Cave hygropetric beetles and their feeding behaviour, a comparative study of Cansiliella servadeii AND Hadesia asamo (Coleoptera, Leiodidae, Cholevinae, Leptodirini)

Luca Dorigo, Andrea Squartini, Vladimiro Toniello, Angelo Leandro Dreon, Alberto Pamio, Giorgio Concina, Venicio Simonutti, Enrico Ruzzier, Michel Perreau, Annette Summers Engel, Federico Gavinelli, Isabel Martinez-Sañudo, Luca Mazzon, Maurizio Guido Paoletti

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/ac.v46i2-3.4936

Abstract

Several Leptodirini beetles (Leiodidae) are known to dwell in hygropetric habitats where films of water run down the cave walls, but observations of their behaviour are lacking. The ultra- specialised hygropetricolous beetles belonging to the genera Cansiliella and Hadesia are biogeographically and phylogenetically unrelated leptodirines. As the species of the former genus are known to be associated with the moonmilk deposits our study aimed to obtain data on their foraging behaviour, as well as to compare the feeding strategies of both genera. In situ monitoring of C. servadeii from the cave Grotta della Foos (Italy) and H. asamo from Bravenik Cave (Bosnia and Herzegovina), was complemented by video recordings to ensure accurate results. Mouthparts and tarsi of both species were examined using scanning electron microscopy and compared with H. weiratheri from Montenegro to evaluate potential morphological adaptations to the hygropetricolous ecological niches. The three species had significantly different mouthpart morphologies, likely due to differences in semi-aquatic feeding strategies and overall ecology. A series of new observations on site movement and feeding behaviour are presented, compared and discussed.

Key words: Coleoptera, ecology, behaviour, moonmilk, cave hygropetric.

 Primerjava jamskih higropetričnih hroščev in njihovegaprehranjevanja; Cansiliella servadeii in Hadesia asamo (Coleoptera, Leiodidae, Cholevinae, Leptodirini)

Številni hrošči iz poddružine Leptodirinae (Leiodidae) so prilagojeni na življenje v posebnem habitatu »jamskem higropetriku «, t.j. tankem sloju tekoče vode, ki teče po sigi. Zaenkrat je njihovo vedenje še precejšnja neznanka. Visoko specializirani higropetrični vrsti Cansiliella servadeii in Hadesia asamo sta geografsko ločeni in filogenetsko nesorodni. Ker je prva očitno vezana na depozite mehke sige (t.i. jamsko mleko), smo želeli raziskati iskanje hrane pri tej vrsti ter primerjati strategijo hranjenja obeh vrst. Da bi povečali zanesljivost rezultatov, smo poleg in situ opazovanja C. servadeii iz jame Grotta della Foos (Italija) in H. asamo iz jame Bravenik (Bosna in Hercegovina), njuno vedenje tudi posneli. Z vrstičnim elektronskim mikroskopom smo raziskali obustne okončine in stopalca obeh vrst in jih primerjali s H. weiratheri iz Črne gore, da bi preverili potencialne morfološke prilagoditve na specifično ekološko nišo. Bistvene razlike v zgradbi ustnega aparata so najverjetneje posledica razlik v strategiji hranjenja, kot tudi različne splošne ekologije omenjenih vrst. V prispevku predstavljamo, primerjamo in razpravljamo o novih opažanjih povezanih z gibanjem in prehranjevanjem higropetričnih hroščev.

Ključne besede: Coleoptera, ekologija, vedenje, jamsko mleko, jamski higropetrik. 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/ac.v46i2-3.4936

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