William Butler Yeats: Cathleen Ni Houlihan kot smisel žrtvovanja

Nebojša Vukčević

Povzetek

Članek obravnava prepričanje, da je William Butler Yeats z gledališko uprizoritvijo igre Cathleen Ni Houlihan na Irskem leta 1902 potegnil premišljeno potezo, s katero bi lahko celo žrtvoval svojo kariero; uprizoritev naj bi ga po eni strani prikazala kot večnega nacionalista, po drugi pa bi šokirala gledalce z močnim sporočilom in tako povzročila preobrat v njegovi karieri. Priljubljenost, ki bi jo na ta način dosegel med domačimi množicami, bi mu pomagala izpolniti načrte v zvezi s preoblikovanjem nacionalne književnosti. Izid tega žrtvovanja se kaže v vplivu te igre in poznejših Yeatsovih del na Irskem in drugod, saj je dobro znano, da so se njegove pesmi uporabljale za razpihovanje nacionalizma med irskim uporom leta 1916, pa tudi še veliko pozneje v Kataloniji in Galiciji. Raziskovalci so prišli do zaključka, da je Cathleen Ni Houlihan izredno vplivna nacionalistična igra, članek pa skuša uporabiti drugačen pristop in predstaviti dejstva o razlogih za njeno odrsko uprizoritev. Glavni cilj članka je predstaviti sociološke, zgodovinske in literarne okoliščine pred nastankom igre, ki bi pojasnile razlog za Yeatsovo žrtvovanje in posledično tudi njegov dejanski smisel.

Ključne besede

irska književnost; irsko gledališče; nacionalno vprašanje; nacionalizem; Yeats, William Butler; Cathleen Ni Houlihan

Celotno besedilo:

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Literatura

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