), Socialité et reconnaissance: Grammaires de l’humain, Paris, L’Harmattan, 2007, pp. 229–24.

Jalušič, Vlasta, “Zmešnjava pri vprašanju nasilja: oblast in nasilje pri Hannah Arendt”, Časopis za kritiko znanosti, 24 (180–181/1996), pp. 27–53.

Jalušič, Vlasta, “Vaditi politično mišljenje v posttotalitarnih časih” (Afterword), in Hannah Arendt, Med preteklostjo in prihodnostjo: šest vaj v političnem mišljenju, Ljubljana, Krtina, 2006, pp. 233–274.

Jalušič, Vlasta, Zlo nemišljenja: arendtovske vaje v razumevanju posttotalitarne dobe in kolektivnih zločinov, Ljubljana, Mirovni inštitut – Inštitut za sodobne družbene in politične študije, 2009.

Jalušič, Vlasta and Mirt Komel, “Misliti revolucijo po Hannah Arendt ali politična znanost o ustanavljanju novih oblik vladavine” (Afterword), in Hannah Arendt, O revoluciji, Ljubljana, Krtina, 2017, pp. 321–345.

Kant, Immanuel, “What Is Enlightenment?”, Columbia University On-line Library, [1784], http://www.columbia.edu/acis/ets/CCREAD/etscc/kant.html.

Koselleck, Reinhart “The Limits of Emancipation: A Conceptual-Historical Sketch”, trans. T. S. Presner, in Reinhardt Koselleck, The Practice of Conceptual History: Timing History, Spacing Concepts, Stanford, Stanford University Press, 2002, pp. 248–263.

Kurelić, Zoran, “Does the World Need Humanity”, Filozofski godišnjak – Glasnik Instituta za filozofiju Filozofskog fakulteta u Beogradu, 21 (2008), pp. 121–131.

Kurelić, Zoran, “Telos of the Camp”, Croatian Political Science Review, 46 (3/2009), pp. 141–156.

Kurelić, Zoran, “Raining Snakes”, Croatian Political Science Review, 49 (1/2012), pp. 24–40.

Kurelić, Zoran, “From Hellholes to Hell: On Political Agency in Purgatory”, Croatian Political Science Review, 56 (3–4/2019), pp. 137–153.

Lara, Maria Pia, The Disclosure of Politics: Struggles over the Semantics of Secularisation, New York, Columbia University Press, 2013.

Minkkinen, Panu, “Rancière and Schmitt: Sons of Ares?”, in M. L. Lerma, J. Etxabe (eds.), Rancière and Law, Abingdon, Routledge, 2017, pp. 129–149.

Marx, Karl, Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right, Marxist Internet Archive, [1843], https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1843/critique-hpr/.

Marx, Karl, On the Jewish Question, Marxist Internet Archive, [1844], https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1844/jewish-question/.

Marx, Karl, The German Ideology, Marxist Internet Archive, [1845], https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1845/german-ideology/.

Marx, Karl, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, Marxist Internet Archive, [1852], https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1852/18th-brumaire/.

Marx, Karl, Critique of the Gotha Programme, Marxist Internet Archive, [1875], https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1875/gotha/.

Marx, Karl and Friedrich Engels, Manifesto of the Communist Party, Marxist Internet Archive, [1848], https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/.

Perica, Ivana, “The Archipolitics of Jacques Rancière”, Krisis. Journal for Contemporary Philosophy, 49 (1/2019), pp. 15–26.

Rancière, Jacques, “Politics, Identification and Subjectivization”, in J. Rajhcman (ed.), Identity in Question, New York/London, Routledge, 1995, pp. 60–70.

Rancière, Jacques, “Ten Theses on Politics”, Theory & Event, 5 (3/2001), pp. 1–10.

Rancière, Jacques, “Who is the subject of the rights of man?”, South Atlantic Quarterly, 103 (2–3, 2004), pp. 297–310.

Rancière, Jacques, Disagreement: Politics and Philosophy, trans. J. Rose, Minnesota, University of Minnesota Press, 1999 [1995].

Rancière, Jacques, Hatred of Democracy, trans. J. Rose, London, Verso, 2006 [2005].

Rancière, Jacques, The Ignorant Schoolmaster, trans. K. Ross, Stanford, Stanford University Press, 1991 [1987].

Rancière, Jacques, The Nights of Labor: The Workers’ Dream in Nineteenth-Century France, trans. J. Drury, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1989 [1981].

Rancière, Jacques, The Philosopher and His Poor, trans. A. Parker, C. Oster and J. Druty, Durham/London, Duke University Press, 2003 [1983].

Rancière, Jacques, On the Shores of Politics, trans. L. Heron, London, Verso, 1992 [2007].

Rousseau, Jean Jacques, The Social Contract, trans. G. D. H. Cole, London, Independently Publishing, 2020.

Schaap, Andrew, “Enacting the Right to Have Rights: Jacques Rancière’s Critique of Hannah Arendt”, European Journal of Political Theory, 10 (1/2011), pp. 22–45.

Schaap, Andrew, “Hannah Arendt and the Philosophical Repression of Politics”, in J-P. Deranty, A. Ross (eds.), Jacques Rancière in the Contemporary Scene: The Philosophy of Radical Equality, London, Continuum, 2012, pp. 145–166.

Šumič-Riha, Jelica, “Aisthesis Politike (Afterword)”, in Nerazumevanje, Ljubljana, Založba ZRC, 2005, pp. 175–197.

Published
2021-12-31
How to Cite
1.
Zdravković L. The Concept of Emancipation as Political Action (Marx, Arendt, Rancière). FV [Internet]. 2021Dec.31 [cited 2022Jan.28];42(1). Available from: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/filozofski-vestnik/article/view/10490