Groundwater Flow in Crystalline Carbonates (Jeseniky Mts., Chech Rep.): Using Stream Thermometry and Groundwater Balance for Catchment Delineation

  • Jan Kukačka Dekonta a.s., Volutová 2523, 158 00 Prague 5 Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Department of Hydrogeology, Engineering Geology and Applied Geophysics, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2
  • Viola Altová Charles University in Prague , Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2
  • Jiří Bruthans Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Department of Hydrogeology, Engineering Geology and Applied Geophysics, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2
  • Ondřej Zeman Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Department of Hydrogeology, Engineering Geology and Applied Geophysics, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2 PROGEO s.r.o., Tiché údolí 113, 252 63 Roztoky

Abstract

Strips of metamorphosed carbonate rocks in a contact-karst area in the Jeseniky Mts, CzechRepublic, act as aquifers, drain­ing broad areas of crystalline rocks, mostly phyllites. Significant groundwater resources that are partly used as a water supply are in carbonate rocks. Detailed temperature and conductivity measurements coupled withdischarge measurements along all streams in the area demonstrate a relatively quick method to lo­cate virtually all important groundwater outflows from carbon­ates. Discharge measurements of streams crossing carbonate strips enabled us to locate and quantify the capacity of ponors and losing parts of streams in various water stages. Thanks to a detailed knowledge of losing and gaining parts of streams, we were able to select appropriate profiles to separate catchments withdiffering hydrologic balances (balanced, gaining, losing). Flow directions in carbonates and recharge and discharge ar­eas were delineated by comparing the specific discharges of individual catchments. Resulting flow directions agree withtracer tests in the area. Our outlined approachcan be used in many other areas to locate hidden inflows into streams and to estimate flow between individual small catchments, and it may partly compensate for tracer tests as it allows flow directions to be estimated from hydrological balance and rock geometry.

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Published
2008-06-01
How to Cite
1.
Kukačka J, Altová V, Bruthans J, Zeman O. Groundwater Flow in Crystalline Carbonates (Jeseniky Mts., Chech Rep.): Using Stream Thermometry and Groundwater Balance for Catchment Delineation. AC [Internet]. 2008Jun.1 [cited 2020May29];37(1). Available from: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/carsologica/article/view/164
Section
Original papers