Humanistična branja Sofoklove Antigone in humanistično razumevanje humanega

Brane Senegačnik

Povzetek

Za (zgodnjo) humanistično recepcijo grške tragedije je značilna aristotelizirajoča intepretacija v skladu s tedanjim razumevanjem Aristotelove misli o tragediji; v tem okviru je bila Sofoklova Antigona razumljena predvsem kot moralni nauk, medtem ko o literarni in filozofski kompleksnosti, zaradi katere je postala v zadnjih treh stoletjih eno najvplivnejših del svetovne literature, tam ni sledu. Po drugi stran pa je tudi v sodobni kritiki mogoče zaslediti dobro argumentirane sodbe, da nemajhen del tovrstnih odmevnih modernih intepretacij Antigone temelji na pretirani intelektualizaciji tragedije (M. Heath) in da je bil moralni nauk pomembna in pričakovana funkcija atiške tragedije v izvornem kontekstu. Če dopustimo, da je v Antigoni moralni nauk, ni nujno, da ga razumemo tako preprosto, kot ga je opredelil npr. Kamerarij; pač pa ga lahko z dobrimi razlogi interpretiramo kot opozorilo na nenadomestljiv pomen individualnega človeškega bivanja za spoznavanje resničnosti in etično življenje.

Ključne besede

starogrška književnost; tragedija; Sofokles: Antigona; literarna interpretacija; humanizem; humanost; literatura in etika

Celotno besedilo:

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Literatura

IZDAJE IN KOMENTARJI SOFOKLOVE ANTIGONE

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SLOVENSKI PREVODI SOFOKLOVE ANTIGONE

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