Fifty Years of the Hypotelminorheic: What Have We Learned?

  • Tanja Pipan Karst Research Institute ZRC SAZU, Titov trg 2, SI-6230 Postojna
  • Cene Fišer Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Večna pot 111, SI-1000 Ljubljana
  • Tone Novak epartment of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Maribor, Koroška 160, SI-2000, Maribor
  • David C. Culver Department of Environmental Science, American University, 4400 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington, D.C. 20016


Originally described by Meštrov in 1962, hypotelminorheic habitats are superficial subterranean drainages, typically less than a meter or so in depth, that emerge at small seepage springs. These are persistent wet spots, typically with blackened leaves in small depressions. There may be no flow during dry periods, but the underlying clay retains water above. They share the landscape with other small bodies of water (močila in Slovenian), not necessarily connected with groundwater. Hypotelminorheic habitats (mezišča in Slovenian) usually harbor a fauna dominated by species adapted to subterranean life, characteristically without eyes or pigment. The basic chemistry and hydrology of the habitat is described as are the basic faunal elements. The habitat is placed in a more general context by reviewing how species invade the habitat, their morphology, and their possible connection to deeper subterranean habitats.


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How to Cite
Pipan T, Fišer C, Novak T, Culver DC. Fifty Years of the Hypotelminorheic: What Have We Learned?. AC [Internet]. 2012Dec.15 [cited 2022Jan.18];41(2-3). Available from:
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