Diversity of Epipactis palustris (L.) Crantz (Orchidaceae) pollinators and visitors in conditions of Kyiv city (Ukraine)


  • Alla Gnatiuk M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Gardenоf NAS of Ukrainе, Ukraine
  • Mykola Gaponenko M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden оf National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • Ganna Honchar Institute for Evolutionary Ecology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • Andrew Gaponenko National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine


Orchidaceae, Epipactis, pollinators, Kyiv, plant visitors, Ukraine


Epipactis palustris (L.) Crantz is a protected species in Ukraine. In order to organize optimal protection measures comprehensive studies of various aspects of its biology are necessary. The aim of this study was to determine the pollinators and visitors of E. рalustris. A studies was conducted in Kyiv city (Ukraine) between 2020 and 2022. The research focused on arthropod visitors in two human-made populations. 31 families of 48 genera from 9 arthropod orders were identified and established. Hymenoptera, Coleoptera and Diptera were represented by the greatest number of species. Еvaluation of visitor activity show that Hymenoptera were the most frequent visitors. A vital role in E. palustris pollination plays Halictidae, Apidae and Coccinellidae. It was found that populations of E. palustris in the conditions of the Kyiv city form a unique self-regulating biocenosis that provides shelter and food for 53 identified species of arthropods. E. palustris in the conditions of Kyiv is mainly characterized by entomophily. The behavior of some insects indirectly indicates chemical mimicry for the attraction of pollinating insects and predatory insects for biological protection against pests.


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Author Biographies

Alla Gnatiuk, M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Gardenоf NAS of Ukrainе, Ukraine

PhD, natural flora department, senior researcher

Mykola Gaponenko, M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden оf National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Ukraine

Ph.D, natural flora department, senior researcher

Andrew Gaponenko, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine

Faculty of Plant Protection, Biotechnology and Ecology, student


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2023-02-23 — Updated on 2023-06-26


How to Cite

Gnatiuk, A., Gaponenko, M., Honchar, G., & Gaponenko, A. (2023). Diversity of Epipactis palustris (L.) Crantz (Orchidaceae) pollinators and visitors in conditions of Kyiv city (Ukraine). Hacquetia, 22(2), 247–262. Retrieved from https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/11140 (Original work published February 23, 2023)