Features of development of species of the genus Veronica L. in the conditions of steppe zone of Ukraine

Authors

  • Tetiana Chypyliak Kryvyi Rih Botanical Garden of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine
  • Olha Zubrovska Kryvyi Rih Botanical Garden of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine

Keywords:

species of the genus VeronicaL., climatic changes, Steppe of Ukraine, phenological development, leaf morphology, assemblage of rootlets

Abstract

The paper deals with peculiar features of development of the species Veronica austriaca ssp. teucrium L., V. incana L. and V. prostrata L. in the conditions of the steppe zone of Ukraine (central part of the country). Under the action of climatic changes occurring for the last 20 years, the species began to grow 6-14 days earlier and increased the vegetation period by 15-25 days. Flowering started at the usual time (late May too early June) and its duration changed only in V. prostrata (with the increase by almost 10 days). Under the effect of extreme growing conditions (hot weather and drought), phenotypic changes of parameters of the leaf blade were determined. Decrease in the area of the leaf blade by almost 2 times was recorded in V. prostrata and V. incana, whereas in V. austriaca ssp. teucrium it did not change significantly. Length and width of the leaf in V. prostrata and V. incana decreased by 20-30%, but in V. austriaca ssp. teucrium a decrease was observed for the leaf width only while its length increased by 17%. Analysis of correlation of climatic factors (air temperature, precipitation amount) to the morphometric parameters of the leaf during seasonal development showed greater dependence of their value on the air temperature, which was confirmed by the inverse correlation coefficients (r = -0.55–-0.66). In the unfavorable growing conditions, the features of formation of the underground part of species are manifested in the inhibited development of underground shoots (by 80-85%) and stimulation of branching and increase in the length of thin sucking roots (1.5 times). Studied species of the genus Veronica in the climatic conditions of the steppe zone of Ukraine go through all stages of phenological development and are marked by rather wide range of phenotypic changes in the vegetative sphere. The findings can be used for the development of techniques of growing and reproduction of veronicas in the arid conditions of cultivation.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aleksandrova, M.S., Bulygin, N.Ye., Voroshilov, V.N., Karpisonova, R.A., Plotnikova, L.S., Frolova, L.A., & Shkutko, N.V. (1975). Methods of phenological observations in the botanical gardens of the USSR. State Botanical Garden of the USSR Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Anjum, S.A., Xie, X.-Y., Wang, L.-C., Saleem, M.F., Man, Ch., & Lei, W. (2011). Morphological, physiological and biochemical responses of plants to drought stress. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(9), 2026–2032. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR10.027

Bahuguna, R.N. & Jagadish, K.S.V. (2015). Temperature regulation of plant phenological development. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 111, 83–90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2014.10.007.

Bano, Ch., Amist, N. & Singh, N.B. (2019). Morphological and Anatomical Modifications of Plants for Environmental Stresses. In Roychoudhury, A. & Tripathi, D. (eds.), Molecular Plant Abiotic Stress: Biology and Biotechnology (pp. 29–45). John Wiley & Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119463665.ch2

Bramwell, D. (2008, June 29–July 4). Plant adaptation and climate change [Conference presentation abstract]. 2nd World Scientific Congress Challenges in Botanical Research and Climate Change, Delft, The Netherlands.

Bubenchikova, V. N. & Kondratova, Yu. A. (2010). Plants of the genus Veronica. GOU VPO KSMU Roszdrav. [in Russian]

Bulakh, P. E. (2005). Phenological criteria of stability in introduction of plants. Plant introduction, 4, 9–19. [in Russian with English summary]

Chipilyak, T. F., Mazura, M. Yu, Bereslavskaya, E. A., & Leshcheniuk, E. N. (2014). Flower Design of Parks and Squares in Krivoy Rog: Status, Problems and Recommendations for Improvement. Scientific Bulletin of UNFU, 24(4), 164–169. [in Ukrainian with English summary]

De Micco, V. & Aronne, G. (2012). Morpho-Anatomical Traits for Plant Adaptation to Drought. In Aroca, R. (eds.), Plant Responses to Drought Stress (pp. 37–61). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-32653-0_2

Denisik, H. I. (2005). Kryvbas is a unique landfill for studying the industrial landscapes of Ukraine. Theoretical, regional, applied directions of development of anthropogenic geography and landscape science [Conference presentation abstract]. II International Science Conference, Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

Didukh, Y. P. (Ed.) (2000). Ecoflora of Ukraine. Phytosociological Center. [in Ukrainian]

Didukh, Y. P. (2009). Ecological aspects of the global climate changes: reasons, consequences and actions. News of Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, 2: 34–44. [in Ukrainian with English summary]

El-Sahhar, K. F., Nassar, D. M., & Farag, H. M. (2011). Morphological and Anatomical Studies of Santolina chamaecyparissus L. (Asteraceae) Ii. Anatomical Characteristics and Volatile Oil. Research Journal of Agriculture & Biological Sciences, 7(6), 413–422.

