Comparative assessment of Western Podolia meadow steppes (Ukraine) based on the synphytoindication method

  • Henadii M. Lysenko Gogol State University of Nizhyn, 2, Kropyvyansky St., Nizhyn, Chernigiv Region, 16600, Ukraine
  • Ivan M. Danylyk Institute of Ecology of the Carpathians N.A.S. of Ukraine, 4, Kozelnytska St., L’viv 79026, Ukraine
  • Svitlana M. Iemelianova M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany N.A.S. of Ukraine, 2, Tereshchenkivska St., Kyiv, 01004, Ukraine
  • Liubov M. Borsukevych Botanical Garden of Ivan Franco National University of L’viv, 44, M. Cheremshyny St., L’viv, 79014, Ukraine
  • Svitlana V. Sosnovska Institute of Ecology of the Carpathians N.A.S. of Ukraine, 4, Kozelnytska St., L’viv 79026, Ukraine
Keywords: climatic and edaphic factors, meadow steppes, ordination, Podolia Upland, phytoindication scales, syntaxonomy, TWINSPAN, vegetation

Abstract

The steppe vegetation of the meadow steppes of Western Podolia, Ukraine, belongs to the extrazonal type, and its distribution is mainly determined by edaphic, namely geological and geomorphological, factors rather than climatic ones. The aim of our study is to establish the determinant ecological factors that have the greatest differential impact on the distribution of meadow steppe plant communities of Western Podolia on the base of a synphytoindication analysis. There were 8 study sites within the study area in the L’viv and Ivano-Frankivsk regions. To determine the coenotic affinity of the studied species, 48 relevés were analysed. Numerical classification based on the Modified TWINSPAN algorithm divided the dataset into five clusters, which have been identified as the associations Pastinaco sativae-Arrhenatheretum elatioris, Geranio sanguinei-Trifolietum alpestris, Inuletum ensifoliae, Jurineo calcareae-Stipetum capillatae and Lembotropio nigricans-Potentilletum arenariae. Ecological features of the communities were analysed by means of a DCA ordination and phytoindication assessment. The results of gradient analyses indicate that the distribution of meadow steppe communities in the Podolia Upland closely correlates with a number of climatic (thermoregime and continentality of climate) and especially edaphic (soil humidity, soil acidity and carbonate content) ecological factors.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Boiko, M. P. 1962: Vegetation of Pidliska Mountain near Pidlissia village of Olesko district, Lviv region. Ukrainian Botanical Journal 19 (5): 68–72 [in Ukrainian].

Braun-Blanquet, J. 1964: Pflanzensoziologie. Grundzuge der Vegetationskunde. 3 Aufl. Springer-Verlag, Wien-New York, 865 pp.

Cherepanov, S. K. 1995: Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states. Mir i Semia, St. Petersburg, 992 pp. [in Russian].

Chytrý, M., Tichý, L., Holt, J. & Botta-Dukát, Z. 2002: Determination of diagnostic species with statistical fidelity measures. Journal of Vegetation Science 13: 79–90.

Didukh, Y. P. (ed.) 2009: Red Data Book of Ukraine. Plant Kingdom. Globalconsalting, Kyiv, 912 pp. [in Ukrainian].

Didukh, Y. P. 2011: The ecological scales for the species of Ukrainian flora and their use in synphytoindication. Phytosociocentre, Kyiv, 176 pp. [in Ukrainian].

Didukh, Y. & Korotchenko, I. 2003: Xerothermic vegetation of northwestern Podolia. Visnyk of L’viv University, Biological Series 34: 82–91 [in Ukrainian].

Didukh, Y. P. & Plyuta, P. G. 1994: The phytoindication of ecological factors. Naukova dumka, Kyiv, 279 pp. [in Ukrainian].

Didukh, Y., Chusova, O. & Demina, O. 2018: Syntaxonomy of chalk outcrop vegetation of the order Thymo cretacei-Hyssopetalia cretacei. Hacquetia 17: 85–109.

Fijałkowski, D. 1991: Zespoly roślinne Lubelszczyzny, Lublin, 330 pp.

Hennekens, S. M. & Schaminée, J. H. J. 2001: TURBOVEG, a comprehensive data base management system for vegetation data. Journal of Vegetation Science 12: 589–591.

Kagalo, A. A., Zagulskij, N. N., Zelenchuk, A. T. & Sytschak, N. N. 2004: Vascular plants of State Nature Reserve “Lysa mountain and Sypukha mountain” at Zolochiv district Lviv region. Scientific Principles of Biodiversity Conservation 6: 66–81 [in Ukrainian with English summary].

Kajtoch Ł., Cieślak, E., Varga, Z., Paul, W., Mazur, M., Sramkó G. & Kubisz, D. 2016: Phylogeographic patterns of steppe species in Eastern Central Europe: a review and the implications for conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation 25(12): 2309–2339.

