Nacionalna identifikacija v Kanadi: dve poglavji iz odnosov anglofone skupnosti do Združenih držav Amerike

Marcello Potocco

Povzetek

Razprava podaja zgodovinski zaris odnosov angleško in francosko govorečih kanadskih skupnosti do Združenih držav Amerike. Ameriška ekspanzionistična politika je v devetnajstem stoletju kljub ustanovitvi avtonomne politične tvorbe spodbujala politično in kulturno povezavo Kanade z Veliko Britanijo; kanadski literarni nacionalizem se zato ni odpovedoval izražanju odvisnosti od britanskega imperija. Toda participacija na ameriškem založniškem trgu ter stiki z ameriško literaturo so se zrcalili tudi v prevzemanju literarnih vzorcev. Prispevek se osredotoča na dva primera recepcije ameriške literature. Najprej ob primeru konfederacijskih pesnikov pokaže, da je kljub deklarativnemu izražanju zvestobe britanskemu imperiju v njihovem odnosu do narave prisotna sled ameriškega transcendentalizma, ki se najbolj dvoumno pokaže v poeziji Archibalda Lampmana. Tudi prek odnosa konfederacijskih pesnikov do narave pa se kontinentalni binom, torej odvisnost samoopredelitve kanadske identitete, kot ga najdemo zapisanega v delih Northropa Fryja, vpisuje v kanadski nacionalni imaginarij. Drugi val nacionalizma, ki mu pripadata tudi Frye in Margaret Atwood, neposredno kaže na zamolčevanje odnosnic z Združenimi državami Amerike. Leta 1969 je v nacionalističnih krogih v Torontu prišlo do eksplicitnega zavračanja ameriške sočasne poezije, čeprav so tudi v tej zaznavne vzporednice z Olsonovo teorijo projektivnega verza in z Ginsbergovo poezijo.

Ključne besede

kanadska književnost; kulturna identiteta; literarni nacionalizem; odnos do Amerike; konfederacijski pesniki; Lampman, Archibald; Acorn, Milton; Atwood, Margaret; Innis, Harold

Celotno besedilo:

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