Konstruiranje transnacionalnih identitet: prostorski obrat v sodobnem literarnem zgodovinopisju

Andrei Terian

Povzetek

Članek kritično predstavi t. i. »prostorski obrat v sodobnem literarnem zgodovinopisju«. Kot primeri tega pojava so izbrane tri pomembne primerjalne literarne zgodovine iz zadnjega desetletja: Literary Cultures of Latin America. A Comparative History Maria J. Valdèsa in Djelala Kadirja (3 zv., 2004), History of the Literary Cultures of East-Central Europe Marcela Cornis-Popea in Johna Neubauerja (4 zv., 2004–2010) in A Comparative History of Literatures in the Iberian Peninsula Fernanda Caba Aseguinolaze, Anxa Abuína Gonzaleza in Césarja Domíngueza (1. zv., 2010). Ta obrat bo analiziran v treh korakih. Najprej bodo nakazane topološke razlike med novimi in »starimi« literarnimi zgodovinami. Tudi večina evropskih nacionalnih literarnih zgodovin druge polovice 19. stoletja in prve polovice 20. (ki so jih prispevali na primer Taine, De Sanctis ali Călinescu) temelji na geografskem kriteriju. A razlika med tema vrstama literarnega zgodovinopisja je vendarle vidna na ravni opozicij, kakršne so narava/kultura, kontinuiteta/diskontinuiteta ipd. Drugič, prostorski dejavnik je ne le edina alternativa »nacionalnemu« kriteriju, primerna za transnacionalne literarne zgodovine, pač pa tudi modalnost, ki lahko reši specifične probleme »nacionalnih« literarnih zgodovin, kakršni so dvojezičnost, regionalnost in multikulturnost. Tretjič, proučene bodo tele zagate prostorskega obrata: v kolikšni meri prvenstvo prostorskega dejavnika vpliva na časovni dejavnik; je »prostorska« literarna zgodovina še zmerom zgodovina ali se preoblikuje v literarno geografijo; in kako programsko iskanje (prostorske) diskontinuitete vpliva na epistemološko načelo zgodovinske vednosti?

Ključne besede

literarna zgodovina; nacionalna literarna veda; kulturna identiteta; prostorski obrat; diskontinuiteta; determinizem

Celotno besedilo:

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