Korotchenko, I. A. & Peregrym, M. M. 2012: Ukrainian steppes in the past, at present and in the future. In: Werger, M J.A. & van Staalduinen, M.A. (eds.): Eurasian Steppes. Ecological Problems and Livelihoods in a Changing World. Springer Netherlands, pp. 173–196.

Kukovytsia, G. S. 1970: The largest area of the feather grass steppe in Podolia. Ukrainian Botanical Journal 27(1): 111–113 [in Ukrainian].

Kukovytsia, G. S. 1984: Steppe vegetation of Western Podolia and its protection. Abstract of thesis of the PhD. degree of biological sciences. Kyiv, 16 pp. [in Russian].

Kuzemko, A. A., Becker, T., Didukh, Y.P., Ardelean, I. V., Becker, U., Beldean, M., Dolnik, C., Jeschke, M., Naqinezhad, A., Uğurlu, E., Ünal, A., Vassilev, K., Vorona, E. I., Yavorska, O.H. & Dengler, J. 2014: Dry grassland vegetation of Central Podolia (Ukraine) – a preliminary overview of its syntaxonomy, ecology and biodiversity. Tuexenia 34: 391–430.

Kuzemko, A., Steinbauer, M. J., Becker, T., Didukh, Y. P., Dolnik, C., Jeschke, M., Naqinezhad, A., Uğurlu, E., Vassilev, K. & Dengler, J. 2016: Patterns and drivers of phytodiversity in steppe grasslands of Central Podolia (Ukraine). Biodiversity and Conservation 25(12): 2233–2250.

Lavrenko, E. M. 2000: Steppes of the USSR. In: Selected works. Saint Petersburg University publishers, Saint Petersburg, pp. 11–222. [in Russian].

Lysenko, H. M. 1992a: Influence of use modes on hydrothermal and edaphic factors of “Mykhailivska Tsilyna” steppe ecosystems (Sumy region). Ukrainian Botanical Journal 49(1): 22–27. [in Ukrainian].

Lysenko, H. M. 1992b: Phytoindication assessment of the leading ecological factors of the Khomutovskyi Steppe. Ukrainian Botanical Journal 49(5): 50–54. [in Ukrainian].

Lysenko, H. M. 1998: Phytoindication assessment of ecological regimes of steppe ecosystems of Nature Reserve “Kamennyie Mohyly (Stone Graves)”. Proceedings of the Ukrainian Steppe Nature Reserve “Kamennyie Mohyly” 1 (anniversary collection): 48–53. [in Russian].

Lysenko, H. M. 2004a: Phytoindication assessment of the basic formation of “Striltsivskyi Steppe” by hydrothermal factor. In: Pachoskyi, Y. K. & Boiko, M. F. (eds.): Modern Botany. Ailant, Kherson, pp. 224–227. [in Ukrainian].

Lysenko, H. M. 2004b: Synphytoindication of the nitrogen regime of the “Striltsivskyi Steppe” ecotopes (Luhansk region). In: Savin V. V. (ed.): Bulletin of the Zaporizhzhia State University: Collection of scientific articles. Biological Sciences. Zaporizhzhia State University, Zaporizhzhia, pp. 122–124. [in Ukrainian].

Lysenko, H. 2005: Comparative phytoindication assessment of the basic formations of “Mykhailivska Tsilyna” and “Striltsivskyi Steppe”. Collection of scientific works of the Poltava State Pedagogical University named after V.G. Korolenko. Series “Ecology. Biological Sciences” 4 (43): 112–118. [in Ukrainian].

Lysenko, H. M. 2007a: Comparative phytoindication assessment of forest and meadow-steppe ecotopes of the Cossack area of the Central-Chernozem Reserve. Bulletin of the Kharkiv National University named after V.N. Karazin. Series: Biology 5 (768): 99–105. [in Russian].

Lysenko, H. M. 2007b: Dynamics of ecotope characteristics of “Yamskyi Steppe” (“Belogorie” Nature Reserve, Russia). Problems of ecology and nature protection of technogenic region: Interagency collection of scientific works 7: 44–51. [in Russian].

Mądalski, J. 1936: O wskrzeszeniu “Pamiątki Pieniackiej” w okolicach Złoczowa. Ochrona Przyrody 16: 96–101.

Melnik, V. I. 1993: Extrazonal steppe vegetation of Volyn Upland and its botanical and geografical links with meadow steppes of Western and Eastern Europe. Botanical Journal 78(2): 28–38. [in Russian].

Melnik, V. I. 2001: The meadow steppes of the Ukrainian forest-steppe. Phytogeographic essay. News of Biosphere reserve “Askania Nova” 3: 7–17. [in Ukrainian with English summary].

