Ideologija semioze v romunski prozi pod komunizmom

Alex Goldiş

Povzetek

Članek raziskuje romunska literarna gibanja osemdesetih let dvajsetega stoletja v luči njihovih povezav s poetiko novega romana in literarnoteoretskimi inovacijami skupine Tel Quel. Poleg novih tehnik pisanja, ki so nadomestile mimesis s semiozo na področju literarne produkcije, so skušali literarni avtorji, ki jih povezuje ime »tekstualizem« (Dumitru Ţepeneag, Gheorghe Crăciun, Mircea Nedelciu ali Gheorghe Iova so samo nekateri od predstavnikov), vzpostaviti protiutež uradni literaturi Ceaușescujevega režima. Besedilo pregleduje osrednje subverzivne strategije, ki jih vsebuje semiotični pristop k literaturi. Dekonstruiranje ideološkega okvira, skritega pod poetiko realizma, je bil glavni cilj, ki je bil tako podlaga precejšnjega števila ideoloških argumentov in literarnih postopkov. Poudarek na »prosti igri« lingvističnega znaka (sledeč derridajevskim principom), razsrediščenje enoglasne pripovedne perspektive ali vztrajanje pri avtoreferenčni naravi jezika, vse to je omajalo uradni pristop k literaturi. Ideja literature kot odprte semioze, ki vzpostavi demokratičen odnos med avtorjem in bralstvom, je bila glavni dosežek romunske tekstualistične skupine. V sklepu razprava ponudi premislek o ideoloških protislovjih gibanj, ki so se navdihovala pri semiotiki. Skupina Tel Quel sicer temelji na neomarksistični doktrini, toda v vzhodnoevropskem kontekstu so se njeni principi usmerili zoper socialistične totalitarne režime.

Ključne besede

literatura in ideologija; romunska književnost; komunizem; cenzura; metafikcija; postmodernizem; ezopski jezik; semioza; subverzivnost

Celotno besedilo:

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