The One-eighth Relationship that Constrains Deglacial Seismicity and Cave Development in Caledonide Marbles

  • Trevor Faulkner Limestone Research Group, School of Geography, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT

Abstract

The formation of karst caves in Caledonide metamorphic limestones in a repeatedly-glaciated 40000km2 region in cen­tral Scandinavia was initiated by tectonic inception, a process in which open fracture routes, primarily created by deglacial seismicity, provided the opportunity for subsequent dissolution and enlargement into cave passages in both deglacial and inter­glacial environments. The tectonic inception model built on re­ports of a ‘partially detached’ thin upper crustal layer in similar settings in Scotland and this paper shows that the present maxi­mum subsurface cave distance (i.e. the distance of a passage to the nearest land surface) is commonly less than one-eighth of the depth of the local glaciated valley. This suggests that frac­ture generation was related to the scale of isostatic uplift and was partly determined by the magnitude of seismicity caused by the differential pressure change and differential uplift that occurred along valley walls as the ice margin of each of the ma­jor Pleistocene icesheets receded from west to east. The maxi­mum one-eighth relationship is also commonly maintained in other Caledonide marble terranes in Scandinavia, Scotland and New England (USA), suggesting that many of the caves in these areas were formed by similar processes.

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Published
2007-09-01
How to Cite
1.
Faulkner T. The One-eighth Relationship that Constrains Deglacial Seismicity and Cave Development in Caledonide Marbles. AC [Internet]. 2007Sep.1 [cited 2020May25];36(2). Available from: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/carsologica/article/view/187
Section
Original papers