Esau, K. (1980). Anatomy of seed plants (Book 2). Publishing house "Mir". [in Russian]

Fedorov, A .A., Kirpichnikov, M. E. & Artyushenko, Z. T. (1962). Atlas of Descriptive Morphology of Higher Plants. Stem and root. Publishing house of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. [in Russian]

Franklin, K. A. (2009). Light and temperature signal crosstalk in plant development. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 12(1), 63–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbi.2008.09.007

Garofalo, P., Ventrella, D., Kersebaum, K.C., Gobin, A., Trnka, M., Giglio, L., Dubrovský, M., & Castellini, M. (2019). Water footprint of winter wheat under climate change: trends and uncertainties associated to the ensemble of crop models. Science of the Total Environment, 658, 1186–1208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.279

Gorlacheva, Z. S. (2010). Anatomic-morphological leaf structure of different Monarda × hybrida Hort. Models. Industrial botany, 10, 148–151. [in Russian]

Gray, S. B. & Brady, S. M. (2016). Plant developmental responses to climate change. Developmental Biology, 419, 64–77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ydbio.2016.07.023

Grodzinsky, D. M. (2013). Adaptive strategy of plant physiological processes. Naukova Dumka. [in Ukrainian]

Gusev, N. F. (2010). Biological features and prospects for the use of plants of the genus Veronica L. (family Scrophulariaceae Juss.) of the Forest-steppe and Steppe Cis-Urals. [Abstract of thesis for the scientific degree of Candidate in Biological Sciences, Orenburg State Pedagogical University https://studfile.net/preview/8077794/page:2/ [in Russian].

Hatfield, J. L., Boote, K. J., Kimball, B. A., Ziska, L. H., Izaurralde, R. C., Ort, D., Thomson, A. M., & Wolfe, D. (2011). Climate impacts on agriculture: implications for crop production. Agronomy Journal, 103(2), 351–370. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2010.0303.

Havens, K. H. (2008, June 29–July 4). Plant responses to climate change: phenology, adaptation, migration [Conference presentation abstract]. 2nd World Scientific Congress Challenges in Botanical Research and Climate Change, Delft, The Netherlands.

Hrytsyna, M. R. (2016). Structure life forms of the species of the family Plantaginaceae. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series "Agricultural sciences", 18(2), 66–69. https://doi.org/10.15421/nvlvet6715 [in Ukrainian with English summary]

Kaplan, A. R., Hasanoglu, A., & Ince, I. A. (2007). Morphological, Anatomical and Palynological Properties of Some Turkish Veronica L. Species (Scrphulariaceae). International Journal of Botany, 3(1), 23–32. https://doi.org/10.3923/ijb.2007.23.32

Kazakov, V. L., Paranko, I. S., Smetana, M. G. et al. (2005). Natural geography of Kryvbas. KDPU. [In Ukrainian]

Kоrdium, Е. L., Sytnik, K. M., Bаrаnеnkо, V. V., Bеliavskаia, N. А., & Klimchuk, D. А. (2003). Cellular mechanisms of plant adaptation to the adverse effects of environmental factors in natural conditions. Naukova dumka. [in Russian]

Korotchenko, I. A., Mala, Yu. I., & Fitsaylo, T. V. (2009). Syntaxonomy of steppe vegetation of the extreme North of Steppe of Right Bank Dnieper Region of the Ukraine. Biological Systems, 1(1), 73–84. [in Ukrainian with English summary]

Kоshkin, Е. I. (2010). Physiology of crop sustainability. Drofa. [in Russian]

Krasnov, V. P., Orlov, O. O., & Vedmidʹ, M. M. (2009).: Atlas of indicator plants and types of forest vegetation conditions of Ukrainian Polissya: [monograph]. NOVOgrad. [in Ukrainian]

Krokhmal, I. I. (2014). Anatomical and physiological features of Campanula glomerata L. Chornomors’ki Botanical Journal, 10(2), 167–178. https://doi.org/10.14255/2308-9628/14.102/2 [in Ukrainian with English summary].

