Spomin/postspomin, etika in ideologija: o zgodovinopisni filmski naratologiji

Shang Biwu

Povzetek

V zvezi z najnovejšimi znanstvenimi deli o zgodovinopisju avtor članka trdi, da v primerjavi z jezikoslovnim obratom pripovedni obrat pomembno vpliva na preučevanje tega področja, kar ima za posledico dvoje: 1. dojemanje zgodovine kot naracije in 2. uvoz naratoloških pojmov v preučevanje zgodovine. Čeprav se potreba po izgraditvi zgodovinopisne naratologije pojavlja že desetletje ali dve, je ta še v povojih in ponuja kup odprtih teoretičnih vprašanj. Denimo, kako je zgodovina prikazana v dobi čezmedijskih in čezžanrskih študij? Kaj pa etika predstavljenih v zgodovini in tistih, ki jo predstavljajo? Kako je z ideologijo, vpeto v zgodovinskih pripovedih? V primerjavi s pogosto obravnavanim vprašanjem predstavljanja zgodovine v leposlovju se zdi predstavljanje zgodovine v drugih medijih zapostavljeno. Članek na podlagi splošnega ozadja čezmedijskih narativnih študij obravnava zgodovinopisno filmsko naratologijo (v nadaljevanju: ZFN). Na podlagi treh filmov o pobojih v Nankingu avtor najprej zagovarja potrebo po zgodovinopisni naratologiji, ki presega literarno pripoved, in pojasni, zakaj je ZFN sploh potrebna. Nato preučuje posebno problematiko spomina/postspomina v ZFN, tj. zgodovino, kot se je spominjajo tisti, ki so jo osebno doživeli, ali njihovi potomci. Skladno s tem je zgodovina izkušnja, shranjena v spominu in konkretizirana s fikcijskim medijem. Temu sledi preučevanje etike v ZFN, še zlasti etike predstavljenega in etike predstavljanja. Avtor nato poskuša določiti ideologijo, vpeto v ZFN, na koncu pa v grobem predstavi še prihodnje smeri preučevanja ZFN.

Ključne besede

literatura in zgodovina; historiografska naratologija; film; zgodovinski spomin; etika; ideologija; pokol v Nankingu

Celotno besedilo:

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