Kartirajoči stroji: transformacije peterburškega teksta

Sarah J. Young, John Levin

Povzetek

Referat obravnava metodologije in dosedanje ugotovitve geografskega vizualizacijskega projekta »Mapping St Petersburg«, katerega cilj je eksperimentalna kartografija »peterburškega teksta«, literarnega korpusa, katerega razvoj je prepleten z razvojem tako Peterburga kakor sodobne ruske kulture kot take. V nasprotovanju občutku samoumevnosti, pogosto značilnemu za literarno vedo, projekt poskuša peterburške tekste radikalno deformirati (v pomenu Jeroma McGanna). Pretvorba tekstov v prostorske podatke sproži proces potujitve (ostranenie), ki razkrije skrite pomene in razsežnosti. T. i. natančno branje prostora nam omogoča, da tekste kar tiramo in jih transformiramo v t. i. oddaljeno branje. Hkratni kognitivni proces branja prostorskih razmerij priskrbi kartografskemu eksperimentiranju kontekst. To preoblikuje literarne umetnine in ustvari nove vzorce pomena, ki razkrijejo potencialne tekste. Pri izdelovanju teh zemljevidov uporabljamo »neogeografska« orodja, kakršno je Google Zemljevidi. To tehnologijo odlikujejo preprostost uporabe, dostopnost, povezljivost s priljubljenimi mobilnimi tehnologijami in komunikabilnost. Ni ne ukazovalna ne distancirana, ampak omogoča, s čimer vabi k eksperimentiranju ter igri z minimalnimi stroški in porabo časa. Z njeno pomočjo ter na podlagi »bralnih strojev« in »algoritmične literarne vede« Stephena Ramsaya poskušamo tehnologijo uporabljati za generiranje miselnih iger. Za ponazoritev nekaterih rezultatov tega procesa bomo predstavili eksperimentalno kartiranje Zločina in kazni Dostojevskega in Gogoljevih peterburških povesti ter nakazali potencial tega projekta.

Ključne besede

literarna kartografija; Sankt Peterburg; kartiranje; ruska književnost; Dostojevski, Fjodor Mihajlovič; Zločin in kazen; Gogolj, Nikolaj Vasiljevič; Google Zemljevidi

Celotno besedilo:

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