Sir Gawain in Zeleni vitez: ne ravno viteška ljubezenska zgodba

Mladen M. Jakovljević, Vladislava S. Gordić Petković

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/pkn.v42.i3.12

Povzetek

Angleška srednjeveška ljubezenska pesnitev Sir Gawain in Zeleni vitez je edinstvena ne le po obliki, vsebini in zgradbi, temveč tudi po pesnikovi spretni rabi konvencij, v kateri se poigrava z bralčevimi pričakovanji tako, da uvaja prvine, ki naredijo pesnitev čudovito dvoumno in jo umeščajo v področje, kjer se – nejasno razmejeni – prekrivata realnost in fikcija. Čeprav pesnitev na prvi pogled slavi moč in čistost kavalirstva in viteštva, ju v resnici podvrže subtilni kritiki in komentiranju njunega neuspeha v resničnem življenju zunaj dvora. To je še posebej očitno, ko simboliko pesnitve ter njenega junaka in družbo, iz katere izhaja, beremo v zgodovinskem kontekstu, tj. kot odraz dejanskega srednjeveškega življenja. V skladu s tem je mogoče pesnitev Sir Gawain in Zeleni vitez brati kot besedilo, ki kavalirstvo in viteštvo bolj kot z odkrito naklonjenostjo časti s komentarjem na njuno postopno razblinjanje, saj gre za čas, ko je prihodnost na zunaj sijočega, v resnici pa načetega kraljestva, njegovih vladarjev in družbe ob dejanjih vse prej kot brezmadežnih krščanskih vitezov videti precej temačna.

Ključne besede

angleška književnost; srednjeveška književnost; viteško pesništvo; Sir Gawain in Zeleni vitez; ljubezen; viteštvo; kavalirstvo

Celotno besedilo:

PDF (English)

Literatura

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.3986/pkn.v42.i3.12