A phytosociological analysis of the Quercus coccifera L. stands in south Albania (NE Mediterranean)


  • Nenad Jasprica Institute for Marine and Coastal Research, University of Dubrovnik, P.O. Box 83, HR-20000 Dubrovnik, Croatia
  • Željko Škvorc Faculty of Forestry, University of Zagreb, Svetošimunska 25, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia
  • Milenko Milović “Antun Vrančić” Grammar School, Put Gimnazije 64, HR-22000 Šibenik, Croatia


Phytosociology, syntaxonomy, Quercus coccifera, Quercetea ilicis, eastern Adriatic, Ionian coast.


The results of a phytosociological investigation of the Quercus coccifera L. stands occurring along the Adriatic and Ionian coasts in south Albania are given. The surveyed stands are localized in the Thermo-Mediterranean and Meso-Mediterranean belts. On the basis of literature and unpublished data, Q. coccifera stands extend from the shoreline up to 680 m of altitude, within the Quercetea ilicis vegetation zone. According to numerical analysis, Q. coccifera stands in south Albania can be divided into two broad groups forming macchia of 3–4 m height and low shrublands [0.5–1.5(-2) m)] defined primarily by degree of human pressure and altitudes. In addition, relevés from Q. coccifera stands in Albania were differentiated from Croatian and Montenegrin the Fraxino orni-Quercetum cocciferae associations. Conversely, Q. coccifera stands in south Albania share several biological and ecological similarities with those of the eastern Adriatic coast: hemicryptophytes prevailed and the chorological spectrum highlights a clear dominance of the steno-Mediterraneans. With respect to indicator values, an important differentiation from the eastern Adriatic associations was shown only in higher light intensity of the stands in Albania.


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How to Cite

Jasprica, N., Škvorc, Željko, & Milović, M. (2016). A phytosociological analysis of the Quercus coccifera L. stands in south Albania (NE Mediterranean). Hacquetia, 15(1). Retrieved from https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/4266