Syntaxonomical analysis of sandy grassland vegetation dominated by Festuca vaginata and F. pseudovaginata in the Pannonian basin

  • Károly Penksza Szent István University, Institute of Crop Production Sciences, H–2100 Gödöllő, Páter K. u. 1, Hungary
  • Péter Csontos Institute for Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Centre for Agricultural Research H–1022 Budapest, Herman O. út 15, Hungary
  • Gergely Pápay Szent István University, Institute of Crop Production Sciences, H–2100 Gödöllő, Páter K. u. 1, Hungary
Keywords: coenotaxon, Danube-Tisza Interfluve, degraded sandy grassland, diagnostic species

Abstract

Festucetum vaginatae Rapaics ex Soó 1929 em. Borhidi 1996 is a characteristic association of the calcareous sandy areas of the Pannonian basin; its dominant grass species is Festuca vaginata. Another typical species of these sandy areas is the newly discovered F. pseudovaginata. The question is whether F. pseudovaginata forms an independent coenotaxa? Our study proved that F. vaginata and F. pseudovaginata populations grow separately and compose different associations. Stands dominated by F. pseudovaginata had a higher species richness and harboured twice as many Festuca-Brometea species compared to the Festucetum vaginatae stands. Diagnostic species of the Festucetum pseudovaginatae association are Festuca pseudovaginata, Colchicum arenarium, Ephedra distachya, Koeleria majoriflora, and Astragalus onobrychis. The number of species, the density of the individuals, and the variability and diversity of the vegetation separated it from the Festucetum vaginatae association; thus, it can be considered an independent endemic association. Festucetum pseudovaginatae has its own differentiating and dominant species: Carex stenophylla, Cynodon dactylon, Eryngium campestre, Kochia laniflora.

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Published
2020-12-03
How to Cite
PenkszaK., CsontosP. and PápayG. (2020) “Syntaxonomical analysis of sandy grassland vegetation dominated by Festuca vaginata and F. pseudovaginata in the Pannonian basin”, Hacquetia, 20(1), pp. 217–224. Available at: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/9374 (Accessed: 4March2021).
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Articles