Kuzemko, A. A., Didukh, Ya. P., Onyshchenko, V. A., & Sheffer Ya. (eds.) (2018). National habitat catalogue of Ukraine. Private individual Klimenko Yu.Ya. [in Ukrainian]

Leshcheniuk, E. N. & Chipilyak, T. F. (2020). Morpho-anatomical adaptation of the leaves of certain Veronica species to arid conditions. Plant Introduction 87/88, 47–53. https://doi.org/10.46341/PI2020023

Lykholat, Y. V., Khromykh, N. О., Didur, О. О., Okovytyy, S. І., Matyukha, V. L., Savosko, V. M., & Lykholat, Т. Y. (2019). The current state of anthropogenic transformation of the steppe Dnieper’ ecosystems. Publishing house Cherniavskyi D. [in Ukrainian]

Marchyshyn, S. М., Sira, L. М., & Milian, I. I. (2015). Morphological and anatomical structure of Veronica prostrata (Veronica prostrata L.). Ukrainian Biopharmaceutical Journal, 3(38), 78–82. [in Ukrainian]

Nedukha, O. M. (2015). Plant cell wall and environment. Alterpress. [in Ukrainian]

Nestrogayeva, Е. N. (2011). Genus Veronica L. Scrophulariaceae Juss. in the flora of the Russian Caucasus and its analysis. [Abstract of thesis for the scientific degree of Candidate in Biological Sciences, Stavropol State University]. [in Russian]

Prykhodko, М. М. (2013). Ecological safety of natural and anthropogenically modified geosystems: monograph. Center for Environmental Education and Information. [in Ukrainian]

Prylutsʹkyy, Yu. I., Ilʹchenko, O. V., Tsymbalyuk, O. V., & Kosterin, S. O. (2017). Statistical methods in biology: textbook. Naukova Dumka. [in Ukrainian]

Raunkiaer, C. 1907: Planterigets Livsformes of deres Betydning for Geografies. Nordiskforlag, Kobenhavn, 132 рp.

Shao, H.-B., Chu, L.-Ye, Jaleel, Ch. A., & Zhao Ch.-X. (2008). Water-deficit stress-induced anatomical changes in higher plants. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 331, 215–225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crvi.2008.01.002

Shvets, I.V. (2013). Composition and distribution of species of the genus Veronica (Veronica L.) in Kyiv and Kyiv region. Scientific Bulletin of the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine. Series: Biology, Biotechnology, Ecology, 193, 38–44. [in Ukrainian with English summary]

Sjöman, H., Bellan, P., Hitchmough, J., & Oprea A. (2015). Herbaceous plants for climate adaptation and intensely developed urban sites in Northern Europe: a case study from the Eastern Romanian Steppe. Ekológia (Bratislava), 34(1), 39–53. https://doi.org/10.1515/eko-2015-0005

Solomko, O. B., Klochkova, O. S. & Tsvetkov, G. V. (2011). Method for determining the area of leaves. Retrieved January 7, 2020, from http://agrosbornik.ru/innovacii1/106-2011-10-09-15-29-31.html [in Russian]

Takhtadzhyan, А. L. (1978). Floristic areas of the Earth. Science. [in Russian]

Verslues, P. E., Agarwal, M., Katiyar-Agarwal, S., Zhu, J., & Zhu J.-K. (2006). Methods and concepts in quantifying resistance to drought, salt and freezing, abiotic stresses that affect plant water status. The Plant Journal, 45(4), 523–539. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2005.02593.x

Voitiuk, Yu. O., Kucheryava, L. V., Badanina, V. A., & Brayon, O.V. (1998). Plant morphology with basics of anatomy and cytoembryology. Phytosocial center. [in Ukrainian]

Wahid, A., Gelani, S., Ashraf, M., & Foolad, M. R. (2007). Heat tolerance in plants: an overview. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 61, 199–223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2007.05.011

Wang, J.-Ch., Pan, B.-R., & Albach, D. C. (2016). Evolution of morphological and climatic adaptations in Veronica L. (Plantaginaceae). Peer J – Life & Environment, 4, e2333. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2333

Raspisaniye Pogodi Ltd. (2018, May 24). Reliable Prognosis. http://rp5.ua.

Yegorshyn, O. O. & Lisovyi, M. V. (2005). Mathematical planning of field experiments and statistical processing of experimental data. Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry O.N. Sokolovsky. [in Ukrainian]

Yeremeiev, V. & Yefimov, V. (2003). Regional aspects of global climate change. News of Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, 2, 24–28. [in Ukrainian].

Zamski, E., Orna, Ucko, & Koller, D. (1983). The mechanism of root contraction in Gymnarrhena micranatha, a desert plant. New Phytologist, 95(1), 29–35. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1983.tb03465.x

Downloads

Published

2021-12-01

How to Cite

Chypyliak, T. and Zubrovska, O. (2021) “Features of development of species of the genus Veronica L. in the conditions of steppe zone of Ukraine”, Hacquetia, 21(1), pp. 223–233. Available at: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/10246 (Accessed: 28 May 2022).

Issue

Section

Articles