Humanizem in širitev obzorij med antiko in novim svetom

György E. Szönyi

Povzetek

Znano je, da je renesansa razširila obzorje srednjeveških Evropejcev v več kot le eno smer. Ko so se ozrli nazaj, so tedaj ponovno odkrili kulturno in intelektualno dediščino klasične antike. Ko so se ozrli navzgor, so odkrili resnično strukturo neba ter mesto Sonca in planetov. Ko so se ozrli naprej, so odkrili nova geografska obzorja, nove dežele in nova ljudstva. In celo ko so se ozrli okoli sebe, se je njihovim očem razkrila narava spodnjih plasti velike verige bivanja, od mineralov do rastlin in živalskega kraljestva. To je povzročilo rojstvo naravoslovja. V središču vseh teh sprememb je bila posebna intelektualna skupina – humanisti. Nekateri med njimi so bili predvsem znanstveniki, drugi vzgojitelji ali umetniki, povezovalo pa jih je to, da se je njihovo navdušenje nad klasično dediščino pogosto stikalo z zanimanjem za novo, neznano in futuristično. Prispevek obravnava dolgo razpravljanje o definiciji humanizma in humanistov ter se znova posveti posameznim primerom, ki pričajo o povezavi filologije, zanimanja za zgodovino in novih idej. Te je pogosto navdihovalo širše obzorje, ki je izhajalo iz potovanj.

Ključne besede

renesansa; humanizem; pojmovna opredelitev; geografska odkritja; znanstvena odkritja; Callimachus, Filip; Celtis, Konrad; Kopernik, Nikolaj; Bruno, Giordano; Hakluyt, Richard; Parmenius, Stephanus

Celotno besedilo:

PDF (English)

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