First confirmed record of Elodea canadensis Michx. (Hydrocharitaceae) in Greece


  • Georgios Poulis
  • Dimitrios Zervas


Elodea canadensis, Hydrocharitaceae, aquatic macrophytes, invasive plants, Lake Great Prespa, Greece


The paper confrms the presence of Elodea canadensis Michx. in Greece and
outlines the history of contradictory relevant reports. Tis is also the frst report of
the species’ presence in the transboundary lake Great Prespa.


Download data is not yet available.


Arianoutsou, M., Bazos, I., Delipetrou, P. & Kokkoris, Y. 2010: The alien flora of Greece: taxonomy, life traits and habitat preferences. Biological Invasions 12(10): 3525–3549. DOI 10.1007/s10530-010-9749-0.

Boliotis, D., 1984: I fsiki chlorida tis Elladas. Zizaniologia 1(3): 193–200 [In Greek].

Brandrud, T.E. & Mjelde, M. 1999. Canadian pondweed (Elodea canadensis). Effects on biodiversity. Spreading patterns and measures. Norwegian Institute for Water Research, 48 pp. [In Norwegian].

Bubanja, N. & Stefanovic, V. 2013: Elodea canadensis Michx. New species of flora in Montenegro. Natura Montenegrina 12(1): 7–12.

CABI 2016: Elodea canadensis [original text by Hugh Dawson]. In: Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. [Accessed: 26 April 2016].

Casper, S.J. & Krausch, H.D. 1980: Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Band 23: Pteridophyta und Anthophyta. 1. Teil: Lycopodiaceae bis

Orchidaceae. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, New York, pp 403.

Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. 1972: Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Southwestern United States. Volume 1. U.S. Government Printing Ofce, Washington, pp 857–1338.

Crow, G.E. & Hellquist, C.B. 2000: Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Northeastern North America. Volume 2. Angiosperms:

Monocotyledons. Te University of Wisconsin Press, Wisconsin, pp 400.

DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway 2008: Elodea canadensis. Available from: [Accessed: 16 March 2016].

Dandy, J.E. 1980: Elodea. In: Tutin, T.G., Heywood, V.H., Burges, N.A., Moore, D.M., Valentine, D.H., Walters, S.M. & Webb, D.A. 1980. Flora Europaea. Volume 5. Alismataceae to Orchidaceae (Monocotyledones). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 4–5.

Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A. & Tzanoudakis, D. 2013: Vascular plants of Greece: An annotated checklist. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic Botanical Society, Athens, pp 372.

EC. 2000: Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for the Community action in the feld of water policy. Ofcial Journal of the European Communities L 1–72. 22. 12. 2000.

Euro+Med, 2006-: Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Published on the Internet [Accessed: 16 March 2016].

Hussner, A. 2012: Alien aquatic plant species in European countries. Weed Research 52: 297–306.

Imeri, A., Mullaj, A., Gjeta, E., Kalanjnxhiu, A., Kupe, L., Shehu, J. & Dodona, E. 2010: Preliminary results from the study of the Flora and Vegetation of Ohrid Lake. Natura Montenegrina 9(3): 253–264.

Josefsson, M. 2011: NOBANIS. Invasive species Fact sheet. – Elodea canadensis, Elodea nutallii and Elodea callitrichoides – From Online Database of the European Network on Invasive Alien Species –

NOBANIS [Accessed: 16 March 2016].

Kolada, A., Hellsten, S., Kanninen, A., Søndergaard, M., Dudley, B., Nõges, P., Ott, I., Ecke, F., Mjelde, M., Bertrin, V., Davidson, T. & Duel, H. 2009: Deliverable D3.2-1: Overview and comparison of macrophyte survey methods used in European countries and a proposal of harmonized common sampling protocol to be used for WISER uncertainty exercise including a relevant common species

list. Available online at [Accessed: 26 April 2016].

OECD 1982: Eutrophication of waters: monitoring, assessment and control. Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development. Paris, pp 154.

Pavlides, A. 1985: Geobotaniki meleti tou Ethnikou Drimou ton Prespon Florinis. Meros A: Oikologia, chlorida, phitogeographia, vlastisi. 308 pp. [In Greek].

Pavlides, A. 1997: Aquatic and terrestrial vegetation of the Prespa area. Hydrobiologia 351:(1) 41–60.

Popovska, C. & Bonacci O. 2007: Basic data on the hydrology of Lakes Ohrid and Prespa. Hydrological Processes 21: 658–664.

Sarika, M, 2005: Idrovia kai igrofli chlorida tis Elladas. Vivliografki episkopisi kai prosthiki neon stichion. In: Proceedings of the 10th Conference of Hellenic Botanical Society 5-8 May, Ioannina: 549–559 [In Greek].

Simpson, D.A. 1984: A short history on the introduction and spread of Elodea Michx. in the British Isles. Watsonia 15: 1–9.

Simpson, D.A. 1986: Taxonomy of Elodea Michx. in the British Isles. Watsonia 16: 1–14.

Solimni, A.G., Cardoso, A.C. & Heiskanen, A.S., 2006: Indicators and methods for the ecological status assessment under the Water Framework Directive. Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Luxembourg, pp 252.

Spicer, K.W. & Catling, P.M. 1988: Te biology of Canadian weeds. 88. Elodea canadensis Michx. Canadian Journal of Plant Sciences 68: 1035–1051.

Talevska, M., Petrovic, D., Milosevic, D., Talevski, T., Maric, D. & Talevska, A. 2009: Biodiversity of macrophyte vegetation from Lake Prespa, Lake Ohrid and Lake Skadar. Biotechnology and Biotechnological Equipment 23: sup1, 931–935. DOI: 10.1080/13102818.2009.10818575.

Zenetos, A., Pancucci-Papadopoulou, M.A., Zogaris, S., Papastergiadou, E., Vardakas, L., Aligizaki, K. & Economou, A.N. 2009: Aquatic alien species in Greece (2009): tracking sources, patterns and effects on the ecosystem. Journal of Biological Research -Tessaloniki 12: 135–172.




How to Cite

Poulis, G., & Zervas, D. (2018). First confirmed record of Elodea canadensis Michx. (Hydrocharitaceae) in Greece. Hacquetia, 16(2). Retrieved from