Motyka, J. 1936: Notatki florystyczne z okolic Łysej Góry koło Złoczowa. Kosmos, XLI, ser. A: 213–224. [in Polish].

Motyka, J. & Kulczyński, S. 1936: Zespoly lesne i stepowe w okolicach łysej Góry koło Złoczowa. Kosmos, XLI, ser. A: 187–212. [in Polish].

Mucina, L., Bültmann, H., Dierßen, K., Theurillat, J.-P., Raus, T., Čarni, A., Šumberová, K., Willner, W., Dengler, J., Gavilán, R., Chytrý, M., Hájek, M., Di Pietro, R., Iakushenko, D., Pallas, J., Daniëls, F. J. A., Bergmeier, E., Santos, A., Ermakov, N., Valachovič, M., Schaminée, J. H. J., Lysenko, T., Didukh, Y. P., Pignatti, S., Rodwell, J. S., Capelo, J., Weber, H. E., Solomeshch, A., Dimopoulos, P., Aguiar, C., Hennekens, S. M. & Tichý, L. 2016: Vegetation of Europe: Hierarchical floristic classification system of vascular plant, bryophyte, lichen, and algal communities. Applied Vegetation Science 19(1): 3–264.

Roleček, J., Tichý, L., Zelený, D. & Chytrý, M. 2009: Modified TWINSPAN classification in which the hierarchy respects cluster heterogeneity. Journal of Vegetation Science 20: 596–602.

Sakalo, D. I. 1955: On calcephilic nature of steppe flora of European part of the SRSR. Botanical Journal of the URSR 12(2): 83–87 [in Ukrainian].

Sheliag-Sosonko, Y. R., Didukh, Y. P., Yeriomenko, L. P. & Kukovytsia, G. S. 1980a: Map of the Lysa mountain vegetation (Lviv region). Ukrainian Botanical Journal 37(1): 59–64. [in Ukrainian].

Sheliag-Sosonko, Y. R., Osychniuk, V. V. & Andrienko, T. L. 1980b: Geography of vegetation cover of Ukraine. Naukova dumka, Kyiv, 288 pp. [in Russian].

Sheliag-Sosonko, Y. R., Zhyzhyn, M. P. & Kukovytsia, G. S. 1975: Steppe vegetation of Lviv region. Ukrainian Botanical Journal 32(5): 630–633. [in Ukrainian].

Tichý, L. 2002: JUICE, software for vegetation classification. Journal of Vegetation Science 13: 451–453.

Tkachenko, V. S. 2006: Ecotopic differentiation of protected steppes of Ukraine according to synphytoindication data. News of the Biosphere Reserve “Askania-Nova” 8: 5–14. [in Ukrainian with English summary].

Török, P., Janišová, M., Kuzemko, A., Rūsiņa, S. & Stevanović, Z. 2018: Grasslands, their threats and management in Eastern Europe. In: Squires, V. R., Dengler, J., Hua, L. & Feng, H. (eds.): Grasslands of the World: Diversity, Management and Conservation. CRC Press, Boca Raton, 64–88.

Willner, W., Kuzemko, A., Dengler, J., Chytrý, M., Bauer, N., Becker, T., Biţă-Nicolae, C., Botta-Dukát, Z., Čarni, A., Csiky, J., Igić, R., Kącki, Z., Korotchenko, I., Kropf, M., Krstivojević-Ćuk, M., Krstonošić, D., Rédei, T., Ruprecht, E., Schratt-Ehrendorfer, L., Semenishchenkov, Y., Stančić, Z., Vashenyak, Y., Vynokurov, D. & Janišová, M. 2017: A higher-level classification of the Pannonian and western Pontic steppe grasslands (Central and Eastern Europe). Applied Vegetation Science 20(1): 143–158.

Willner, W., Roleček, J., Korolyuk, A., Dengler, J., Chytrý, M., Janišová, M., Lengyel, A., Aćić, S., Becker, T., Ćuk, M., Demina, O., Jandt, U., Kącki, Z., Kuzemko A., Kropf, M., Lebedeva, M., Semenishchenkov, Y., Šilc, U., Stančić, Z., Staudinger, M., Vassilev, K. & Yamalov, S. 2019: Formalized classification of semi-dry grasslands in central and eastern Europe. Preslia 91: 25–49.

Zaverukha, B. V. 1985: Flora of Volyno-Podolii and its geneses. Naukova dumka, Kyiv, 192 pp. [in Russian].

Published
2020-07-31
How to Cite
LysenkoH. M., DanylykI. M., IemelianovaS. M., BorsukevychL. M. and SosnovskaS. V. (2020) “Comparative assessment of Western Podolia meadow steppes (Ukraine) based on the synphytoindication method”, Hacquetia, 20(1), pp. 197–216. Available at: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/8842 (Accessed: 8May2021).
Section
Articles